Factors associated with secondhand smoke exposure in different settings: Results from the German Health Update (GEDA) 2012

Fischer F, Krämer A (2016)
BMC Public Health 16: 327.

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Journal Article | Original Article | Published | English
Abstract
Background The ubiquity of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure at home or in private establishments, workplaces and public areas poses several challenges for the reduction of SHS exposure. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of SHS exposure in Germany and key factors associated with exposure. Results were also differentiated by place of exposure. Methods A secondary data analysis based on the public use file of the German Health Update 2012 was conducted (n = 13,933). Only non-smokers were included in the analysis. In a multivariable logistic regression model the factors associated with SHS exposure were calculated. In addition, a further set of multivariable logistic regressions were calculated for factors associated with the place of SHS exposure (workplace, at home, bars/discotheques, restaurants, at the house of a friend). Results More than a quarter of non-smoking study participants were exposed to SHS. The main area of exposure was the workplace (40.9 %). The multivariable logistic regression indicated young age as the most important factor associated with SHS exposure. The odds for SHS exposure was higher in men than in women. The likelihood of SHS exposure decreased with higher education. SHS exposure and the associated factors varied between different places of exposure. Conclusions Despite several actions to protect non-smokers which were implemented in Germany during the past years, SHS exposure still remains a relevant risk factor at a population level. According to the results of this study, particularly the workplace and other public places such as bars and discotheques have to be taken into account for the development of strategies to reduce SHS exposure.
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Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
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Fischer F, Krämer A. Factors associated with secondhand smoke exposure in different settings: Results from the German Health Update (GEDA) 2012. BMC Public Health. 2016;16: 327.
Fischer, F., & Krämer, A. (2016). Factors associated with secondhand smoke exposure in different settings: Results from the German Health Update (GEDA) 2012. BMC Public Health, 16, 327. doi:10.1186/s12889-016-3007-z
Fischer, F., and Krämer, A. (2016). Factors associated with secondhand smoke exposure in different settings: Results from the German Health Update (GEDA) 2012. BMC Public Health 16:327.
Fischer, F., & Krämer, A., 2016. Factors associated with secondhand smoke exposure in different settings: Results from the German Health Update (GEDA) 2012. BMC Public Health, 16: 327.
F. Fischer and A. Krämer, “Factors associated with secondhand smoke exposure in different settings: Results from the German Health Update (GEDA) 2012”, BMC Public Health, vol. 16, 2016, : 327.
Fischer, F., Krämer, A.: Factors associated with secondhand smoke exposure in different settings: Results from the German Health Update (GEDA) 2012. BMC Public Health. 16, : 327 (2016).
Fischer, Florian, and Krämer, Alexander. “Factors associated with secondhand smoke exposure in different settings: Results from the German Health Update (GEDA) 2012”. BMC Public Health 16 (2016): 327.
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