Structurally Flexible and Solution Stable [Ln(4)TM(8)(OH)(8)(L)(8)(O2CR)(8)(MeOMy]ClO4)(4): A Playground for Magnetic Refrigeration

Hooper TN, Inglis R, Lorusso G, Ujma J, Barran PE, Uhrin D, Schnack J, Piligkos S, Evangelisti M, Brechin EK (2016)
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 55(20): 10535-10546.

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The family of compounds of general formula [Ln(4)(III)TM(8)(II)(OH)(8)(L)(8-)(O2CR)(8)(MeOH)(y)} (ClO4)(4) {[Gd4Zn8(OH)(8)(hmp)(8)((O2CPr)-Pr-i)(8)}(ClO4)(4) (la); [Y4Zn8(OH)(8)(hmp)(8)((O2CPr)-Pr-i)(8)](ClO4)(4) (lb); [Gd4Cu8(OH)(8)(hmp)(8)(O(2)CiPr(8)](ClO4)(4) (2a); [Y4Cu8(OH)(8)(hmp)(8)((O2CPr)-Pr-i)(8)](ClO4)(4) (2b); [Gd4Cu8(OH)(8)(hep)(8)((O2CPr8)-Pr-i]-(ClO4)(4) (3a); [Gd4Cu8(OH)(8)(Hpdm)(8)((O2CBu)-Bu-t)(8)](ClO4)(4) (4a); [Gd4Cu8(OH)(8-)(ea)(8))(O2CMe)(8)] (ClO4)(4) (5a); [Gd4Ni8(OH)(8)(hmp)(8)(O2CEt)(8)(MEOH)(6)] (ClO4)(4) (6a); [Y4Ni8(OH)(8)(hmp)(8)(O2CEt)(8)(MeOH)(6)](ClO4)(4) (6:b); [Gd4Co8(OH)(8-)(hmp)(8)(O2CEt)(8)(MeOH)(6)] (ClO4)(4) (7a); [Y4Co8(OH)(8)(hmp)(8)(O2CEt)(8)(MeOH)(6)]-(ClO4)(4) (7b)} can be formed very simply and in high yields from the reaction of Ln(NO3)(3)center dot 6H(2)0 and TM(ClO4)(2)center dot 6H(2)O and the appropriate ligand blend in a mixture of CH2Cl2 and MeOH in the presence of a suitable base. Remarkably, almost all the constituent parts, namely the lanthanide (or rare earth) ions Lnill (here Ln = Gd or Y); the transition metal ions TMII (here TM = Zn, Cu, Ni, Co), the bridging ligand L (Hhmp = 2(hydroxymethyl)pyridine; Hhep = 2-(hydroxyethyl)pyridine; H(2)pdm = pyridine-2,6-dimethanol; Hea = 2-ethanolamine), and the carboxylates can be exchanged while maintaining the structural integrity of the molecule. NMR spectroscopy of diamagnetic complex lb revealS the complex to be fully intact in solution with all signals from the hydroxide, ligand L, and the carboxylates equivalent on the NMR time Scale, suggesting the complex possesses greater symmetry in solution than in the solid state. High resolution nano-ESI mass spectrometry on dichloromethane solutions of 2a and 2b shows both complexes are present in two charge states with little fragmentation; with the most intense peak in each spectrum corresponding to [Ln(4)Cu(8)(OH)(8)(hmp)(8)((O2CPr)-Pr-i)8](ClO4)(2)(2+)'. This family of compounds offers an excellent playground for probing how the magnetocaloric effect evolves by introducing either antiferromagnetic or ferromagnetic interactions, or magnetic anisotropy, by substituting the nonmagnetic Zn-II (la) with Cull (2a), Ni-II (6a) or Con (7a), respectively. The largest magnetocaloric effect is found for the ferromagnetically coupled complex 6a, while the predominant antiferromagnetic interactions in 2a yield an inverse magnetocaloric effect; that is, the temperature increases on lowering the applied field; under the proper experimental conditions. In spite of increasing the magnetic density by adding ions that bring in antiferromagnetic interactions (2a) or magnetic anisotropy (7a), the magnetocaloric effect is overall smaller in 2a and 7a than in la, where only four Gd-III spins per molecule contribute to the magnetocaloric properties.
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Hooper TN, Inglis R, Lorusso G, et al. Structurally Flexible and Solution Stable [Ln(4)TM(8)(OH)(8)(L)(8)(O2CR)(8)(MeOMy]ClO4)(4): A Playground for Magnetic Refrigeration. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY. 2016;55(20):10535-10546.
Hooper, T. N., Inglis, R., Lorusso, G., Ujma, J., Barran, P. E., Uhrin, D., Schnack, J., et al. (2016). Structurally Flexible and Solution Stable [Ln(4)TM(8)(OH)(8)(L)(8)(O2CR)(8)(MeOMy]ClO4)(4): A Playground for Magnetic Refrigeration. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 55(20), 10535-10546. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b01730
Hooper, T. N., Inglis, R., Lorusso, G., Ujma, J., Barran, P. E., Uhrin, D., Schnack, J., Piligkos, S., Evangelisti, M., and Brechin, E. K. (2016). Structurally Flexible and Solution Stable [Ln(4)TM(8)(OH)(8)(L)(8)(O2CR)(8)(MeOMy]ClO4)(4): A Playground for Magnetic Refrigeration. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 55, 10535-10546.
Hooper, T.N., et al., 2016. Structurally Flexible and Solution Stable [Ln(4)TM(8)(OH)(8)(L)(8)(O2CR)(8)(MeOMy]ClO4)(4): A Playground for Magnetic Refrigeration. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 55(20), p 10535-10546.
T.N. Hooper, et al., “Structurally Flexible and Solution Stable [Ln(4)TM(8)(OH)(8)(L)(8)(O2CR)(8)(MeOMy]ClO4)(4): A Playground for Magnetic Refrigeration”, INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, vol. 55, 2016, pp. 10535-10546.
Hooper, T.N., Inglis, R., Lorusso, G., Ujma, J., Barran, P.E., Uhrin, D., Schnack, J., Piligkos, S., Evangelisti, M., Brechin, E.K.: Structurally Flexible and Solution Stable [Ln(4)TM(8)(OH)(8)(L)(8)(O2CR)(8)(MeOMy]ClO4)(4): A Playground for Magnetic Refrigeration. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY. 55, 10535-10546 (2016).
Hooper, Thomas N., Inglis, Ross, Lorusso, Giulia, Ujma, Jakub, Barran, Perdita E., Uhrin, Dusan, Schnack, Jürgen, Piligkos, Stergios, Evangelisti, Marco, and Brechin, Euan K. “Structurally Flexible and Solution Stable [Ln(4)TM(8)(OH)(8)(L)(8)(O2CR)(8)(MeOMy]ClO4)(4): A Playground for Magnetic Refrigeration”. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 55.20 (2016): 10535-10546.
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