Migration Experience, Aspirations and the Brain Drain: Theory and Empirical Evidence

Böhme MH, Glaser T (2014) Working Papers in Economics and Management; 14-2014.
Bielefeld: Bielefeld University, Department of Business Administration and Economics.

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We develop a theoretical model of human skill formation and emigration. We extend the existing brain drain models, by partly endogenizing the heterogeneity of individuals, by introducing aspirations. Emigration of an individual will result in a migration experience, which increases the migrant's aspirations. This will induce her to invest more in the education of her children back home. We find that this aspirations effect increases the average skill level in the society for a given migration rate. We show that the optimal migration rate that maximizes the post-migration skill-rate of the population is higher if we allow for the aspirations effect of migration. We use panel data from Indonesia to demonstrate that a migration experience has an aspirations increasing effect and calibrate our model accordingly. Our results suggest that there are potentially more countries than previously thought which could benefit from migration.
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Böhme MH, Glaser T. Migration Experience, Aspirations and the Brain Drain: Theory and Empirical Evidence. Working Papers in Economics and Management. Vol 14-2014. Bielefeld: Bielefeld University, Department of Business Administration and Economics; 2014.
Böhme, M. H., & Glaser, T. (2014). Migration Experience, Aspirations and the Brain Drain: Theory and Empirical Evidence (Working Papers in Economics and Management, 14-2014). Bielefeld: Bielefeld University, Department of Business Administration and Economics. doi:10.4119/unibi/2915530
Böhme, M. H., and Glaser, T. (2014). Migration Experience, Aspirations and the Brain Drain: Theory and Empirical Evidence. Working Papers in Economics and Management, 14-2014, Bielefeld: Bielefeld University, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
Böhme, M.H., & Glaser, T., 2014. Migration Experience, Aspirations and the Brain Drain: Theory and Empirical Evidence, Working Papers in Economics and Management, no.14-2014, Bielefeld: Bielefeld University, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
M.H. Böhme and T. Glaser, Migration Experience, Aspirations and the Brain Drain: Theory and Empirical Evidence, Working Papers in Economics and Management, vol. 14-2014, Bielefeld: Bielefeld University, Department of Business Administration and Economics, 2014.
Böhme, M.H., Glaser, T.: Migration Experience, Aspirations and the Brain Drain: Theory and Empirical Evidence. Working Papers in Economics and Management, 14-2014. Bielefeld University, Department of Business Administration and Economics, Bielefeld (2014).
Böhme, Marcus H., and Glaser, Toni. Migration Experience, Aspirations and the Brain Drain: Theory and Empirical Evidence. Bielefeld: Bielefeld University, Department of Business Administration and Economics, 2014. Working Papers in Economics and Management. 14-2014.
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