Effects of Comparing Contrasting Cases on Learning From Subsequent Explanations

Roelle J, Berthold K (2015)
COGNITION AND INSTRUCTION 33(3): 199-225.

Journal Article | Published | English

No fulltext has been uploaded

Abstract
In an experiment, prior to processing instructional explanations N = 75 students received either (a) contrasting cases plus comparison prompts, (b) contrasting cases plus provided comparisons (i.e., model answers to the comparison prompts), or (c) no preparation intervention. We found that the learners with preparation intervention learned more and with a higher degree of efficiency, perceived less extraneous load, and experienced a higher feeling of smooth automatic running while they processed the explanations than the learners without a preparation intervention. These findings suggest that comparing contrasting cases serves a focusing function. Furthermore, we found that the learners in the provided comparisons condition acquired more conceptual knowledge from the explanations than the learners in the prompted comparisons condition. This result indicates that providing high amounts of instructional guidance while learners compare contrasting cases can have an added value in comparison to providing comparison prompts concerning the resulting preparation for future learning.
Publishing Year
ISSN
eISSN
PUB-ID

Cite this

Roelle J, Berthold K. Effects of Comparing Contrasting Cases on Learning From Subsequent Explanations. COGNITION AND INSTRUCTION. 2015;33(3):199-225.
Roelle, J., & Berthold, K. (2015). Effects of Comparing Contrasting Cases on Learning From Subsequent Explanations. COGNITION AND INSTRUCTION, 33(3), 199-225.
Roelle, J., and Berthold, K. (2015). Effects of Comparing Contrasting Cases on Learning From Subsequent Explanations. COGNITION AND INSTRUCTION 33, 199-225.
Roelle, J., & Berthold, K., 2015. Effects of Comparing Contrasting Cases on Learning From Subsequent Explanations. COGNITION AND INSTRUCTION, 33(3), p 199-225.
J. Roelle and K. Berthold, “Effects of Comparing Contrasting Cases on Learning From Subsequent Explanations”, COGNITION AND INSTRUCTION, vol. 33, 2015, pp. 199-225.
Roelle, J., Berthold, K.: Effects of Comparing Contrasting Cases on Learning From Subsequent Explanations. COGNITION AND INSTRUCTION. 33, 199-225 (2015).
Roelle, Julian, and Berthold, Kirsten. “Effects of Comparing Contrasting Cases on Learning From Subsequent Explanations”. COGNITION AND INSTRUCTION 33.3 (2015): 199-225.
This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

View record in Web of Science®

Search this title in

Google Scholar