Structure of Contingent Self-Esteem Global, Domain-Specific, or Hierarchical Construct?

Schwinger M, Schoene C, Otterpohl N (2017)
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT 33(5): 388-397.

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Contingent Self-Esteem (CSE) has been conceptualized in two different ways in the literature. Some theorists have emphasized that self-esteem may be generally dependent on external outcomes, while others have argued that people's self-esteem is contingent on experiences related to specific domains (e.g., academic performance). However, relying on a particular definition of CSE may lead to different consequences for both research and practice. In this article, we sought to clarify whether contingent self-esteem represents a global, domain-specific, or hierarchically organized construct. Three large samples of German college students responded to two popular contingent self-esteem instruments and various validity measures. Findings from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses clearly favored a domain-specific model over unidimensional and hierarchical models. Moreover, hierarchical regression analyses in Study 3 indicated that participants' depression and other important life outcomes could be better predicted by domain-specific facets than by global scores of contingent self-esteem. Compared to previous research, our findings provide a more thorough empirical and conceptual basis for favoring a domain-specific approach to contingent self-esteem. Implications for both research and practice are discussed.
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Schwinger M, Schoene C, Otterpohl N. Structure of Contingent Self-Esteem Global, Domain-Specific, or Hierarchical Construct? EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT. 2017;33(5):388-397.
Schwinger, M., Schoene, C., & Otterpohl, N. (2017). Structure of Contingent Self-Esteem Global, Domain-Specific, or Hierarchical Construct? EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT, 33(5), 388-397. doi:10.1027/1015-5759/a000296
Schwinger, M., Schoene, C., and Otterpohl, N. (2017). Structure of Contingent Self-Esteem Global, Domain-Specific, or Hierarchical Construct? EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT 33, 388-397.
Schwinger, M., Schoene, C., & Otterpohl, N., 2017. Structure of Contingent Self-Esteem Global, Domain-Specific, or Hierarchical Construct? EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT, 33(5), p 388-397.
M. Schwinger, C. Schoene, and N. Otterpohl, “Structure of Contingent Self-Esteem Global, Domain-Specific, or Hierarchical Construct?”, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT, vol. 33, 2017, pp. 388-397.
Schwinger, M., Schoene, C., Otterpohl, N.: Structure of Contingent Self-Esteem Global, Domain-Specific, or Hierarchical Construct? EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT. 33, 388-397 (2017).
Schwinger, Malte, Schoene, Claudia, and Otterpohl, Nantje. “Structure of Contingent Self-Esteem Global, Domain-Specific, or Hierarchical Construct?”. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT 33.5 (2017): 388-397.
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