Religious Schemata and "Spirituality"

Streib H, Klein C, Hood RW (2016)
In: Semantics and Psychology of "Spirituality". A Cross-cultural Analysis. Streib H, Hood RW (Eds);Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht: Springer International Publishing Switzerland: 205-218.

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Streib, Heinz ; Hood, Ralph W.
Abstract
This chapter presents new perspectives for understanding "spirituality" that emerge from its relation with religious styles and schemata in the data of the Bielefeld-based Cross-cultural Study on "Spirituality." ANOVA results with our focus groups indicate that respondents who self-identify as "more spiritual than religious" in both the USA and Germany have lower scores on truth of texts and teachings (ttt), a subscale of the Religious Schema Scale (RSS); still lower on ttt, however, are the respondents who self-identify as "neither religious nor spiritual" or as "atheists" or "non-theists." Results further indicate that self-identification as "spiritual" ("more spiritual atheist/non-theists" excluded) is associated with a preference for xenosophia/interreligious dialog (xenos). Religious schema groups, which were constructed according to exclusively high agreement with either ttt, ftr, or xenos, profile the relation of the religious schemata to "spirituality" and "religion" further and confirm the relation of "spirituality" with dialogical, xenosophic attitudes. Finally, regression and mediation analyses using structural equation modelling show that ttt predicts the self-attribution "religious" stronger than the self-attribution "spiritual," while xenos for most respondents predicts the self-attribution "spiritual," rather than the self-attribution "religious." The religious schemata have strong effects in predicting and mediating the predictions on self-rated "religion" and, more important for our project, on self-rated "spirituality."
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Streib H, Klein C, Hood RW. Religious Schemata and "Spirituality". In: Streib H, Hood RW, eds. Semantics and Psychology of "Spirituality". A Cross-cultural Analysis. Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht: Springer International Publishing Switzerland; 2016: 205-218.
Streib, H., Klein, C., & Hood, R. W. (2016). Religious Schemata and "Spirituality". In H. Streib & R. W. Hood (Eds.), Semantics and Psychology of "Spirituality". A Cross-cultural Analysis (pp. 205-218). Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht: Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
Streib, H., Klein, C., and Hood, R. W. (2016). “Religious Schemata and "Spirituality"” in Semantics and Psychology of "Spirituality". A Cross-cultural Analysis, ed. H. Streib and R. W. Hood (Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht: Springer International Publishing Switzerland), 205-218.
Streib, H., Klein, C., & Hood, R.W., 2016. Religious Schemata and "Spirituality". In H. Streib & R. W. Hood, eds. Semantics and Psychology of "Spirituality". A Cross-cultural Analysis. Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht: Springer International Publishing Switzerland, pp. 205-218.
H. Streib, C. Klein, and R.W. Hood, “Religious Schemata and "Spirituality"”, Semantics and Psychology of "Spirituality". A Cross-cultural Analysis, H. Streib and R.W. Hood, eds., Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht: Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2016, pp.205-218.
Streib, H., Klein, C., Hood, R.W.: Religious Schemata and "Spirituality". In: Streib, H. and Hood, R.W. (eds.) Semantics and Psychology of "Spirituality". A Cross-cultural Analysis. p. 205-218. Springer International Publishing Switzerland, Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht (2016).
Streib, Heinz, Klein, Constantin, and Hood, Ralph W. “Religious Schemata and "Spirituality"”. Semantics and Psychology of "Spirituality". A Cross-cultural Analysis. Ed. Heinz Streib and Ralph W. Hood. Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht: Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2016. 205-218.
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