Partial Horizontal Differentiation in Croatian Higher Education: How ideas, institutions and interests shape the policy process

Brankovic J, Vukasovic M (2016)
In: Policy Analysis of Structural Reforms in Higher Education: Process and Outcomes. Huisman J, de Boer H, Westerheijden DF, Vukasovic M, Seeber M (Eds); Palgrave Studies in Global Higher Education. Palgrave Macmillian.

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Huisman, Jeroen ; de Boer, Harry ; Westerheijden, Don F. ; Vukasovic, Martina ; Seeber, Marco
Abstract
This chapter looks into the historical process of establishing and strengthening of the non-university sector in Croatia since the mid-1990s onwards and offers an account of its outcome. Initially, the process was part of the country’s broader efforts not only to ensure regionally balanced development, but also to improve quality, efficiency and accessibility to higher education. Since 2001, it was further embedded in broader higher education reform efforts, especially the implementation of the Bologna Process. This reform entailed, on the one hand, the establishment of non-university – professionally oriented – higher education institutions and, on the other hand, a gradual abolishment of professional study programmes in universities. The authors suggest that only a small part of the reform goals have been achieved, whereby some non-university institutions have been established and the number of students enrolled in professional programmes at universities has somewhat decreased. Effectively, the reform failed to align the distinction between types of higher education institutions and types of programmes, rendering the binary divide, at best, blurred. The authors argue that such outcome has been a result of, on the one hand, the governments’ reliance on formal regulation as the main policy instrument, which allowed for discretion in interpretation and enforcement of rules, and, on the other hand, the fact that the most dominant actor – universities – has continuously opposed the reforms.
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Brankovic J, Vukasovic M. Partial Horizontal Differentiation in Croatian Higher Education: How ideas, institutions and interests shape the policy process. In: Huisman J, de Boer H, Westerheijden DF, Vukasovic M, Seeber M, eds. Policy Analysis of Structural Reforms in Higher Education: Process and Outcomes. Palgrave Studies in Global Higher Education. Palgrave Macmillian; 2016.
Brankovic, J., & Vukasovic, M. (2016). Partial Horizontal Differentiation in Croatian Higher Education: How ideas, institutions and interests shape the policy process. In J. Huisman, H. de Boer, D. F. Westerheijden, M. Vukasovic, & M. Seeber (Eds.), Palgrave Studies in Global Higher Education. Policy Analysis of Structural Reforms in Higher Education: Process and Outcomes Palgrave Macmillian. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-42237-4_3
Brankovic, J., and Vukasovic, M. (2016). “Partial Horizontal Differentiation in Croatian Higher Education: How ideas, institutions and interests shape the policy process” in Policy Analysis of Structural Reforms in Higher Education: Process and Outcomes, Huisman, J., de Boer, H., Westerheijden, D. F., Vukasovic, M., and Seeber, M. eds. Palgrave Studies in Global Higher Education (Palgrave Macmillian).
Brankovic, J., & Vukasovic, M., 2016. Partial Horizontal Differentiation in Croatian Higher Education: How ideas, institutions and interests shape the policy process. In J. Huisman, et al., eds. Policy Analysis of Structural Reforms in Higher Education: Process and Outcomes. Palgrave Studies in Global Higher Education. Palgrave Macmillian.
J. Brankovic and M. Vukasovic, “Partial Horizontal Differentiation in Croatian Higher Education: How ideas, institutions and interests shape the policy process”, Policy Analysis of Structural Reforms in Higher Education: Process and Outcomes, J. Huisman, et al., eds., Palgrave Studies in Global Higher Education, Palgrave Macmillian, 2016.
Brankovic, J., Vukasovic, M.: Partial Horizontal Differentiation in Croatian Higher Education: How ideas, institutions and interests shape the policy process. In: Huisman, J., de Boer, H., Westerheijden, D.F., Vukasovic, M., and Seeber, M. (eds.) Policy Analysis of Structural Reforms in Higher Education: Process and Outcomes. Palgrave Studies in Global Higher Education. Palgrave Macmillian (2016).
Brankovic, Jelena, and Vukasovic, Martina. “Partial Horizontal Differentiation in Croatian Higher Education: How ideas, institutions and interests shape the policy process”. Policy Analysis of Structural Reforms in Higher Education: Process and Outcomes. Ed. Jeroen Huisman, Harry de Boer, Don F. Westerheijden, Martina Vukasovic, and Marco Seeber. Palgrave Macmillian, 2016. Palgrave Studies in Global Higher Education.
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