Effects of comparing contrasting cases on learning from subsequent explanations

Roelle J, Berthold K (2015)
Cognition and Instruction 33(3): 199-225.

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Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
Abstract / Bemerkung
In an experiment, prior to processing instructional explanations N = 75 students received either (a) contrasting cases plus comparison prompts, (b) contrasting cases plus provided comparisons (i.e., model answers to the comparison prompts), or (c) no preparation intervention. We found that the learners with preparation intervention learned more and with a higher degree of efficiency, perceived less extraneous load, and experienced a higher feeling of smooth automatic running while they processed the explanations than the learners without a preparation intervention. These findings suggest that comparing contrasting cases serves a focusing function. Furthermore, we found that the learners in the provided comparisons condition acquired more conceptual knowledge from the explanations than the learners in the prompted comparisons condition. This result indicates that providing high amounts of instructional guidance while learners compare contrasting cases can have an added value in comparison to providing comparison prompts concerning the resulting preparation for future learning.
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
Cognition and Instruction
Band
33
Zeitschriftennummer
3
Seite
199-225
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Roelle J, Berthold K. Effects of comparing contrasting cases on learning from subsequent explanations. Cognition and Instruction. 2015;33(3):199-225.
Roelle, J., & Berthold, K. (2015). Effects of comparing contrasting cases on learning from subsequent explanations. Cognition and Instruction, 33(3), 199-225. doi:10.1080/07370008.2015.1063636
Roelle, J., and Berthold, K. (2015). Effects of comparing contrasting cases on learning from subsequent explanations. Cognition and Instruction 33, 199-225.
Roelle, J., & Berthold, K., 2015. Effects of comparing contrasting cases on learning from subsequent explanations. Cognition and Instruction, 33(3), p 199-225.
J. Roelle and K. Berthold, “Effects of comparing contrasting cases on learning from subsequent explanations”, Cognition and Instruction, vol. 33, 2015, pp. 199-225.
Roelle, J., Berthold, K.: Effects of comparing contrasting cases on learning from subsequent explanations. Cognition and Instruction. 33, 199-225 (2015).
Roelle, Julian, and Berthold, Kirsten. “Effects of comparing contrasting cases on learning from subsequent explanations”. Cognition and Instruction 33.3 (2015): 199-225.