Distractor Dwelling, Skipping, and Revisiting Determine Target Absent Performance in Difficult Visual Search

Horstmann G, Herwig A, Becker SI (2016)
Frontiers in Psychology 7: 1152.

Download
OA 2.21 MB
Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
Volltext vorhanden für diesen Nachweis
Autor
Abstract / Bemerkung
Some targets in visual search are more difficult to find than others. In particular, a target that is similar to the distractors is more difficult to find than a target that is dissimilar to the distractors. Efficiency differences between easy and difficult searches are manifest not only in target-present trials but also in target-absent trials. In fact, even physically identical displays are searched through with different efficiency depending on the searched-for target. Here, we monitored eye movements in search for a target similar to the distractors (difficult search) versus a target dissimilar to the distractors (easy search). We aimed to examine three hypotheses concerning the causes of differential search efficiencies in target-absent trials: (a) distractor dwelling (b) distractor skipping, and (c) distractor revisiting. Reaction times increased with target similarity which is consistent with existing theories and replicates earlier results. Eye movement data indicated guidance in target trials, even though search was very slow. Dwelling, skipping, and revisiting contributed to low search efficiency in difficult search, with dwelling being the strongest factor. It is argued that differences in dwell time account for a large amount of total search time differences.
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
Frontiers in Psychology
Band
7
Artikelnummer
1152
ISSN
Finanzierungs-Informationen
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
PUB-ID

Zitieren

Horstmann G, Herwig A, Becker SI. Distractor Dwelling, Skipping, and Revisiting Determine Target Absent Performance in Difficult Visual Search. Frontiers in Psychology. 2016;7: 1152.
Horstmann, G., Herwig, A., & Becker, S. I. (2016). Distractor Dwelling, Skipping, and Revisiting Determine Target Absent Performance in Difficult Visual Search. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1152. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01152
Horstmann, G., Herwig, A., and Becker, S. I. (2016). Distractor Dwelling, Skipping, and Revisiting Determine Target Absent Performance in Difficult Visual Search. Frontiers in Psychology 7:1152.
Horstmann, G., Herwig, A., & Becker, S.I., 2016. Distractor Dwelling, Skipping, and Revisiting Determine Target Absent Performance in Difficult Visual Search. Frontiers in Psychology, 7: 1152.
G. Horstmann, A. Herwig, and S.I. Becker, “Distractor Dwelling, Skipping, and Revisiting Determine Target Absent Performance in Difficult Visual Search”, Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 7, 2016, : 1152.
Horstmann, G., Herwig, A., Becker, S.I.: Distractor Dwelling, Skipping, and Revisiting Determine Target Absent Performance in Difficult Visual Search. Frontiers in Psychology. 7, : 1152 (2016).
Horstmann, Gernot, Herwig, Arvid, and Becker, Stefanie I. “Distractor Dwelling, Skipping, and Revisiting Determine Target Absent Performance in Difficult Visual Search”. Frontiers in Psychology 7 (2016): 1152.
Alle Dateien verfügbar unter der/den folgenden Lizenz(en):
Copyright Statement:
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. [...]
Volltext(e)
Access Level
OA Open Access
Zuletzt Hochgeladen
2017-03-13T09:38:59Z

Link(s) zu Volltext(en)
Access Level
Restricted Closed Access

1 Zitation in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Developmental effects of stimulus gender and the social context in which it appears on threat detection.
Horovitz O, Lindenfeld I, Melamed M, Shechner T., Br J Dev Psychol (), 2017
PMID: 29266313

32 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Visual similarity effects in categorical search.
Alexander RG, Zelinsky GJ., J Vis 11(8), 2011
PMID: 21757505
Overriding stimulus-driven attentional capture.
Bacon WF, Egeth HE., Percept Psychophys 55(5), 1994
PMID: 8008550
Directing attention in the visual field.
Duncan J., Percept Psychophys 30(1), 1981
PMID: 7290900
Visual search and stimulus similarity.
Duncan J, Humphreys GW., Psychol Rev 96(3), 1989
PMID: 2756067
Refixation frequency and memory mechanisms in visual search.
Gilchrist ID, Harvey M., Curr. Biol. 10(19), 2000
PMID: 11050390
Pattern-recognition and eye-movement parameters.
Gould J.., 1967
Control of fixation duration in a simple search task.
Hooge IT, Erkelens CJ., Percept Psychophys 58(7), 1996
PMID: 8920834
Adjustment of fixation duration in visual search.
Hooge IT, Erkelens CJ., Vision Res. 38(9), 1998
PMID: 9666997
Visual search has no memory.
Horowitz TS, Wolfe JM., Nature 394(6693), 1998
PMID: 9707117
The impending demise of the item in visual search.
Hulleman J., Olivers C.., 2016
Search via Recursive Rejection (SERR): a connectionist model of visual search.
Humphreys G., Müller H.., 1993
Top-down attention selection is fine grained.
Navalpakkam V, Itti L., J Vis 6(11), 2006
PMID: 17209728
VISUAL SEARCH.
NEISSER U., Sci. Am. 210(), 1964
PMID: 14183749
The face in the crowd revisited: a threat advantage with schematic stimuli.
Ohman A, Lundqvist D, Esteves F., J Pers Soc Psychol 80(3), 2001
PMID: 11300573
Different states in visual working memory: when it guides attention and when it does not.
Olivers CN, Peters J, Houtkamp R, Roelfsema PR., Trends Cogn. Sci. (Regul. Ed.) 15(7), 2011
PMID: 21665518
Target-distractor discriminability in visual search.
Pashler H.., 1987
Visual search has memory.
Peterson MS, Kramer AF, Wang RF, Irwin DE, McCarley JS., Psychol Sci 12(4), 2001
PMID: 11476094
VAM: a neuro-cognitive model for visual attention control of segmentation, object recognition, and space-based motor action.
Schneider W.., 1995
Attentional selection in visual perception, memory and action: a quest for cross-domain integration.
Schneider WX, Einhauser W, Horstmann G., Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. 368(1628), 2013
PMID: 24018715
Top-down and bottom-up control of visual selection.
Theeuwes J., Acta Psychol (Amst) 135(2), 2010
PMID: 20507828
The NimStim set of facial expressions: judgments from untrained research participants.
Tottenham N, Tanaka JW, Leon AC, McCarry T, Nurse M, Hare TA, Marcus DJ, Westerlund A, Casey BJ, Nelson C., Psychiatry Res 168(3), 2009
PMID: 19564050
Guided Search 2.0 A revised model of visual search.
Wolfe JM., Psychon Bull Rev 1(2), 1994
PMID: 24203471
What do 1,000,000 trials tell us about visual search?
Wolfe J.., 1998
Guided search 4.0: current progress with a model of visual search
Wolfe J.., 2007
A theory of eye movements during target acquisition.
Zelinsky GJ., Psychol Rev 115(4), 2008
PMID: 18954205

Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®

Quellen

PMID: 27574510
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar