Adaptation-induced modification of motion selectivity tuning in visual tectal neurons of adult zebrafish

Hollmann V, Lucks V, Kurtz R, Engelmann J (2015)
Journal of Neurophysiology 114(5): 2893-2902.

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In the developing brain, training-induced emergence of direction selectivity and plasticity of orientation tuning appear to be widespread phenomena. These are found in the visual pathway across different classes of vertebrates. Moreover, short-term plasticity of orientation tuning in the adult brain has been demonstrated in several species of mammals. However, it is unclear whether neuronal orientation and direction selectivity in nonmammalian species remains modifiable through short-term plasticity in the fully developed brain. To address this question, we analyzed motion tuning of neurons in the optic tectum of adult zebrafish by calcium imaging. In total, orientation and direction selectivity was enhanced by adaptation, responses of previously orientation-selective neurons were sharpened, and even adaptation-induced emergence of selectivity in previously nonselective neurons was observed in some cases. The different observed effects are mainly based on the relative distance between the previously preferred and the adaptation direction. In those neurons in which a shift of the preferred orientation or direction was induced by adaptation, repulsive shifts (i.e., away from the adapter) were more prevalent than attractive shifts. A further novel finding for visually induced adaptation that emerged from our study was that repulsive and attractive shifts can occur within one brain area, even with uniform stimuli. The type of shift being induced also depends on the difference between the adapting and the initially preferred stimulus direction. Our data indicate that, even within the fully developed optic tectum, short-term plasticity might have an important role in adjusting neuronal tuning functions to current stimulus conditions.
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Hollmann V, Lucks V, Kurtz R, Engelmann J. Adaptation-induced modification of motion selectivity tuning in visual tectal neurons of adult zebrafish. Journal of Neurophysiology. 2015;114(5):2893-2902.
Hollmann, V., Lucks, V., Kurtz, R., & Engelmann, J. (2015). Adaptation-induced modification of motion selectivity tuning in visual tectal neurons of adult zebrafish. Journal of Neurophysiology, 114(5), 2893-2902. doi:10.1152/jn.00568.2015
Hollmann, V., Lucks, V., Kurtz, R., and Engelmann, J. (2015). Adaptation-induced modification of motion selectivity tuning in visual tectal neurons of adult zebrafish. Journal of Neurophysiology 114, 2893-2902.
Hollmann, V., et al., 2015. Adaptation-induced modification of motion selectivity tuning in visual tectal neurons of adult zebrafish. Journal of Neurophysiology, 114(5), p 2893-2902.
V. Hollmann, et al., “Adaptation-induced modification of motion selectivity tuning in visual tectal neurons of adult zebrafish”, Journal of Neurophysiology, vol. 114, 2015, pp. 2893-2902.
Hollmann, V., Lucks, V., Kurtz, R., Engelmann, J.: Adaptation-induced modification of motion selectivity tuning in visual tectal neurons of adult zebrafish. Journal of Neurophysiology. 114, 2893-2902 (2015).
Hollmann, Vanessa, Lucks, Valerie, Kurtz, Rafael, and Engelmann, Jacob. “Adaptation-induced modification of motion selectivity tuning in visual tectal neurons of adult zebrafish”. Journal of Neurophysiology 114.5 (2015): 2893-2902.
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PMID: 26378206
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