Metabolite profiling of somatic embryos of Cyclamen persicum in comparison to zygotic embryos, endosperm, and testa

Winkelmann T, Ratjens S, Bartsch M, Rode C, Niehaus K, Bednarz H (2015)
Frontiers in Plant Science 6.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
Somatic embryogenesis has been shown to be an efficient in vitro plant regeneration system for many crops such as the important ornamental plant Cyclamen persicum, for which this regeneration pathway of somatic embryogenesis is of interest for the vegetative propagation of parental lines as well as elite plants. However, somatic embryogenesis is not commercially used in many crops due to several unsolved problems, such as malformations, asynchronous development, deficiencies in maturation and germination of somatic embryos. In contrast, zygotic embryos in seeds develop and germinate without abnormalities in most cases. Instead of time-consuming and labor-intensive experiments involving tests of different in vitro culture conditions and plant growth regulator supplements, we follow a more directed approach. Zygotic embryos served as a reference and were compared to somatic embryos in metabolomic analyses allowing the future optimization of the in vitro system. The aims of this study were to detect differences in the metabolite profiles of torpedo stage somatic and zygotic embryos of C. persicum. Moreover, major metabolites in endosperm and testa were identified and quantified. Two sets of extracts of two to four biological replicates each were analyzed. In total 52 metabolites were identified and quantified in the different tissues. One of the most significant differences between somatic and zygotic embryos was that the proline concentration in the zygotic embryos was about 40 times higher than that found in somatic embryos. Epicatechin, a scavenger for reactive oxygen species, was found in highest abundance in the testa. Sucrose, the most abundant metabolite was detected in significantly higher concentrations in zygotic embryos. Also, a yet unknown trisaccharide, was significantly enriched in zygotic embryos.
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Winkelmann T, Ratjens S, Bartsch M, Rode C, Niehaus K, Bednarz H. Metabolite profiling of somatic embryos of Cyclamen persicum in comparison to zygotic embryos, endosperm, and testa. Frontiers in Plant Science. 2015;6.
Winkelmann, T., Ratjens, S., Bartsch, M., Rode, C., Niehaus, K., & Bednarz, H. (2015). Metabolite profiling of somatic embryos of Cyclamen persicum in comparison to zygotic embryos, endosperm, and testa. Frontiers in Plant Science, 6.
Winkelmann, T., Ratjens, S., Bartsch, M., Rode, C., Niehaus, K., and Bednarz, H. (2015). Metabolite profiling of somatic embryos of Cyclamen persicum in comparison to zygotic embryos, endosperm, and testa. Frontiers in Plant Science 6.
Winkelmann, T., et al., 2015. Metabolite profiling of somatic embryos of Cyclamen persicum in comparison to zygotic embryos, endosperm, and testa. Frontiers in Plant Science, 6.
T. Winkelmann, et al., “Metabolite profiling of somatic embryos of Cyclamen persicum in comparison to zygotic embryos, endosperm, and testa”, Frontiers in Plant Science, vol. 6, 2015.
Winkelmann, T., Ratjens, S., Bartsch, M., Rode, C., Niehaus, K., Bednarz, H.: Metabolite profiling of somatic embryos of Cyclamen persicum in comparison to zygotic embryos, endosperm, and testa. Frontiers in Plant Science. 6, (2015).
Winkelmann, Traud, Ratjens, Svenja, Bartsch, Melanie, Rode, Christina, Niehaus, Karsten, and Bednarz, Hanna. “Metabolite profiling of somatic embryos of Cyclamen persicum in comparison to zygotic embryos, endosperm, and testa”. Frontiers in Plant Science 6 (2015).
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PMID: 26300898
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