Detection and Identification of the Keto-Hydroperoxide (HOOCH2OCHO) and Other Intermediates during Low-Temperature Oxidation of Dimethyl Ether

Moshammer K, Jasper AW, Popolan-Vaida DM, Lucassen A, Dievarti P, Selim H, Eskola AJ, Taatjes CA, Leone SR, Sarathy SM, Ju Y, et al. (2015)
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 119(28): 7361-7374.

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In this paper we report the detection and identification of the keto-hydroperoxide (hydroperoxymethyl formate, HPMF, HOOCH2OCHO) and other partially oxidized intermediate species arising from the low-temperature (540 K) oxidation of dimethyl ether (DME). These observations were made possible by coupling a jet-stirred reactor with molecular-beam sampling capabilities, operated near atmospheric pressure, to a reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometer that employs single-photon ionization via tunable synchrotron-generated vacuumultraviolet radiation. On the basis of experimentally observed ionization thresholds and fragmentation appearance energies, interpreted with the aid of ab initio calculations, we have identified HPMF and its conceivable decomposition products HC(O)O(O)CH (formic acid anhydride), HC(O)OOH (performic acid), and HOC(O)OH (carbonic acid). Other intermediates that were detected and identified include HC(O)OCH3 (methyl formate), cycl-CH2-O-CH2-O- (1,3-dioxetane), CH3OOH (methyl hydroperoxide), HC(O)OH (formic acid), and H2O2 (hydrogen peroxide). We show that the theoretical characterization of multiple conformeric structures of some intermediates is required when interpreting the experimentally observed ionization thresholds, and a simple method is presented for estimating the importance of multiple conformers at the estimated temperature (similar to 100 K) of the present molecular beam. We also discuss possible formation pathways of the detected species: for example, supported by potential energy surface calculations, we show that performic acid may be a minor channel of the O-2 + CH2OCH2OOH reaction, resulting from the decomposition of the HOOCH2OCHOOH intermediate, which predominantly leads to the HPMF.
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Moshammer K, Jasper AW, Popolan-Vaida DM, et al. Detection and Identification of the Keto-Hydroperoxide (HOOCH2OCHO) and Other Intermediates during Low-Temperature Oxidation of Dimethyl Ether. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 2015;119(28):7361-7374.
Moshammer, K., Jasper, A. W., Popolan-Vaida, D. M., Lucassen, A., Dievarti, P., Selim, H., Eskola, A. J., et al. (2015). Detection and Identification of the Keto-Hydroperoxide (HOOCH2OCHO) and Other Intermediates during Low-Temperature Oxidation of Dimethyl Ether. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 119(28), 7361-7374. doi:10.1021/acs.jpca.5b00101
Moshammer, K., Jasper, A. W., Popolan-Vaida, D. M., Lucassen, A., Dievarti, P., Selim, H., Eskola, A. J., Taatjes, C. A., Leone, S. R., Sarathy, S. M., et al. (2015). Detection and Identification of the Keto-Hydroperoxide (HOOCH2OCHO) and Other Intermediates during Low-Temperature Oxidation of Dimethyl Ether. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 119, 7361-7374.
Moshammer, K., et al., 2015. Detection and Identification of the Keto-Hydroperoxide (HOOCH2OCHO) and Other Intermediates during Low-Temperature Oxidation of Dimethyl Ether. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 119(28), p 7361-7374.
K. Moshammer, et al., “Detection and Identification of the Keto-Hydroperoxide (HOOCH2OCHO) and Other Intermediates during Low-Temperature Oxidation of Dimethyl Ether”, The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, vol. 119, 2015, pp. 7361-7374.
Moshammer, K., Jasper, A.W., Popolan-Vaida, D.M., Lucassen, A., Dievarti, P., Selim, H., Eskola, A.J., Taatjes, C.A., Leone, S.R., Sarathy, S.M., Ju, Y., Dagaut, P., Kohse-Höinghaus, K., Hansen, N.: Detection and Identification of the Keto-Hydroperoxide (HOOCH2OCHO) and Other Intermediates during Low-Temperature Oxidation of Dimethyl Ether. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 119, 7361-7374 (2015).
Moshammer, Kai, Jasper, Ahren W., Popolan-Vaida, Denisia M., Lucassen, Arnas, Dievarti, Pascal, Selim, Hatem, Eskola, Arkke J., Taatjes, Craig A., Leone, Stephen R., Sarathy, S. Mani, Ju, Yiguang, Dagaut, Philippe, Kohse-Höinghaus, Katharina, and Hansen, Nils. “Detection and Identification of the Keto-Hydroperoxide (HOOCH2OCHO) and Other Intermediates during Low-Temperature Oxidation of Dimethyl Ether”. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 119.28 (2015): 7361-7374.
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