Social Comparisons in Migration and Inequality Studies: A Literature Review and Evidence from a Pilot Study

Sienkiewicz JJ, Hapke P, Faist T (2016) SFB 882 Working Paper Series; 55.
Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities.

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Abstract
Theories and research in the area of social comparisons assume that the tendency toward such comparisons is universal. When investigating what people tend to focus on when making comparisons, many scholars have dealt with questions such as: with whom; under what circumstances; and in which realms? But one question has remained almost unexplored: what role does the migration experience play in social comparisons? In this article, we draw attention to this important research topic. Qualitative analysis carried out in Project C3 in the SFB 882 showed that migrants’ transnational comparisons were relevant to perceived inequalities (see Faist et al. 2015). Here, we present some quantitative evidence concerning migrants’ social comparisons based on the pilot study conducted by the SFB Project C1, which involved 200 first- and second-generation Turkish migrants in Germany. The findings indicate that the migration experience and transnational comparisons are important to some of these migrants, such as those who view the emotional experience (e.g., the extent of social support, respect, and recognition) as being better in Turkey. Data from this pilot study also provide insights into the possible challenges of sociological social comparison studies, which we discuss in this paper.
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Sienkiewicz JJ, Hapke P, Faist T. Social Comparisons in Migration and Inequality Studies: A Literature Review and Evidence from a Pilot Study. SFB 882 Working Paper Series. Vol 55. Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities; 2016.
Sienkiewicz, J. J., Hapke, P., & Faist, T. (2016). Social Comparisons in Migration and Inequality Studies: A Literature Review and Evidence from a Pilot Study (SFB 882 Working Paper Series, 55). Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities.
Sienkiewicz, J. J., Hapke, P., and Faist, T. (2016). Social Comparisons in Migration and Inequality Studies: A Literature Review and Evidence from a Pilot Study. SFB 882 Working Paper Series, 55, Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities.
Sienkiewicz, J.J., Hapke, P., & Faist, T., 2016. Social Comparisons in Migration and Inequality Studies: A Literature Review and Evidence from a Pilot Study, SFB 882 Working Paper Series, no.55, Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities.
J.J. Sienkiewicz, P. Hapke, and T. Faist, Social Comparisons in Migration and Inequality Studies: A Literature Review and Evidence from a Pilot Study, SFB 882 Working Paper Series, vol. 55, Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities, 2016.
Sienkiewicz, J.J., Hapke, P., Faist, T.: Social Comparisons in Migration and Inequality Studies: A Literature Review and Evidence from a Pilot Study. SFB 882 Working Paper Series, 55. DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities, Bielefeld (2016).
Sienkiewicz, Joanna Jadwiga, Hapke, Peter, and Faist, Thomas. Social Comparisons in Migration and Inequality Studies: A Literature Review and Evidence from a Pilot Study. Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities, 2016. SFB 882 Working Paper Series. 55.
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