Generalization Effects in Evaluative Conditioning: Evidence for Attitude Transfer Effects from Single Exemplars to Social Categories

Glaser T, Kuchenbrandt D (2017)
Frontiers in Psychology 8: 103.

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Journal Article | Original Article | Published | English
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The present research investigated whether evaluatively conditioned attitudes toward members of a social category (CSs) generalize to other stimuli belonging to the same category as the CSs (generalization at the stimulus level) and to the category itself (generalization at the category level). In four experiments, USs were paired with schematic or naturalistic CSs belonging to certain fictitious groups. Afterward, attitudes toward the CSs, toward non-presented exemplars of the CS category, and toward the CS category were assessed. Results revealed evidence for generalization effects in EC on both the stimulus and the category level. Transfer effects were greater when participants’ awareness of the CS–US contingency (CA) was high. Moreover, we found differences in generalization between the stimulus and category level, indicating that different processes might contribute to the effects. Theoretical and practical implications such as using EC as a tool for changing attitudes toward social groups will be discussed.
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Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
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Glaser T, Kuchenbrandt D. Generalization Effects in Evaluative Conditioning: Evidence for Attitude Transfer Effects from Single Exemplars to Social Categories. Frontiers in Psychology. 2017;8: 103.
Glaser, T., & Kuchenbrandt, D. (2017). Generalization Effects in Evaluative Conditioning: Evidence for Attitude Transfer Effects from Single Exemplars to Social Categories. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 103. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00103
Glaser, T., and Kuchenbrandt, D. (2017). Generalization Effects in Evaluative Conditioning: Evidence for Attitude Transfer Effects from Single Exemplars to Social Categories. Frontiers in Psychology 8:103.
Glaser, T., & Kuchenbrandt, D., 2017. Generalization Effects in Evaluative Conditioning: Evidence for Attitude Transfer Effects from Single Exemplars to Social Categories. Frontiers in Psychology, 8: 103.
T. Glaser and D. Kuchenbrandt, “Generalization Effects in Evaluative Conditioning: Evidence for Attitude Transfer Effects from Single Exemplars to Social Categories”, Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 8, 2017, : 103.
Glaser, T., Kuchenbrandt, D.: Generalization Effects in Evaluative Conditioning: Evidence for Attitude Transfer Effects from Single Exemplars to Social Categories. Frontiers in Psychology. 8, : 103 (2017).
Glaser, Tina, and Kuchenbrandt, Dieta. “Generalization Effects in Evaluative Conditioning: Evidence for Attitude Transfer Effects from Single Exemplars to Social Categories”. Frontiers in Psychology 8 (2017): 103.
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