Decline in word-finding: The objective cognitive finding most relevant to patients after mesial temporal lobe epilepsy surgery

Pauli C, Rodrigues de Oliveira Thais ME, Guarnieri R, Schwarzbold ML, Diaz AP, Ben J, Linhares MN, Markowitsch HJ, Wolf P, Wiebe S, Lin K, et al. (2017)
EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR 75: 218-224.

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the following: i) the objective impairment in neuropsychological tests that were associated with the subjective perception of cognitive function decline in Brazilian patients who underwent mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) surgery and ii) the predictive variables for those impaired objective neuropsychological tests. Methods: Forty-eight adults with MTLE (27 right HS and 23 male) were divided according to their perception of changes (Decline or No-decline) of cognitive function domain of the QOLIE-31 questionnaire applied before and 1 year after the ATL. The mean (SD) of changes in the raw score difference of the neuropsychological tests before and after the ATL was compared between Decline and No-decline groups. Receiver Operating Characteristic curves, sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values were used to assess the optimum cutoff points of neuropsychological test score changes to predict patient-reported subjective cognitive decline. Key findings: Six (12.5%) patients reported a perception of cognitive function decline after ATL. Among the 25 cognitive tests analyzed, only changes in the Boston Naming Test (BNT) were associated with subjective cognitive decline reported by patients. A reduction of points in the raw score of BNT after surgery had 91% of sensitivity and 45% specificity for predicting subjective perception of cognitive function decline by the patient. Left side surgery and age older than 40 years were more associated with an important BNT reduction with overall accuracy of 91.7%, 95% predictive ability for no impairment, and 75% for impairment of cognitive function. Significance: Impairment in word-finding seems to be the objective cognitive finding most relevant to Brazilian patients after mesial temporal lobe epilepsy surgery. Similar to American patients, the side of surgery and age are good predictors for no decline in the BNT, but shows a lower accuracy to predict its decline. If replicated in other populations, the results may have wider implications for the surgical management of patients with drug resistant MTLE. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Pauli C, Rodrigues de Oliveira Thais ME, Guarnieri R, et al. Decline in word-finding: The objective cognitive finding most relevant to patients after mesial temporal lobe epilepsy surgery. EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR. 2017;75:218-224.
Pauli, C., Rodrigues de Oliveira Thais, M. E., Guarnieri, R., Schwarzbold, M. L., Diaz, A. P., Ben, J., Linhares, M. N., et al. (2017). Decline in word-finding: The objective cognitive finding most relevant to patients after mesial temporal lobe epilepsy surgery. EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR, 75, 218-224. doi:10.1016/j.yebeh.2017.08.012
Pauli, C., Rodrigues de Oliveira Thais, M. E., Guarnieri, R., Schwarzbold, M. L., Diaz, A. P., Ben, J., Linhares, M. N., Markowitsch, H. J., Wolf, P., Wiebe, S., et al. (2017). Decline in word-finding: The objective cognitive finding most relevant to patients after mesial temporal lobe epilepsy surgery. EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR 75, 218-224.
Pauli, C., et al., 2017. Decline in word-finding: The objective cognitive finding most relevant to patients after mesial temporal lobe epilepsy surgery. EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR, 75, p 218-224.
C. Pauli, et al., “Decline in word-finding: The objective cognitive finding most relevant to patients after mesial temporal lobe epilepsy surgery”, EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR, vol. 75, 2017, pp. 218-224.
Pauli, C., Rodrigues de Oliveira Thais, M.E., Guarnieri, R., Schwarzbold, M.L., Diaz, A.P., Ben, J., Linhares, M.N., Markowitsch, H.J., Wolf, P., Wiebe, S., Lin, K., Walz, R.: Decline in word-finding: The objective cognitive finding most relevant to patients after mesial temporal lobe epilepsy surgery. EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR. 75, 218-224 (2017).
Pauli, Carla, Rodrigues de Oliveira Thais, Maria Emilia, Guarnieri, Ricardo, Schwarzbold, Marcelo Liborio, Diaz, Alexandre Paim, Ben, Juliana, Linhares, Marcelo Neves, Markowitsch, Hans J., Wolf, Peter, Wiebe, Samuel, Lin, Katia, and Walz, Roger. “Decline in word-finding: The objective cognitive finding most relevant to patients after mesial temporal lobe epilepsy surgery”. EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR 75 (2017): 218-224.
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