Nurse perceptions of organizational culture and its association with the culture of error reporting: a case of public sector hospitals in Pakistan

Jafree SR, Zakar R, Zakria Zakar M, Fischer F (2016)
BMC Health Services Research 16: 3.

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Journal Article | Original Article | Published | English
Abstract
Background There is an absence of formal error tracking systems in public sector hospitals of Pakistan and also a lack of literature concerning error reporting culture in the health care sector. Nurse practitioners have front-line knowledge and rich exposure about both the organizational culture and error sharing in hospital settings. The aim of this paper was to investigate the association between organizational culture and the culture of error reporting, as perceived by nurses. Methods The authors used the “Practice Environment Scale-Nurse Work Index Revised” to measure the six dimensions of organizational culture. Seven questions were used from the “Survey to Solicit Information about the Culture of Reporting” to measure error reporting culture in the region. Overall, 309 nurses participated in the survey, including female nurses from all designations such as supervisors, instructors, ward-heads, staff nurses and student nurses. We used SPSS 17.0 to perform a factor analysis. Furthermore, descriptive statistics, mean scores and multivariable logistic regression were used for the analysis. Results Three areas were ranked unfavorably by nurse respondents, including: (i) the error reporting culture, (ii) staffing and resource adequacy, and (iii) nurse foundations for quality of care. Multivariable regression results revealed that all six categories of organizational culture, including: (1) nurse manager ability, leadership and support, (2) nurse participation in hospital affairs, (3) nurse participation in governance, (4) nurse foundations of quality care, (5) nurse-coworkers relations, and (6) nurse staffing and resource adequacy, were positively associated with higher odds of error reporting culture. In addition, it was found that married nurses and nurses on permanent contract were more likely to report errors at the workplace.
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Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
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Jafree SR, Zakar R, Zakria Zakar M, Fischer F. Nurse perceptions of organizational culture and its association with the culture of error reporting: a case of public sector hospitals in Pakistan. BMC Health Services Research. 2016;16: 3.
Jafree, S. R., Zakar, R., Zakria Zakar, M., & Fischer, F. (2016). Nurse perceptions of organizational culture and its association with the culture of error reporting: a case of public sector hospitals in Pakistan. BMC Health Services Research, 16, 3. doi:10.1186/s12913-015-1252-y
Jafree, S. R., Zakar, R., Zakria Zakar, M., and Fischer, F. (2016). Nurse perceptions of organizational culture and its association with the culture of error reporting: a case of public sector hospitals in Pakistan. BMC Health Services Research 16:3.
Jafree, S.R., et al., 2016. Nurse perceptions of organizational culture and its association with the culture of error reporting: a case of public sector hospitals in Pakistan. BMC Health Services Research, 16: 3.
S.R. Jafree, et al., “Nurse perceptions of organizational culture and its association with the culture of error reporting: a case of public sector hospitals in Pakistan”, BMC Health Services Research, vol. 16, 2016, : 3.
Jafree, S.R., Zakar, R., Zakria Zakar, M., Fischer, F.: Nurse perceptions of organizational culture and its association with the culture of error reporting: a case of public sector hospitals in Pakistan. BMC Health Services Research. 16, : 3 (2016).
Jafree, Sara Rizvi, Zakar, Rubeena, Zakria Zakar, Muhammad, and Fischer, Florian. “Nurse perceptions of organizational culture and its association with the culture of error reporting: a case of public sector hospitals in Pakistan”. BMC Health Services Research 16 (2016): 3.
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