Health literacy among different age groups in Germany: results of a cross-sectional survey.

Berens E-M, Vogt D, Messer M, Hurrelmann K, Schaeffer D (2016)
BMC Public Health 16(1): 1151.

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Journal Article | Original Article | English
Abstract
Background Health literacy is of increasing importance in public health research. It is a necessary pre-condition for the involvement in decisions about health and health care and related to health outcomes. Knowledge about limited health literacy in different age groups is crucial to better target public health interventions for subgroups of the population. However, little is known about health literacy in Germany. The study therefore assesses the prevalence of limited health literacy and associated factors among different age groups. Methods The Health Literacy Survey Germany is a cross-sectional study with 2,000 participants aged 15 years or older in private households. Perceived health literacy was assessed via computer-assisted personal interviews using the HLS-EU-Q-47 questionnaire. Descriptive analyses, chi-square tests and odds ratios were performed stratified for different age groups. Results The population affected by limited perceived health literacy increases by age. Of the respondents aged 15–29 years, 47.3 % had limited perceived health literacy and 47.2 % of those aged 30–45 years, whereas 55.2 % of the respondents aged 46–64 years and 66.4 % aged 65 years and older showed limited perceived health literacy. In all age groups, limited perceived health literacy was associated with limited functional health literacy, low social status, and a high frequency of doctor visits. Conclusions The results suggest a need to further investigate perceived health literacy in all phases of the life-course. Particular attention should be devoted to persons with lower social status, limited functional health literacy and/or a high number of doctor visits in all age groups.
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Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
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Berens E-M, Vogt D, Messer M, Hurrelmann K, Schaeffer D. Health literacy among different age groups in Germany: results of a cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health. 2016;16(1):1151.
Berens, E. - M., Vogt, D., Messer, M., Hurrelmann, K., & Schaeffer, D. (2016). Health literacy among different age groups in Germany: results of a cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 1151. doi:10.1186/s12889-016-3810-6
Berens, E. - M., Vogt, D., Messer, M., Hurrelmann, K., and Schaeffer, D. (2016). Health literacy among different age groups in Germany: results of a cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health 16, 1151.
Berens, E.-M., et al., 2016. Health literacy among different age groups in Germany: results of a cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health, 16(1), p 1151.
E.-M. Berens, et al., “Health literacy among different age groups in Germany: results of a cross-sectional survey.”, BMC Public Health, vol. 16, 2016, pp. 1151.
Berens, E.-M., Vogt, D., Messer, M., Hurrelmann, K., Schaeffer, D.: Health literacy among different age groups in Germany: results of a cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health. 16, 1151 (2016).
Berens, Eva-Maria, Vogt, Dominique, Messer, Melanie, Hurrelmann, Klaus, and Schaeffer, Doris. “Health literacy among different age groups in Germany: results of a cross-sectional survey.”. BMC Public Health 16.1 (2016): 1151.
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