Dissemination psychotherapeutischer Module für traumatisierte Geflüchtete. Erkenntnisse aus der Traumaarbeit in Krisen- und Kriegsregionen

Elbert T, Wilker S, Schauer M, Neuner F (2017)
NERVENARZT 88(1): 26-33.

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Journal Article | Original Article | Published | German

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Dissemination of psychotherapy Modules for traumatized Refugees Experience gained from the Trauma Work in Crisis and Conflict Regions
Abstract
With each additional accumulative exposure to severe and traumatic stressors, the likelihood of developing mental health problems and physical diseases increases. Displaced individuals have usually experienced a number of serious threats to health due to organized violence in their home country or attacks during the flight. Frequently, domestic violence adds additional strain to the stressors experienced. The resulting impairments in psychosocial functioning reduce the resources needed for social adjustment and integration. Social exclusion then in turn often further aggravates the existing mental health complications. For the treatment of trauma spectrum disorders, different evidence-based psychotherapies are available. In high-income countries, trained and licensed psychotherapists are typically in positions to apply such interventions; however, even an advanced system with a high capacity, such as the psychotherapeutic care offered in Germany, severely struggles to manage the demands associated with the rapid addition of hundreds of thousands of displaced people. Germany's mental healthcare system at present lacks the resources, both human and technological, to effectively manage the present demands. Systematic scientific studies in resource-poor regions of war and conflict have demonstrated that the dissemination of effective treatment to local personnel, even with limited training, results in substantial improvements in the mental health challenges within the community: Organized as a cascade model, members of the refugee community learn to identify weakened fellow citizens requiring in-depth diagnostic interviews. Educated, bilingual individuals acquainted with their country's healthcare system (e. g. nurses, teachers and social workers) receive training to conduct structured interviews and evidence-based interventions under the supervision of centrally organized licensed psychotherapists. More complex cases are referred to local psychotherapists, psychiatrists or specialized treatment centers. These humanitarian efforts are based on the convention for the protection of human rights and secure the safety, freedom and dignity of these persons.
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Elbert T, Wilker S, Schauer M, Neuner F. Dissemination psychotherapeutischer Module für traumatisierte Geflüchtete. Erkenntnisse aus der Traumaarbeit in Krisen- und Kriegsregionen. NERVENARZT. 2017;88(1):26-33.
Elbert, T., Wilker, S., Schauer, M., & Neuner, F. (2017). Dissemination psychotherapeutischer Module für traumatisierte Geflüchtete. Erkenntnisse aus der Traumaarbeit in Krisen- und Kriegsregionen. NERVENARZT, 88(1), 26-33. doi:10.1007/s00115-016-0245-3
Elbert, T., Wilker, S., Schauer, M., and Neuner, F. (2017). Dissemination psychotherapeutischer Module für traumatisierte Geflüchtete. Erkenntnisse aus der Traumaarbeit in Krisen- und Kriegsregionen. NERVENARZT 88, 26-33.
Elbert, T., et al., 2017. Dissemination psychotherapeutischer Module für traumatisierte Geflüchtete. Erkenntnisse aus der Traumaarbeit in Krisen- und Kriegsregionen. NERVENARZT, 88(1), p 26-33.
T. Elbert, et al., “Dissemination psychotherapeutischer Module für traumatisierte Geflüchtete. Erkenntnisse aus der Traumaarbeit in Krisen- und Kriegsregionen”, NERVENARZT, vol. 88, 2017, pp. 26-33.
Elbert, T., Wilker, S., Schauer, M., Neuner, F.: Dissemination psychotherapeutischer Module für traumatisierte Geflüchtete. Erkenntnisse aus der Traumaarbeit in Krisen- und Kriegsregionen. NERVENARZT. 88, 26-33 (2017).
Elbert, T., Wilker, S., Schauer, M., and Neuner, Frank. “Dissemination psychotherapeutischer Module für traumatisierte Geflüchtete. Erkenntnisse aus der Traumaarbeit in Krisen- und Kriegsregionen”. NERVENARZT 88.1 (2017): 26-33.
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