The topological structures in strongly coupled QGP with chiral fermions on the lattice

Sharma S, Dick V, Karsch F, Laermann E, Mukherjee S (2016)
Nuclear Physics A 956: 793-796.

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Abstract
The nature of chiral phase transition for two flavor QCD is an interesting but unresolved problem. One of the most intriguing issues is whether or not the anomalous U(1) symmetry in the flavor sector is effectively restored along with the chiral symmetry. This may determine the universality class of the chiral phase transition. Since the physics near the chiral phase transition is essentially non-perturbative, we employ first principles lattice techniques to address this issue. We use overlap fermions, which have exact chiral symmetry on the lattice, to probe the anomalous U(1) symmetry violation of 2+1 flavor dynamical QCD configurations with domain wall fermions. The latter also optimally preserves chiral and flavor symmetries on the lattice, since it is known that the remnant chiral symmetry of the light quarks influences the scaling of the chiral condensate in the crossover transition region. We observe that the anomalous U(1) is not effectively restored in the chiral crossover region. We perform a systematic study of the finite size and cut-off effects since the signals of U(1) violation are sensitive to it. We also provide a glimpse of the microscopic topological structures of the QCD medium that are responsible for the strongly interacting nature of the quark gluon plasma phase. We study the effect of these microscopic constituents through our first calculations for the topological susceptibility of QCD at finite temperature, which could be a crucial input for the equation of state for anomalous hydrodynamics.
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Conference
25th International Conference on Ultra-Relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions
Location
Kobe, Japan
Conference Date
2015-09-27 – 2015-10-03
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Sharma S, Dick V, Karsch F, Laermann E, Mukherjee S. The topological structures in strongly coupled QGP with chiral fermions on the lattice. Nuclear Physics A. 2016;956:793-796.
Sharma, S., Dick, V., Karsch, F., Laermann, E., & Mukherjee, S. (2016). The topological structures in strongly coupled QGP with chiral fermions on the lattice. Nuclear Physics A, 956, 793-796. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2016.02.013
Sharma, S., Dick, V., Karsch, F., Laermann, E., and Mukherjee, S. (2016). The topological structures in strongly coupled QGP with chiral fermions on the lattice. Nuclear Physics A 956, 793-796.
Sharma, S., et al., 2016. The topological structures in strongly coupled QGP with chiral fermions on the lattice. Nuclear Physics A, 956, p 793-796.
S. Sharma, et al., “The topological structures in strongly coupled QGP with chiral fermions on the lattice”, Nuclear Physics A, vol. 956, 2016, pp. 793-796.
Sharma, S., Dick, V., Karsch, F., Laermann, E., Mukherjee, S.: The topological structures in strongly coupled QGP with chiral fermions on the lattice. Nuclear Physics A. 956, 793-796 (2016).
Sharma, Sayantan, Dick, Viktor, Karsch, Frithjof, Laermann, Edwin, and Mukherjee, Swagato. “The topological structures in strongly coupled QGP with chiral fermions on the lattice”. Nuclear Physics A 956 (2016): 793-796.
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