Mobile phone-based interactive voice response as a tool for improving access to healthcare in remote areas in Ghana - an evaluation of user experiences

Brinkel J, May J, Krumkamp R, Lamshoeft M, Kreuels B, Owusu-Dabo E, Mohammed A, Marinovic AB, Dako-Gyeke P, Krämer A, Fobil JN (2017)
TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH 22(5): 622-630.

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Abstract
OBJECTIVES To investigate and determine the factors that enhanced or constituted barriers to the acceptance of an mHealth system which was piloted in Asante-Akim North District of Ghana to support healthcare of children. METHODS Four semi-structured focus group discussions were conducted with a total of 37 mothers. Participants were selected from a study population of mothers who subscribed to a pilot mHealth system which used an interactive voice response (IVR) for its operations. Data were evaluated using qualitative content analysis methods. In addition, a short quantitative questionnaire assessed system's usability (SUS). RESULTS Results revealed 10 categories of factors that facilitated user acceptance of the IVR system including quality-of-care experience, health education and empowerment of women. The eight categories of factors identified as barriers to user acceptance included the lack of human interaction, lack of update and training on the electronic advices provided and lack of social integration of the system into the community. The usability (SUS median: 79.3; range: 65-97.5) of the system was rated acceptable. CONCLUSIONS The principles of the tested mHealth system could be of interest during infectious disease outbreaks, such as Ebola or Lassa fever, when there might be a special need for disease-specific health information within populations.
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Brinkel J, May J, Krumkamp R, et al. Mobile phone-based interactive voice response as a tool for improving access to healthcare in remote areas in Ghana - an evaluation of user experiences. TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH. 2017;22(5):622-630.
Brinkel, J., May, J., Krumkamp, R., Lamshoeft, M., Kreuels, B., Owusu-Dabo, E., Mohammed, A., et al. (2017). Mobile phone-based interactive voice response as a tool for improving access to healthcare in remote areas in Ghana - an evaluation of user experiences. TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH, 22(5), 622-630. doi:10.1111/tmi.12864
Brinkel, J., May, J., Krumkamp, R., Lamshoeft, M., Kreuels, B., Owusu-Dabo, E., Mohammed, A., Marinovic, A. B., Dako-Gyeke, P., Krämer, A., et al. (2017). Mobile phone-based interactive voice response as a tool for improving access to healthcare in remote areas in Ghana - an evaluation of user experiences. TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH 22, 622-630.
Brinkel, J., et al., 2017. Mobile phone-based interactive voice response as a tool for improving access to healthcare in remote areas in Ghana - an evaluation of user experiences. TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH, 22(5), p 622-630.
J. Brinkel, et al., “Mobile phone-based interactive voice response as a tool for improving access to healthcare in remote areas in Ghana - an evaluation of user experiences”, TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH, vol. 22, 2017, pp. 622-630.
Brinkel, J., May, J., Krumkamp, R., Lamshoeft, M., Kreuels, B., Owusu-Dabo, E., Mohammed, A., Marinovic, A.B., Dako-Gyeke, P., Krämer, A., Fobil, J.N.: Mobile phone-based interactive voice response as a tool for improving access to healthcare in remote areas in Ghana - an evaluation of user experiences. TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH. 22, 622-630 (2017).
Brinkel, J., May, J., Krumkamp, R., Lamshoeft, M., Kreuels, B., Owusu-Dabo, E., Mohammed, A., Marinovic, A. Bonacic, Dako-Gyeke, P., Krämer, Alexander, and Fobil, J. N. “Mobile phone-based interactive voice response as a tool for improving access to healthcare in remote areas in Ghana - an evaluation of user experiences”. TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH 22.5 (2017): 622-630.
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