Personality Dimensions and Versions of "Spirituality"

Streib H, Klein C, Hood RW (2016)
In: Semantics and Psychology of "Spirituality". A Cross-cultural Analysis. Streib H, Hood RW (Eds);Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht: Springer International Publishing Switzerland: 189-203.

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Streib, Heinz ; Hood, Ralph W.
Abstract
This chapter presents results about personality and self-identified “spirituality” from the Bielefeld-based Cross-cultural Study of “Spirituality.” The data yield insights in commonalities and differences not only between the USA and Germany, but between emerging new forms of religion and between different versions of “spirituality,” such as the “spirituality” opposed to religion, or the “spirituality” of self-identified “atheists” and “non-theists.” How are such different versions of “spirituality” reflected in the personality of our respondents? This is the question this chapter deals with on the basis of the results with the NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI). Results indicate that, compared to the normative values for the USA and Germany, the “more spiritual than religious,” but also the “neither religious nor spiritual” respondents in both countries score considerably higher on openness to experience. Further, there is little evidence in our data that self-identified “spirituality” could be explained by openness to experience or other personality factors. Finally, as Analyses of Variance of the Big Five personality dimensions in the “spiritual”/“religious”/“atheist” self-identifying groups (our focus groups) demonstrate, openness to experience is especially suitable for mapping the varieties of “spirituality” in our data.
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Streib H, Klein C, Hood RW. Personality Dimensions and Versions of "Spirituality". In: Streib H, Hood RW, eds. Semantics and Psychology of "Spirituality". A Cross-cultural Analysis. Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht: Springer International Publishing Switzerland; 2016: 189-203.
Streib, H., Klein, C., & Hood, R. W. (2016). Personality Dimensions and Versions of "Spirituality". In H. Streib & R. W. Hood (Eds.), Semantics and Psychology of "Spirituality". A Cross-cultural Analysis (pp. 189-203). Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht: Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
Streib, H., Klein, C., and Hood, R. W. (2016). “Personality Dimensions and Versions of "Spirituality"” in Semantics and Psychology of "Spirituality". A Cross-cultural Analysis, ed. H. Streib and R. W. Hood (Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht: Springer International Publishing Switzerland), 189-203.
Streib, H., Klein, C., & Hood, R.W., 2016. Personality Dimensions and Versions of "Spirituality". In H. Streib & R. W. Hood, eds. Semantics and Psychology of "Spirituality". A Cross-cultural Analysis. Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht: Springer International Publishing Switzerland, pp. 189-203.
H. Streib, C. Klein, and R.W. Hood, “Personality Dimensions and Versions of "Spirituality"”, Semantics and Psychology of "Spirituality". A Cross-cultural Analysis, H. Streib and R.W. Hood, eds., Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht: Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2016, pp.189-203.
Streib, H., Klein, C., Hood, R.W.: Personality Dimensions and Versions of "Spirituality". In: Streib, H. and Hood, R.W. (eds.) Semantics and Psychology of "Spirituality". A Cross-cultural Analysis. p. 189-203. Springer International Publishing Switzerland, Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht (2016).
Streib, Heinz, Klein, Constantin, and Hood, Ralph W. “Personality Dimensions and Versions of "Spirituality"”. Semantics and Psychology of "Spirituality". A Cross-cultural Analysis. Ed. Heinz Streib and Ralph W. Hood. Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht: Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2016. 189-203.
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