Overweight in adolescent, psychiatric inpatients: A problem of general or food-specific impulsivity?

Deux N, Schlarb A, Martin F, Holtmann M, Hebebrand J, Legenbauer T (2017)
APPETITE 112: 157-166.

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Adolescent psychiatric patients are vulnerable to weight problems and show an overrepresentation of overweight compared to the healthy population. One potential factor that can contribute to the etiology of overweight is higher impulsivity. As of yet, it is unclear whether it is a general impulse control deficit or weight-related aspects such as lower impulse control in response to food that have an impact on body weight. As this may have therapeutic implications, the current study investigated differences between overweight and non-overweight adolescent psychiatric inpatients (N = 98; aged 12-20) in relation to trait impulsivity and behavioral inhibition performance. The Barratt Impulsiveness Scale and two go/no-go paradigms with neutral and food-related stimulus materials were applied. Results indicated no significant differences concerning trait impulsivity, but revealed that overweight inpatients had significantly more difficulties in inhibition performance (i.e. they reacted more impulsively) in response to both food and neutral stimuli compared to non-overweight inpatients. Furthermore, no specific inhibition deficit for high-caloric vs. low-caloric food cues emerged in overweight inpatients, whereas non-overweight participants showed significantly lower inhibition skills in response to high-caloric than low-caloric food stimuli. The results highlight a rather general, non-food-specific reduced inhibition performance in an overweight adolescent psychiatric population. Further research is necessary to enhance the understanding of the role of impulsivity in terms of body weight status in this high-risk group of adolescent inpatients. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Deux N, Schlarb A, Martin F, Holtmann M, Hebebrand J, Legenbauer T. Overweight in adolescent, psychiatric inpatients: A problem of general or food-specific impulsivity? APPETITE. 2017;112:157-166.
Deux, N., Schlarb, A., Martin, F., Holtmann, M., Hebebrand, J., & Legenbauer, T. (2017). Overweight in adolescent, psychiatric inpatients: A problem of general or food-specific impulsivity? APPETITE, 112, 157-166. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2017.01.031
Deux, N., Schlarb, A., Martin, F., Holtmann, M., Hebebrand, J., and Legenbauer, T. (2017). Overweight in adolescent, psychiatric inpatients: A problem of general or food-specific impulsivity? APPETITE 112, 157-166.
Deux, N., et al., 2017. Overweight in adolescent, psychiatric inpatients: A problem of general or food-specific impulsivity? APPETITE, 112, p 157-166.
N. Deux, et al., “Overweight in adolescent, psychiatric inpatients: A problem of general or food-specific impulsivity?”, APPETITE, vol. 112, 2017, pp. 157-166.
Deux, N., Schlarb, A., Martin, F., Holtmann, M., Hebebrand, J., Legenbauer, T.: Overweight in adolescent, psychiatric inpatients: A problem of general or food-specific impulsivity? APPETITE. 112, 157-166 (2017).
Deux, Natalie, Schlarb, Angelika, Martin, Franziska, Holtmann, Martin, Hebebrand, Johannes, and Legenbauer, Tanja. “Overweight in adolescent, psychiatric inpatients: A problem of general or food-specific impulsivity?”. APPETITE 112 (2017): 157-166.
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