Episodic Short-Term Recognition Requires Encoding into Visual Working Memory: Evidence from Probe Recognition after Letter Report

Poth CH, Schneider WX (2016)
Frontiers in Psychology 7: 1440.

Download
OA 1.44 MB
Journal Article | Original Article | Published | English
Abstract / Notes
Human vision is organized in discrete processing episodes (e.g., eye fixations or task-steps). Object information must be transmitted across episodes to enable episodic short-term recognition: recognizing whether a current object has been seen in a previous episode. We ask whether episodic short-term recognition presupposes that objects have been encoded into capacity-limited visual working memory (VWM), which retains visual information for report. Alternatively, it could rely on the activation of visual features or categories that occurs before encoding into VWM. We assessed the dependence of episodic short-term recognition on VWM by a new paradigm combining letter report and probe recognition. Participants viewed displays of 10 letters and reported as many as possible after a retention interval (whole report). Next, participants viewed a probe letter and indicated whether it had been one of the 10 letters (probe recognition). In Experiment 1, probe recognition was more accurate for letters that had been encoded into VWM (reported letters) compared with non-encoded letters (non-reported letters). Interestingly, those letters that participants reported in their whole report had been near to one another within the letter displays. This suggests that the encoding into VWM proceeded in a spatially clustered manner. In Experiment 2, participants reported only one of 10 letters (partial report) and probes either referred to this letter, to letters that had been near to it, or far from it. Probe recognition was more accurate for near than for far letters, although none of these letters had to be reported. These findings indicate that episodic short-term recognition is constrained to a small number of simultaneously presented objects that have been encoded into VWM.
Publishing Year
ISSN
Financial disclosure
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
PUB-ID

Cite this

Poth CH, Schneider WX. Episodic Short-Term Recognition Requires Encoding into Visual Working Memory: Evidence from Probe Recognition after Letter Report. Frontiers in Psychology. 2016;7: 1440.
Poth, C. H., & Schneider, W. X. (2016). Episodic Short-Term Recognition Requires Encoding into Visual Working Memory: Evidence from Probe Recognition after Letter Report. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1440. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01440
Poth, C. H., and Schneider, W. X. (2016). Episodic Short-Term Recognition Requires Encoding into Visual Working Memory: Evidence from Probe Recognition after Letter Report. Frontiers in Psychology 7:1440.
Poth, C.H., & Schneider, W.X., 2016. Episodic Short-Term Recognition Requires Encoding into Visual Working Memory: Evidence from Probe Recognition after Letter Report. Frontiers in Psychology, 7: 1440.
C.H. Poth and W.X. Schneider, “Episodic Short-Term Recognition Requires Encoding into Visual Working Memory: Evidence from Probe Recognition after Letter Report”, Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 7, 2016, : 1440.
Poth, C.H., Schneider, W.X.: Episodic Short-Term Recognition Requires Encoding into Visual Working Memory: Evidence from Probe Recognition after Letter Report. Frontiers in Psychology. 7, : 1440 (2016).
Poth, Christian H., and Schneider, Werner X. “Episodic Short-Term Recognition Requires Encoding into Visual Working Memory: Evidence from Probe Recognition after Letter Report”. Frontiers in Psychology 7 (2016): 1440.
All files available under the following license(s):
Copyright Statement:
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. [...]
Main File(s)
File Name
Access Level
OA Open Access
Last Uploaded
2016-10-05T07:17:16Z

This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

1 Citation in Europe PMC

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Ultrahigh temporal resolution of visual presentation using gaming monitors and G-Sync.
Poth CH, Foerster RM, Behler C, Schwanecke U, Schneider WX, Botsch M., Behav Res Methods (), 2018
PMID: 29340970

19 References

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

EPS Mid-Career Award 2004: brain mechanisms of attention.
Duncan J., Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 59(1), 2006
PMID: 16556554
Large capacity temporary visual memory.
Endress AD, Potter MC., J Exp Psychol Gen 143(2), 2014
PMID: 23937181
Neurocognitive Architecture of Working Memory.
Eriksson J, Vogel EK, Lansner A, Bergstrom F, Nyberg L., Neuron 88(1), 2015
PMID: 26447571
Direct Evidence for Active Suppression of Salient-but-Irrelevant Sensory Inputs.
Gaspelin N, Leonard CJ, Luck SJ., Psychol Sci 26(11), 2015
PMID: 26420441
Dynamic shifts of limited working memory resources in human vision.
Bays PM, Husain M., Science 321(5890), 2008
PMID: 18687968
Multiple neural states of representation in short-term memory? It's a matter of attention.
Larocque JJ, Lewis-Peacock JA, Postle BR., Front Hum Neurosci 8(), 2014
PMID: 24478671
Visual working memory capacity: from psychophysics and neurobiology to individual differences.
Luck SJ, Vogel EK., Trends Cogn. Sci. (Regul. Ed.) 17(8), 2013
PMID: 23850263
Changing concepts of working memory.
Ma WJ, Husain M, Bays PM., Nat. Neurosci. 17(3), 2014
PMID: 24569831
Short-term memory scanning viewed as exemplar-based categorization.
Nosofsky RM, Little DR, Donkin C, Fific M., Psychol Rev 118(2), 2011
PMID: 21355662
Working memory retrieval as a decision process.
Pearson B, Raskevicius J, Bays PM, Pertzov Y, Husain M., J Vis 14(2), 2014
PMID: 24492597
The cognitive neuroscience of visual short-term memory.
Postle BR., Curr Opin Behav Sci 1(), 2015
PMID: 26516631
Breaking Object Correspondence Across Saccadic Eye Movements Deteriorates Object Recognition.
Poth CH, Herwig A, Schneider WX., Front Syst Neurosci 9(), 2015
PMID: 26732235
Effects of monitoring for visual events on distinct components of attention.
Poth CH, Petersen A, Bundesen C, Schneider WX., Front Psychol 5(), 2014
PMID: 25191303
Selective visual processing across competition episodes: a theory of task-driven visual attention and working memory.
Schneider WX., Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. 368(1628), 2013
PMID: 24018722
'Activity-silent' working memory in prefrontal cortex: a dynamic coding framework.
Stokes MG., Trends Cogn. Sci. (Regul. Ed.) 19(7), 2015
PMID: 26051384
Peripheral vision and pattern recognition: a review.
Strasburger H, Rentschler I, Juttner M., J Vis 11(5), 2011
PMID: 22207654

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

View record in Web of Science®

Sources

PMID: 27713722
PubMed | Europe PMC

Search this title in

Google Scholar