Movement Interferes with Visuospatial Working Memory during the Encoding: An ERP Study

Gündüz Can R, Schack T, Koester D (2017)
Frontiers in Psychology 8: 871.

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Journal Article | Original Article | Published | English
Abstract
The present study focuses on the functional interactions of cognition and manual action control. Particularly, we investigated the neurophysiological correlates of the dual-task costs of a manual-motor task (requiring grasping an object, holding it, and subsequently placing it on a target) for working memory (WM) domains (verbal and visuospatial) and processes (encoding and retrieval). Thirty participants were tested in a cognitive-motor dual-task paradigm, in which a single block (a verbal or visuospatial WM task) was compared with a dual block (concurrent performance of a WM task and a motor task). Event-related potentials (ERPs) were analyzed separately for the encoding and retrieval processes of verbal and visuospatial WM domains both in single and dual blocks. The behavioral analyses show that the motor task interfered with WM and decreased the memory performance. The performance decrease was larger for the visuospatial task compared with the verbal task, i.e., domain-specific memory costs were obtained. The ERP analyses show the domain-specific interference also at the neurophysiological level, which is further process-specific to encoding. That is, comparing the patterns of WM-related ERPs in the single block and dual block, we showed that visuospatial ERPs changed only for the encoding process when a motor task was performed at the same time. Generally, the present study provides evidence for domain- and process-specific interactions of a prepared manual-motor movement with WM (visuospatial domain during the encoding process). This study, therefore, provides an initial neurophysiological characterization of functional interactions of WM and manual actions in a cognitive-motor dual-task setting, and contributes to a better understanding of the neuro-cognitive mechanisms of motor action control.
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Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
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Gündüz Can R, Schack T, Koester D. Movement Interferes with Visuospatial Working Memory during the Encoding: An ERP Study. Frontiers in Psychology. 2017;8: 871.
Gündüz Can, R., Schack, T., & Koester, D. (2017). Movement Interferes with Visuospatial Working Memory during the Encoding: An ERP Study. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 871. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00871
Gündüz Can, R., Schack, T., and Koester, D. (2017). Movement Interferes with Visuospatial Working Memory during the Encoding: An ERP Study. Frontiers in Psychology 8:871.
Gündüz Can, R., Schack, T., & Koester, D., 2017. Movement Interferes with Visuospatial Working Memory during the Encoding: An ERP Study. Frontiers in Psychology, 8: 871.
R. Gündüz Can, T. Schack, and D. Koester, “Movement Interferes with Visuospatial Working Memory during the Encoding: An ERP Study”, Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 8, 2017, : 871.
Gündüz Can, R., Schack, T., Koester, D.: Movement Interferes with Visuospatial Working Memory during the Encoding: An ERP Study. Frontiers in Psychology. 8, : 871 (2017).
Gündüz Can, Rümeysa, Schack, Thomas, and Koester, Dirk. “Movement Interferes with Visuospatial Working Memory during the Encoding: An ERP Study”. Frontiers in Psychology 8 (2017): 871.
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