Health in times of uncertainty in the eastern Mediterranean region, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013

Mokdad AH, Forouzanfar MH, Daoud F, El Bcheraoui C, Moradi-Lakeh M, Khalil I, Afshin A, Tuffaha M, Charara R, Barber RM, Wagner J, et al. (2016)
LANCET GLOBAL HEALTH 4(10): E704-E713.

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Abstract
Background The eastern Mediterranean region is comprised of 22 countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Since our Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010), the region has faced unrest as a result of revolutions, wars, and the so-called Arab uprisings. The objective of this study was to present the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the eastern Mediterranean region as of 2013. Methods GBD 2013 includes an annual assessment covering 188 countries from 1990 to 2013. The study covers 306 diseases and injuries, 1233 sequelae, and 79 risk factors. Our GBD 2013 analyses included the addition of new data through updated systematic reviews and through the contribution of unpublished data sources from collaborators, an updated version of modelling software, and several improvements in our methods. In this systematic analysis, we use data from GBD 2013 to analyse the burden of disease and injuries in the eastern Mediterranean region specifically. Findings The leading cause of death in the region in 2013 was ischaemic heart disease (90.3 deaths per 100 000 people), which increased by 17.2% since 1990. However, diarrhoeal diseases were the leading cause of death in Somalia (186.7 deaths per 100 000 people) in 2013, which decreased by 26 . 9% since 1990. The leading cause of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) was ischaemic heart disease for males and lower respiratory infection for females. High blood pressure was the leading risk factor for DALYs in 2013, with an increase of 83 . 3% since 1990. Risk factors for DALYs varied by country. In low-income countries, childhood wasting was the leading cause of DALYs in Afghanistan, Somalia, and Yemen, whereas unsafe sex was the leading cause in Djibouti. Non-communicable risk factors were the leading cause of DALYs in high-income and middle-income countries in the region. DALY risk factors varied by age, with child and maternal malnutrition affecting the younger age groups (aged 28 days to 4 years), whereas high bodyweight and systolic blood pressure affected older people (aged 60-80 years). The proportion of DALYs attributed to high body-mass index increased from 3.7% to 7.5% between 1990 and 2013. Burden of mental health problems and drug use increased. Most increases in DALYs, especially from non-communicable diseases, were due to population growth. The crises in Egypt, Yemen, Libya, and Syria have resulted in a reduction in life expectancy; life expectancy in Syria would have been 5 years higher than that recorded for females and 6 years higher for males had the crisis not occurred. Interpretation Our study shows that the eastern Mediterranean region is going through a crucial health phase. The Arab uprisings and the wars that followed, coupled with ageing and population growth, will have a major impact on the region's health and resources. The region has historically seen improvements in life expectancy and other health indicators, even under stress. However, the current situation will cause deteriorating health conditions for many countries and for many years and will have an impact on the region and the rest of the world. Based on our findings, we call for increased investment in health in the region in addition to reducing the conflicts. Copyright (C) The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY license.
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Mokdad AH, Forouzanfar MH, Daoud F, et al. Health in times of uncertainty in the eastern Mediterranean region, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. LANCET GLOBAL HEALTH. 2016;4(10):E704-E713.
Mokdad, A. H., Forouzanfar, M. H., Daoud, F., El Bcheraoui, C., Moradi-Lakeh, M., Khalil, I., Afshin, A., et al. (2016). Health in times of uncertainty in the eastern Mediterranean region, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. LANCET GLOBAL HEALTH, 4(10), E704-E713.
Mokdad, A. H., Forouzanfar, M. H., Daoud, F., El Bcheraoui, C., Moradi-Lakeh, M., Khalil, I., Afshin, A., Tuffaha, M., Charara, R., Barber, R. M., et al. (2016). Health in times of uncertainty in the eastern Mediterranean region, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. LANCET GLOBAL HEALTH 4, E704-E713.
Mokdad, A.H., et al., 2016. Health in times of uncertainty in the eastern Mediterranean region, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. LANCET GLOBAL HEALTH, 4(10), p E704-E713.
A.H. Mokdad, et al., “Health in times of uncertainty in the eastern Mediterranean region, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013”, LANCET GLOBAL HEALTH, vol. 4, 2016, pp. E704-E713.
Mokdad, A.H., Forouzanfar, M.H., Daoud, F., El Bcheraoui, C., Moradi-Lakeh, M., Khalil, I., Afshin, A., Tuffaha, M., Charara, R., Barber, R.M., Wagner, J., Cercy, K., Kravitz, H., Coates, M.M., Robinson, M., Estep, K., Steiner, C., Jaber, S., Mokdad, A.A., O'Rourke, K.F., Chew, A., Kim, P., El Razek, M.M.A., Abdalla, S., Abd-Allah, F., Abraham, J.P., Abu-Raddad, L.J., Abu-Rmeileh, N.M.E., Al-Nehmi, A.A., Akanda, A.S., Al Ahmadi, H., Al Khabouri, M.J., Al Lami, F.H., Al Rayess, Z.A., Alasfoor, D., AlBuhairan, F.S., Aldhahri, S.F., Alghnam, S., Alhabib, S., Al-Hamad, N., Ali, R., Ali, S.D., Alkhateeb, M., AlMazroa, M.A., Alomari, M.A., Al-Raddadi, R., Alsharif, U., Al-Sheyab, N., Alsowaidi, S., Al-Thani, M., Altirkawi, K.A., Amare, A.T., Amini, H., Ammar, W., Anwari, P., Asayesh, H., Asghar, R., Assabri, A.M., Assadi, R., Bacha, U., Badawi, A., Bakfalouni, T., Basulaiman, M.O., Bazargan-Hejazi, S., Bedi, N., Bhakta, A.R., Bhutta, Z.A., Bin Abdulhak, A.A., Boufous, S., Bourne, R.R.A., Danawi, H., Das, J., Deribew, A., Ding, E.L., Durrani, A.M., Elshrek, Y., Ibrahim, M.E., Eshrati, B., Esteghamati, A., Faghmous, I.A.D., Farzadfar, F., Feigl, A.B., Fereshtehnejad, S.-M., Filip, I., Fischer, F., Gankpe, F.G., Ginawi, I., Gishu, M.D., Gupta, R., Habash, R.M., Hafezi-Nejad, N., Hamadeh, R.R., Hamdouni, H., Hamidi, S., Harb, H.L., Hassanvand, M.S., Hedayati, M.T., Heydarpour, P., Hsairi, M., Husseini, A., Jahanmehr, N., Jha, V., Jonas, J.B., Karam, N.E., Kasaeian, A., Kassa, N.A., Kaul, A., Khader, Y., Khalifa, S.E.A., Khan, E.A., Khan, G., Khoja, T.K., Khosravi, A., Kinfu, Y., Defo, B.K., Balaji, A.L., Lunevicius, R., Obermeyer, C.M., Malekzadeh, R., Mansourian, M., Marcenes, W., Farid, H.M., Mehari, A., Memish, Z.A., Mehio-Sibai, A., Memish, Z.A., Mensah, G.A., Mohammad, K.A., Nahas, Z., Nasher, J.T., Nawaz, H., Nejjari, C., Nisar, M.I., Omer, S.B., Parsaeian, M., Peprah, E.K., Pervaiz, A., Pourmalek, F., Qato, D.M., Qorbani, M., Radfar, A., Rafay, A., Rahimi, K., Rahimi-Movaghar, V., Rahman, S.U., Rai, R.K., Rana, S.M., Rao, S.R., Refaat, A.H., Resnikoff, S., Roshandel, G., Saade, G., Saeedi, M.Y., Sahraian, M.A., Saleh, S., Sanchez-Riera, L., Satpathy, M., Sepanlou, S.G., Setegn, T., Shaheen, A., Shahraz, S., Sheikhbahaei, S., Shishani, K., Sliwa, K., Tavakkoli, M., Terkawi, A.S., Uthman, O.A., Westerman, R., Younis, M.Z., Zaki, M.E.S., Zannad, F., Roth, G.A., Wang, H., Naghavi, M., Vos, T., Al Rabeeah, A.A., Lopez, A.D., Murray, C.J.L.: Health in times of uncertainty in the eastern Mediterranean region, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. LANCET GLOBAL HEALTH. 4, E704-E713 (2016).
Mokdad, Ali H., Forouzanfar, Mohammad Hossein, Daoud, Farah, El Bcheraoui, Charbel, Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar, Khalil, Ibrahim, Afshin, Ashkan, Tuffaha, Marwa, Charara, Raghid, Barber, Ryan M., Wagner, Joseph, Cercy, Kelly, Kravitz, Hannah, Coates, Matthew M., Robinson, Margaret, Estep, Kara, Steiner, Caitlyn, Jaber, Sara, Mokdad, Ali A., O'Rourke, Kevin F., Chew, Adrienne, Kim, Pauline, El Razek, Mohamed Magdy Abd, Abdalla, Safa, Abd-Allah, Foad, Abraham, Jerry P., Abu-Raddad, Laith J., Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. E., Al-Nehmi, Abdulwahab A., Akanda, Ali S., Al Ahmadi, Hanan, Al Khabouri, Mazin J., Al Lami, Faris H., Al Rayess, Zulfa A., Alasfoor, Deena, AlBuhairan, Fadia S., Aldhahri, Saleh F., Alghnam, Suliman, Alhabib, Samia, Al-Hamad, Nawal, Ali, Raghib, Ali, Syed Danish, Alkhateeb, Mohammad, AlMazroa, Mohammad A., Alomari, Mahmoud A., Al-Raddadi, Rajaa, Alsharif, Ubai, Al-Sheyab, Nihaya, Alsowaidi, Shirina, Al-Thani, Mohamed, Altirkawi, Khalid A., Amare, Azmeraw T., Amini, Heresh, Ammar, Walid, Anwari, Palwasha, Asayesh, Hamid, Asghar, Rana, Assabri, Ali M., Assadi, Reza, Bacha, Umar, Badawi, Alaa, Bakfalouni, Talal, Basulaiman, Mohammed O., Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad, Bedi, Neeraj, Bhakta, Amit R., Bhutta, Zulfiqar A., Bin Abdulhak, Aref A., Boufous, Soufiane, Bourne, Rupert R. A., Danawi, Hadi, Das, Jai, Deribew, Amare, Ding, Eric L., Durrani, Adnan M., Elshrek, Yousef, Ibrahim, Mohamed E., Eshrati, Babak, Esteghamati, Alireza, Faghmous, Imad A. D., Farzadfar, Farshad, Feigl, Andrea B., Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad, Filip, Irina, Fischer, Florian, Gankpe, Fortune G., Ginawi, Ibrahim, Gishu, Melkamu Dedefo, Gupta, Rahul, Habash, Rami M., Hafezi-Nejad, Nima, Hamadeh, Randah R., Hamdouni, Hayet, Hamidi, Samer, Harb, Hilda L., Hassanvand, Mohammad Sadegh, Hedayati, Mohammad T., Heydarpour, Pouria, Hsairi, Mohamed, Husseini, Abdullatif, Jahanmehr, Nader, Jha, Vivekanand, Jonas, Jost B., Karam, Nadim E., Kasaeian, Amir, Kassa, Nega Assefa, Kaul, Anil, Khader, Yousef, Khalifa, Shams Eldin A., Khan, Ejaz A., Khan, Gulfaraz, Khoja, Tawfi K., Khosravi, Ardeshir, Kinfu, Yohannes, Defo, Barthelemy Kuate, Balaji, Arjun Lakshmana, Lunevicius, Raimundas, Obermeyer, Carla Makhlouf, Malekzadeh, Reza, Mansourian, Morteza, Marcenes, Wagner, Farid, Habibolah Masoudi, Mehari, Alem, Memish, Ziad A., Mehio-Sibai, Abla, Memish, Ziad A., Mensah, George A., Mohammad, Karzan A., Nahas, Ziad, Nasher, Jamal T., Nawaz, Haseeb, Nejjari, Chakib, Nisar, Muhammad Imran, Omer, Saad B., Parsaeian, Mahboubeh, Peprah, Emmanuel K., Pervaiz, Aslam, Pourmalek, Farshad, Qato, Dima M., Qorbani, Mostafa, Radfar, Amir, Rafay, Anwar, Rahimi, Kazem, Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa, Rahman, Sajjad Ur, Rai, Rajesh K., Rana, Saleem M., Rao, Sowmya R., Refaat, Amany H., Resnikoff, Serge, Roshandel, Gholamreza, Saade, Georges, Saeedi, Mohammad Y., Sahraian, Mohammad Ali, Saleh, Shadi, Sanchez-Riera, Lidia, Satpathy, Maheswar, Sepanlou, Sadaf G., Setegn, Tesfaye, Shaheen, Amira, Shahraz, Saeid, Sheikhbahaei, Sara, Shishani, Kawkab, Sliwa, Karen, Tavakkoli, Mohammad, Terkawi, Abdullah S., Uthman, Olalekan A., Westerman, Ronny, Younis, Mustafa Z., Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed, Zannad, Faiez, Roth, Gregory A., Wang, Haidong, Naghavi, Mohsen, Vos, Theo, Al Rabeeah, Abdullah A., Lopez, Alan D., and Murray, Christopher J. L. “Health in times of uncertainty in the eastern Mediterranean region, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013”. LANCET GLOBAL HEALTH 4.10 (2016): E704-E713.
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PMID: 28776251
Burden of vision loss in the Eastern Mediterranean region, 1990-2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study.
GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Vision Loss Collaborators, Mokdad AH, Safi S, Ahmadieh H, Katibeh M, Yaseri M, Ramezani A, Shahraz S, Moradi-Lakeh M, Khalil I, El Bcheraoui C, Collison M, Chew A, Daoud F, Krohn KJ, Rankin Z, Afshin A, Kassebaum NJ, Olsen HE, Stanaway JD, Wang H, Wilson K, Abyu GY, Al-Eyadhy A, Alam K, Alasfoor D, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Al-Raddadi R, Alsharif U, Altirkawi KA, Anber N, Ansari H, Anwari P, Asayesh H, Asgedom SW, Atey TM, Bacha U, Barac A, Bedi N, Butt ZA, Chitheer AA, Djalalinia S, Do Phuc H, Eshrati B, Farvid MS, Farzadfar F, Fereshtehnejad SM, Fischer F, Gebrehiwot TT, Hamadeh RR, Hamidi S, Higazi TB, Hsairi M, Jimenez-Corona A, John D, Jonas JB, Kasaeian A, Khader YS, Khan EA, Larson HJ, Latif AA, Lunevicius R, Magdy Abd El Razek H, Magdy Abd El Razek M, Majeed A, Malekzadeh R, McAlinden C, Memish ZA, Miller TR, Mohammadi SF, Nangia V, Nguyen CT, Le Nguyen Q, Ogbo FA, Pourmalek F, Qorbani M, Rafay A, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Rai RK, Rana SM, Rawaf DL, Rawaf S, Renzaho AMN, Rezaei S, Roshandel G, Safdarian M, Safiri S, Salamati P, Samy AM, Sartorius B, Sepanlou SG, Shaikh MA, Skiadaresi E, Sobaih BHA, Suliankatchi Abdulkader R, Taylor HR, Tehrani-Banihashemi A, Temsah MH, Topor-Madry R, Tran BX, Tsilimbaris M, Ukwaja KN, Uthman OA, Wakayo T, Yonemoto N, Younis MZ, Zaki MES, Jumaan AO, Vos T, Hay SI, Naghavi M, Murray CJL, Mokdad AH., Int J Public Health (), 2017
PMID: 28776250
Trends in HIV/AIDS morbidity and mortality in Eastern Mediterranean countries, 1990-2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study.
GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region HIV/AIDS Collaborators, Mokdad AH, El Bcheraoui C, Wang H, Charara R, Khalil I, Moradi-Lakeh M, Afshin A, Collison M, Daoud F, Chew A, Krohn KJ, Carter A, Foreman KJ, He F, Kassebaum NJ, Kutz M, Mirarefin M, Nguyen G, Silpakit N, Sligar A, Abajobir AA, Abate KH, Abbas KM, Abd-Allah F, Abera SF, Adane K, Agarwal A, Ahmad Kiadaliri A, Ahmadi A, Ahmed MB, Al Lami FH, Alam K, Alasfoor D, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Al-Maskari F, Al-Raddadi R, Altirkawi KA, Alvis-Guzman N, Ammar W, Anber N, Antonio CAT, Anwari P, Asayesh H, Asghar RJ, Atey TM, Avokpaho EFGA, Awoke Ayele T, Azzopardi P, Bacha U, Barac A, Barnighausen T, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Bedi N, Bensenor IM, Berhane A, Bessong PO, Beyene AS, Bhutta ZA, Birungi C, Butt ZA, Cahuana-Hurtado L, Danawi H, das Neves J, Deribe K, Deribew A, Des Jarlais DC, Dharmaratne SD, Djalalinia S, Doyle KE, Endries AY, Eshrati B, Faraon EJA, Farvid MS, Fereshtehnejad SM, Feyissa TR, Fischer F, Garcia-Basteiro AL, Gebrehiwot TT, Gesesew HA, Gishu MD, Glaser E, Gona PN, Gugnani HC, Gupta R, Haghparast Bidgoli H, Hailu GB, Hamadeh RR, Hambisa MT, Hamidi S, Harb HL, Hareri HA, Horita N, Husseini A, Ibrahim A, James SL, Jonas JB, Kasaeian A, Kassaw NA, Khader YS, Khan EA, Khan G, Khoja ATA, Khubchandani J, Kim YJ, Koyanagi A, Kuate Defo B, Larson HJ, Latif AA, Leshargie CT, Lunevicius R, Magdy Abd El Razek M, Majdzadeh R, Majeed A, Malekzadeh R, Manyazewal T, Markos D, Masoudi Farid H, Mehari A, Mekonnen AB, Memiah P, Memish ZA, Mendoza W, Mengesha MM, Mengistu DT, Mezgebe HB, Mhimbira FA, Miller TR, Moore AR, Mumtaz GR, Natarajan G, Negin J, Obermeyer CM, Ogbo FA, Oh IH, Ota E, Pereira DM, Pourmalek F, Qorbani M, Radfar A, Rafay A, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Rai RK, Ram U, Rawaf DL, Rawaf S, Renzaho AMN, Rezaei S, Rezai MS, Roba HS, Roshandel G, Safdarian M, Safiri S, Sahraian MA, Salamati P, Samy AM, Sartorius B, Sepanlou SG, Shaikh MA, Shamsizadeh M, Sibamo EL, Singh JA, Sobaih BHA, Soshnikov S, Sufiyan MB, Sykes BL, Taveira N, Tegegne TK, Tehrani-Banihashemi A, Tekelab T, Temam Shifa G, Temsah MH, Tesssema B, Topor-Madry R, Ukwaja KN, Uthman OA, Vollset SE, Wadilo F, Wakayo T, Woldu MA, Workicho A, Workie SB, Yaghoubi M, Yalew AZ, Yimam HH, Yonemoto N, Yoon SJ, Yotebieng M, Younis MZ, Zaki MES, Jumaan AO, Vos T, Hay SI, Naghavi M, Murray CJL, Mokdad AH., Int J Public Health (), 2017
PMID: 28776249
The burden of mental disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean region, 1990-2015: findings from the global burden of disease 2015 study.
GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Mental Health Collaborators, Mokdad AH, Charara R, El Bcheraoui C, Khalil I, Moradi-Lakeh M, Afshin A, Kassebaum NJ, Collison M, Krohn KJ, Chew A, Daoud F, Charlson FJ, Colombara D, Degenhardt L, Ehrenkranz R, Erskine HE, Ferrari AJ, Kutz M, Leung J, Santomauro D, Wang H, Whiteford HA, Abajobir AA, Abd-Allah F, Abraha HN, Abu-Raddad LJ, Ahmad Kiadaliri A, Ahmadi A, Ahmed KY, Ahmed MB, Al Lami FH, Alam K, Alasfoor D, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Alkaabi JM, Al-Maskari F, Al-Raddadi R, Altirkawi KA, Anber N, Ansari H, Asayesh H, Asghar RJ, Atey TM, Awoke Ayele T, Barnighausen T, Bacha U, Barac A, Barker-Collo SL, Baune BT, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Bedi N, Bensenor IM, Berhane A, Beyene AS, Bhutta ZA, Boneya DJ, Borschmann R, Breitborde NJK, Butt ZA, Catala-Lopez F, Ciobanu LG, Danawi H, Deribew A, Dharmaratne SD, Doyle KE, Endries AY, Faraon EJA, Faro A, Farvid MS, Fekadu W, Fereshtehnejad SM, Fischer F, Gebrehiwot TT, Giref AZ, Gishu MD, Goulart AC, Habtewold TD, Hamadeh RR, Hambisa MT, Hamidi S, Haro JM, Hassanvand MS, Horita N, Hsairi M, Huang H, Husseini A, Jakovljevic MB, James SL, Jonas JB, Kasaeian A, Khader YS, Khan EA, Khoja ATA, Khosravi A, Khubchandani J, Kim D, Kim YJ, Kokubo Y, Koyanagi A, Defo BK, Larson HJ, Latif AA, Lee PH, Leshargie CT, Leung R, Lo LT, Lunevicius R, Magdy Abd El Razek H, Magdy Abd El Razek M, Majdzadeh R, Majeed A, Malekzadeh R, Martinez-Raga J, Masoudi Farid H, Mazidi M, McGrath JJ, Memish ZA, Mendoza W, Mengesha MM, Mengistie MA, Mezgebe HB, Miller TR, Mitchell PB, Mohammadi A, Mohammed S, Obermeyer CM, Ogbo FA, Palomares Castillo E, Papachristou C, Patten SB, Patton GC, Pervaiz A, Phillips MR, Pourmalek F, Qorbani M, Radfar A, Rafay A, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Rai RK, Rawaf DL, Rawaf S, Refaat AH, Rezaei S, Rezai MS, Roshandel G, Safdarian M, Safiabadi M, Safiri S, Sagar R, Sahraian MA, Salamati P, Samy AM, Sartorius B, Saylan MI, Seedat S, Sepanlou SG, Shaikh MA, Shamsizadeh M, Silva DAS, Singh JA, Sobaih BHA, Stein DJ, Suliankatchi Abdulkader R, Sykes BL, Tabares-Seisdedos R, Tabb KM, Tehrani-Banihashemi A, Temsah MH, Terkawi AS, Topor-Madry R, Ukwaja KN, Uthman OA, Vollset SE, Wakayo T, Wang YP, Werdecker A, Westerman R, Workicho A, Yaghoubi M, Yimam HH, Yonemoto N, Younis MZ, Yu C, Zaki MES, Zein B, Jumaan AO, Vos T, Hay SI, Naghavi M, Murray CJL, Mokdad AH., Int J Public Health (), 2017
PMID: 28776247
Burden of lower respiratory infections in the Eastern Mediterranean Region between 1990 and 2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study.
GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region LRI Collaborators, Mokdad AH, Moradi-Lakeh M, El Bcheraoui C, Charara R, Khalil I, Afshin A, Kassebaum NJ, Collison M, Daoud F, Chew A, Krohn KJ, Colombara D, Ehrenkranz R, Foreman KJ, Frostad J, Godwin WW, Kutz M, Rao PC, Reiner R, Troeger C, Wang H, Abajobir AA, Abbas KM, Abera SF, Abu-Raddad LJ, Adane K, Kiadaliri AA, Ahmadi A, Ahmed MB, Al-Eyadhy A, Alam K, Alam N, Alasfoor D, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Al-Maskari F, Al-Raddadi R, Alsharif U, Altirkawi KA, Anber N, Ansari H, Antonio CAT, Anwari P, Asayesh H, Asgedom SW, Atey TM, Arthur Avokpaho EFG, Bacha U, Barac A, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Bedi N, Bhutta ZA, Brauer M, Butt ZA, Castaneda-Orjuela CA, Danawi H, Djalalinia S, Endries AY, Eshrati B, Farvid MS, Fereshtehnejad SM, Fischer F, Garcia-Basteiro AL, Gebrehiwot KT, Gebrehiwot TT, Hailu GB, Hamadeh RR, Hambisa MT, Hamidi S, Hassanvand MS, Hedayati MT, Horita N, Husseini A, James SL, Javanbakht M, Jonas JB, Kasaeian A, Khader YS, Khan EA, Khan G, Khoja ATA, Khubchandani J, Kim YJ, Kissoon N, Larson HJ, Latif AA, Leshargie CT, Lunevicius R, Abd El Razek HM, Abd El Razek MM, Majdzadeh R, Majeed A, Malekzadeh R, Masoudi Farid H, Mehari A, Memish ZA, Mengistu DT, Mezgebe HB, Nakamura S, Oren E, Mahesh PA, Pourmalek F, Qorbani M, Radfar A, Rafay A, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Rai RK, Rawaf DL, Rawaf S, Refaat AH, Rezaei S, Rezai MS, Roba HS, Roshandel G, Safdarian M, Safiri S, Sahraian MA, Salamati P, Samy AM, Sartorius B, Sepanlou SG, Shaikh MA, Shamsizadeh M, Shigematsu M, Singh JA, Sufiyan MB, Tehrani-Banihashemi A, Temsah MH, Topor-Madry R, Uthman OA, Vollset SE, Wadilo F, Wakayo T, Werdecker A, Wijeratne T, Yaghoubi M, Yimam HH, Yonemoto N, Younis MZ, Zaki MES, Jumaan AO, Vos T, Hay SI, Naghavi M, Murray CJL, Mokdad AH., Int J Public Health (), 2017
PMID: 28776246
Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study.
GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Obesity Collaborators, Mokdad AH, El Bcheraoui C, Afshin A, Charara R, Khalil I, Moradi-Lakeh M, Kassebaum NJ, Collison M, Daoud F, Krohn KJ, Chew A, Biryukov SH, Cornaby L, Foreman KJ, Kutz M, Liu P, Reitsma M, Sur P, Wang H, Zipkin B, Arnlov J, Abbafati C, Abdulle AM, Abu-Rmeileh NME, Ahmed MB, Al-Aly Z, Alam K, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Alkerwi A, Altirkawi KA, Alvis-Guzman N, Baune BT, Bedi N, Bennett DA, Bhutta ZA, Birhanu MM, Danawi H, Fereshtehnejad SM, Gebrehiwot TT, Gill PS, Gona PN, Gupta V, Habtewold TD, Hamadeh RR, Hamidi S, Hareri HA, Horino M, Hsairi M, Javanbakht M, John D, Jonas JB, Joshua V, Khader YS, Khan EA, Khubchandani J, Kim YJ, Kinfu Y, Kokubo Y, Larson HJ, Lee PH, Lunevicius R, Magdy Abd El Razek H, Magdy Abd El Razek M, Malekzadeh R, Mate KK, Memish ZA, Mengistie MA, Mensah GA, Ogbo FA, Pourmalek F, Rafay A, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Rana SM, Rawaf S, Renzaho AMNN, Rezaei S, Rezai MS, Safdarian M, Sahraian MA, Salamati P, Sanabria JR, Santric Milicevic MM, Sartorius B, Sepanlou SG, Shaikh MA, Shiri R, Silva DAS, Singh JA, Terkawi AS, Tiruye TY, Ukwaja KN, Vlassov VV, Wakayo T, Werdecker A, Yonemoto N, Younis MZ, Zein B, Jumaan AO, Vos T, Hay SI, Naghavi M, Murray CJL, Mokdad AH., Int J Public Health (), 2017
PMID: 28776243
Neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality and morbidity burden in the Eastern Mediterranean region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study.
GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Neonatal, Infant, and under-5 Mortality Collaborators, Mokdad AH, Khalil I, Collison M, El Bcheraoui C, Charara R, Moradi-Lakeh M, Afshin A, Krohn KJ, Daoud F, Chew A, Kassebaum NJ, Colombara D, Cornaby L, Ehrenkranz R, Foreman KJ, Fraser M, Frostad J, Kemmer L, Kulikoff XR, Kutz M, Kyu HH, Liu P, Mikesell J, Nguyen G, Rao PC, Silpakit N, Sligar A, Smith A, Stanaway JD, Arnlov J, Abate KH, Ahmad Kiadaliri A, Alam K, Alasfoor D, Ali R, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Al-Raddadi R, Altirkawi KA, Alvis-Guzman N, Anber N, Ansari H, Antonio CAT, Anwari P, Artaman A, Asayesh H, Asgedom SW, Azzopardi P, Bacha U, Barac A, Barker-Collo SL, Bedi N, Beghi E, Bennett DA, Bhutta ZA, Bisanzio D, Castaneda-Orjuela CA, Castro RE, Danawi H, Deribe K, Deribew A, Des Jarlais DC, deVeber GA, Dey S, Dharmaratne SD, Djalalinia S, Do HP, Esteghamati A, Farvid MS, Fereshtehnejad SM, Fischer F, Gebrehiwot TT, Giussani G, Gona PN, Hafezi-Nejad N, Hamadeh RR, Hamidi S, Hoy DG, Hu G, John D, Jonas JB, Karimi SM, Kasaeian A, Khader YS, Khan EA, Khan G, Kim D, Kim YJ, Kinfu Y, Larson HJ, Latif AA, Leasher JL, Lunevicius R, Magdy Abd El Razek H, Magdy Abd El Razek M, Majeed A, Malekzadeh R, Memish ZA, Mendoza W, Mezgebe HB, Miller TR, Monasta L, Le Nguyen Q, Obermeyer CM, Ortiz A, Papachristou C, Park EK, Pereira CC, Petzold M, Phillips MR, Pourmalek F, Qorbani M, Rafay A, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Rai RK, Rana SM, Rawaf DL, Rawaf S, Renzaho AMN, Rezaei S, Rezai MS, Ronfani L, Roshandel G, Ruhago GM, Safdarian M, Safiri S, Sahraian MA, Salamati P, Samy AM, Sanabria JR, Sartorius B, Schwebel DC, Seedat S, Sepanlou SG, Setegn T, Shaheen A, Shaikh MA, Shamsizadeh M, Shiri R, Skirbekk V, Sobaih BHA, Sreeramareddy CT, Stathopoulou V, Suliankatchi Abdulkader R, Tehrani-Banihashemi A, Temsah MH, Thakur JS, Thomson AJ, Tran BX, Truelsen T, Ukwaja KN, Uthman OA, Vasankari T, Vlassov VV, Weiderpass E, Weintraub RG, Werdecker A, Yaghoubi M, Yaseri M, Yonemoto N, Younis MZ, Yu C, Jumaan AO, Vos T, Hay SI, Naghavi M, Wang H, Murray CJL., Int J Public Health (), 2017
PMID: 28776242
Diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study.
GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Diabetes and CKD Collaborators, Mokdad AH, Moradi-Lakeh M, El Bcheraoui C, Khalil I, Charara R, Afshin A, Wang H, Collison M, Krohn KJ, Chew A, Daoud F, Blosser CD, Cornaby L, Foreman KJ, Kassebaum NJ, Kemmer L, Kutz M, Liu P, Zipkin B, Arnlov J, Abate KH, Ahmadi A, Ahmadieh H, Ahmed MB, Al-Aly Z, Alam K, Alasfoor D, Ali R, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Alkaabi JM, Alkerwi A, Al-Raddadi R, Altirkawi KA, Alvis-Guzman N, Amini E, Anber N, Anwari P, Asgedom SW, Atey TM, Avila-Burgos L, Awasthi A, Azzopardi P, Barnighausen T, Bacha U, Barac A, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Bedi N, Berhe DF, Beyene AS, Bhutta ZA, Bikbov B, Birhanu MM, Butt ZA, Cahuana-Hurtado L, Carpenter DO, Carrero JJ, Choi JJ, Danawi H, Dharmaratne SD, Ding EL, Djalalinia S, Doyle KE, Ebrahimi H, Endries AY, Esteghamati A, Farvid MS, Fereshtehnejad SM, Feyissa TR, Fischer F, Gebrehiwot TT, Gona PN, Gopalani SV, Horino M, Hsairi M, Jonas MB, Jimenez-Corona A, John D, Jonas JB, Kasaeian A, Kengne AP, Khan EB, Kim D, Kim YJ, Kinfu Y, Kissimova-Skarbek KA, Koyanagi A, Larson HJ, Larsson A, Li Y, Lotufo PA, Lunevicius R, Majeed A, Malekzadeh R, Malta DC, Mazidi M, Memish ZA, Mendoza W, Mengistie MA, Mezgebe HB, Miller TR, Mohammed MSK, Mohammed S, Mueller UO, Nagel G, Nguyen CT, Nguyen QL, Nong VM, Noubiap JJN, Ogbo FA, Ortiz A, Ota E, Patel T, Pearson-Stuttard J, Perico N, Petzold M, Pishgar F, Pourmalek F, Qorbani M, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Rai RK, Rana SM, Rawaf DL, Rawaf S, Remuzzi G, Renzaho AMN, Rezaei S, Roshandel G, Rothenbacher D, Safdarian M, Safi S, Safiri S, Sahraian MA, Salamati P, Samy AM, Sanabria JR, Sanchez-Nino MD, Santric Milicevic MM, Sartorius B, Sepanlou SG, Shaikh MA, Silva DAS, Silveira DGA, Sobaih BHA, Suliankatchi Abdulkader R, Tabares-Seisdedos R, Tehrani-Banihashemi A, Temsah MH, Topor-Madry R, Tran BX, Ukwaja KN, Uthman OA, van Boven JFM, Wakayo T, Werdecker A, Workicho A, Yaghoubi M, Yano Y, Yaseri M, Yonemoto N, Younis MZ, Zein B, Zhang AL, Jumaan AO, Vos T, Hay SI, Naghavi M, Murray CJL, Mokdad AH., Int J Public Health (), 2017
PMID: 28776240
Burden of diarrhea in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2015: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study.
GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Diarrhea Collaborators, Mokdad AH, Khalil I, El Bcheraoui C, Charara R, Moradi-Lakeh M, Afshin A, Kassebaum NJ, Collison M, Chew A, Krohn KJ, Daoud F, Colombara D, Foreman KJ, Godwin WW, Kutz M, Mirarefin M, Rao PC, Reiner R, Troeger C, Wang H, Abraha HN, Abu-Elyazeed R, Abu-Raddad LJ, Ahmad Kiadaliri A, Ahmadi A, Ahmed MB, Alam K, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Al-Raddadi R, Altirkawi KA, Alvis-Guzman N, Anber N, Anwari P, Atey TM, Avokpaho EFGA, Bacha U, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Bedi N, Bensenor IM, Berhane A, Bessong PO, Beyene AS, Bhutta ZA, Buckle GC, Butt ZA, Danawi H, Deribew A, Djalalinia S, Dubey M, Endries AY, Eshrati B, Fereshtehnejad SM, Fischer F, Gebrehiwot TT, Gugnani HC, Hamadeh RR, Hamidi S, Husseini A, James SL, Jonas JB, Khader YS, Khan EA, Khan G, Khubchandani J, Kissoon N, Kopec JA, Koyanagi A, Kuate Defo B, Larson HJ, Latif AA, Lunevicius R, Magdy Abd El Razek H, Magdy Abd El Razek M, Majdzadeh R, Majeed A, Malekzadeh R, Memiah P, Memish ZA, Mendoza W, Mengistu DT, Mohammed S, Murthy S, Ngunjiri JW, Ogbo FA, Pourmalek F, Radfar A, Rafay A, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Rai RK, Ram U, Rawaf DL, Rawaf S, Renzaho AMN, Rezaei S, Roshandel G, Safdarian M, Sahraian MA, Salamati P, Samy AM, Sanabria JR, Sartorius B, Sepanlou SG, Shaikh MA, Shigematsu M, Sobaih BHA, Sreeramareddy CT, Sykes BL, Tehrani-Banihashemi A, Temsah MH, Terkawi AS, Tiruye TY, Topor-Madry R, Ukwaja KN, Vollset SE, Wakayo T, Werdecker A, Wiysonge CS, Workicho A, Yaghoubi M, Yaseri M, Yenesew M, Yonemoto N, Younis MZ, Zaki MES, Zein B, Zodpey S, Jumaan AO, Vos T, Hay SI, Naghavi M, Murray CJL, Mokdad AH., Int J Public Health (), 2017
PMID: 28776239
Danger ahead: the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2015.
GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Collaborators, Mokdad AH, El Bcheraoui C, Charara R, Khalil IA, Moradi-Lakeh M, Afshin A, Collison M, Daoud F, Krohn KJ, Chew A, Biryukov S, Casey D, Cercy K, Charlson FJ, Cornaby L, Dicker D, Erskine HE, Ferrari AJ, Fitzmaurice C, Foreman KJ, Fraser M, Frostad J, Godwin WW, Griswold M, Kassebaum NJ, Kemmer L, Kutz M, Kyu HH, Leung J, Liu P, Mikesell J, Nguyen G, Olsen HE, Reiner R, Reitsma M, Roth G, Santomauro D, Smith A, Stanaway JD, Sur P, Wang H, Whiteford HA, Afifi R, Kiadaliri AA, Ahmadi A, Ahmadieh H, Alam K, Alam N, Ali R, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Al-Raddadi R, Altirkawi KA, Anber N, Ansari H, Anwari P, Asayesh H, Asgedom SW, Atey TM, Bacha U, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Bedi N, Bhutta ZA, Bisanzio D, Butt ZA, Deribew A, Djalalinia S, Eshrati B, Esteghamati A, Farvid MS, Farzadfar F, Fereshtehnejad SM, Fischer F, Gebrehiwot TT, Hafezi-Nejad N, Hamadeh RR, Hamidi S, Hotez PJ, Hsairi M, Jonas JB, Kasaeian A, Khader YS, Khan EA, Khan G, Khoja ATA, Khoja TAM, Khubchandani J, Kopec JA, Larson HJ, Lunevicius R, Magdy Abd El Razek H, Magdy Abd El Razek M, Majdzadeh R, Majeed A, Malekzadeh R, Memish ZA, Nasher JT, Obermeyer CM, Pourmalek F, Qorbani M, Radfar A, Rafay A, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Rai RK, Rawaf DL, Rawaf S, Refaat AH, Rezaei S, Roshandel G, Safdarian M, Safi S, Safiri S, Sahraian MA, Salamati P, Samy AM, Sartorius B, Sepanlou SG, Shaikh MA, Shamsizadeh M, Sobaih BHA, Suliankatchi Abdulkader R, Tehrani-Banihashemi A, Temsah MH, Terkawi AS, Topor-Madry R, Uthman OA, Vollset SE, Werdecker A, Yaghoubi M, Yaseri M, Younis MZ, Zaki MES, Zein B, Jumaan AO, Vos T, Hay SI, Naghavi M, Murray CJL, Mokdad AH., Int J Public Health (), 2017
PMID: 28776238
Modeling spatio-temporal variations of substance abuse mortality in Iran using a log-Gaussian Cox point process.
Rostami M, Mohammadi Y, Jalilian A, Nazparvar B., Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol 22(), 2017
PMID: 28760264
Cancer Research in the Arab World: A review of publications from seven countries between 2000-2013.
Hamadeh RR, Borgan SM, Sibai AM., Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J 17(2), 2017
PMID: 28690885
Measuring Iran's success in achieving Millennium Development Goal 4: a systematic analysis of under-5 mortality at national and subnational levels from 1990 to 2015.
Mohammadi Y, Parsaeian M, Mehdipour P, Khosravi A, Larijani B, Sheidaei A, Mansouri A, Kasaeian A, Yazdani K, Moradi-Lakeh M, Kazemi E, Aghamohamadi S, Rezaei N, Chegini M, Haghshenas R, Jamshidi H, Delavari F, Asadi-Lari M, Farzadfar F., Lancet Glob Health 5(5), 2017
PMID: 28363513
Profile of cancer in the Eastern Mediterranean region: The need for action.
Kulhanova I, Bray F, Fadhil I, Al-Zahrani AS, El-Basmy A, Anwar WA, Al-Omari A, Shamseddine A, Znaor A, Soerjomataram I., Cancer Epidemiol 47(), 2017
PMID: 28268206
Hospitalizations for communicable diseases in a developing country: prevalence and trends-Monastir, Tunisia, 2002-2013.
Ben Fredj M, Sriha Belguith A, Abroug H, Dhouib W, El Mhamdi S, Ben Salah A, Bouanene I, Amara A, Bhiri S, Sahtout M, Loussaief C, Soussi Soltani M., Int. J. Infect. Dis. 55(), 2017
PMID: 28104505
The Burden of Mental Disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2013.
Charara R, Forouzanfar M, Naghavi M, Moradi-Lakeh M, Afshin A, Vos T, Daoud F, Wang H, El Bcheraoui C, Khalil I, Hamadeh RR, Khosravi A, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Khader Y, Al-Hamad N, Makhlouf Obermeyer C, Rafay A, Asghar R, Rana SM, Shaheen A, Abu-Rmeileh NM, Husseini A, Abu-Raddad LJ, Khoja T, Al Rayess ZA, AlBuhairan FS, Hsairi M, Alomari MA, Ali R, Roshandel G, Terkawi AS, Hamidi S, Refaat AH, Westerman R, Kiadaliri AA, Akanda AS, Ali SD, Bacha U, Badawi A, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Faghmous IA, Fereshtehnejad SM, Fischer F, Jonas JB, Kuate Defo B, Mehari A, Omer SB, Pourmalek F, Uthman OA, Mokdad AA, Maalouf FT, Abd-Allah F, Akseer N, Arya D, Borschmann R, Brazinova A, Brugha TS, Catala-Lopez F, Degenhardt L, Ferrari A, Haro JM, Horino M, Hornberger JC, Huang H, Kieling C, Kim D, Kim Y, Knudsen AK, Mitchell PB, Patton G, Sagar R, Satpathy M, Savuon K, Seedat S, Shiue I, Skogen JC, Stein DJ, Tabb KM, Whiteford HA, Yip P, Yonemoto N, Murray CJ, Mokdad AH., PLoS ONE 12(1), 2017
PMID: 28095477

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PMID: 27568068
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