An unexplored pathway for degradation of cholate requires a 7 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydratase and contributes to a broad metabolic repertoire for the utilization of bile salts in Novosphingobium sp strain Chol11

Yuecel O, Drees S, Jagmann N, Patschkowski T, Philipp B (2016)
ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY 18(12): 5187-5203.

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Bile salts such as cholate are surface-active steroid compounds with functions for digestion and signaling in vertebrates. Upon excretion into soil and water bile salts are an electron-and carbon-rich growth substrate for environmental bacteria. Degradation of bile salts proceeds via intermediates with a 3-keto-Delta(1,4)-diene structure of the steroid skeleton as shown for e.g. Pseudomonas spp. Recently, we isolated bacteria degrading cholate via intermediates with a 3-keto-7-deoxy-Delta(4,6)-structure of the steroid skeleton suggesting the existence of a second pathway for cholate degradation. This potential new pathway was investigated with Novosphingobium sp. strain Chol11. A 7 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydratase encoded by hsh2 was identified, which was required for the formation of 3-keto-7-deoxy-Delta(4,6)-metabolites. A hsh2 deletion mutant could still grow with cholate but showed impaired growth. Cholate degradation of this mutant proceeded via 3-keto-Delta(1,4)-diene metabolites. Heterologous expression of Hsh2 in the bile salt-degrading Pseudomonas sp. strain Chol1 led to the formation of a dead-end steroid with a 3-keto-7-deoxy-Delta(4,6)-diene structure. Hsh2 is the first steroid dehydratase with an important function in a metabolic pathway of bacteria that use bile salts as growth substrates. This pathway contributes to a broad metabolic repertoire of Novosphingobium strain Chol11 that may be advantageous in competition with other bile salt-degrading bacteria.
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Yuecel O, Drees S, Jagmann N, Patschkowski T, Philipp B. An unexplored pathway for degradation of cholate requires a 7 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydratase and contributes to a broad metabolic repertoire for the utilization of bile salts in Novosphingobium sp strain Chol11. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. 2016;18(12):5187-5203.
Yuecel, O., Drees, S., Jagmann, N., Patschkowski, T., & Philipp, B. (2016). An unexplored pathway for degradation of cholate requires a 7 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydratase and contributes to a broad metabolic repertoire for the utilization of bile salts in Novosphingobium sp strain Chol11. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, 18(12), 5187-5203. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.13534
Yuecel, O., Drees, S., Jagmann, N., Patschkowski, T., and Philipp, B. (2016). An unexplored pathway for degradation of cholate requires a 7 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydratase and contributes to a broad metabolic repertoire for the utilization of bile salts in Novosphingobium sp strain Chol11. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY 18, 5187-5203.
Yuecel, O., et al., 2016. An unexplored pathway for degradation of cholate requires a 7 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydratase and contributes to a broad metabolic repertoire for the utilization of bile salts in Novosphingobium sp strain Chol11. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, 18(12), p 5187-5203.
O. Yuecel, et al., “An unexplored pathway for degradation of cholate requires a 7 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydratase and contributes to a broad metabolic repertoire for the utilization of bile salts in Novosphingobium sp strain Chol11”, ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, vol. 18, 2016, pp. 5187-5203.
Yuecel, O., Drees, S., Jagmann, N., Patschkowski, T., Philipp, B.: An unexplored pathway for degradation of cholate requires a 7 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydratase and contributes to a broad metabolic repertoire for the utilization of bile salts in Novosphingobium sp strain Chol11. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. 18, 5187-5203 (2016).
Yuecel, Onur, Drees, Steffen, Jagmann, Nina, Patschkowski, Thomas, and Philipp, Bodo. “An unexplored pathway for degradation of cholate requires a 7 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydratase and contributes to a broad metabolic repertoire for the utilization of bile salts in Novosphingobium sp strain Chol11”. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY 18.12 (2016): 5187-5203.
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A Novel Steroid-Coenzyme A Ligase from Novosphingobium sp. Strain Chol11 Is Essential for an Alternative Degradation Pathway for Bile Salts.
Yücel O, Holert J, Ludwig KC, Thierbach S, Philipp B., Appl Environ Microbiol 84(1), 2018
PMID: 29054875
Functional Characterization of Three Specific Acyl-Coenzyme A Synthetases Involved in Anaerobic Cholesterol Degradation in Sterolibacterium denitrificans Chol1S.
Warnke M, Jung T, Jacoby C, Agne M, Feller FM, Philipp B, Seiche W, Breit B, Boll M., Appl Environ Microbiol 84(7), 2018
PMID: 29374035
Metagenomes Reveal Global Distribution of Bacterial Steroid Catabolism in Natural, Engineered, and Host Environments.
Holert J, Cardenas E, Bergstrand LH, Zaikova E, Hahn AS, Hallam SJ, Mohn WW., MBio 9(1), 2018
PMID: 29382738

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