Expert-Novice Differences in SMR Activity during Dart Throwing

Cheng M-Y, Hung C-L, Huang C-J, Chang Y-K, Lo L-C, Shen C, Hung T-M (2015)
Biological Psychology 110: 212-218.

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Previous evidence suggests that augmented sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) activity is related to the superior regulation of processing cognitive-motor information in motor performance. However, no published studies have examined the relationship between SMR and performance in precision sports; thus, this study examined the relationship between SMR activity and the level of skilled performance in tasks requiring high levels of attention (e.g., dart throwing). We hypothesized that skilled performance would be associated with higher SMR activity. Fourteen dart-throwing experts and eleven novices were recruited. Participants were requested to perform 60 dart throws while EEG was recorded. The 2 (Group: Expert, Novice) x 2 (Time window: –2000 ms to –1000 ms, –1000 ms to 0 ms) ANOVA showed that the dart-throwing experts maintained a relatively higher SMR power than the novices before dart release. These results suggest that SMR might reflect the adaptive regulation of cognitive-motor processing during the preparatory period.
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Cheng M-Y, Hung C-L, Huang C-J, et al. Expert-Novice Differences in SMR Activity during Dart Throwing. Biological Psychology. 2015;110:212-218.
Cheng, M. - Y., Hung, C. - L., Huang, C. - J., Chang, Y. - K., Lo, L. - C., Shen, C., & Hung, T. - M. (2015). Expert-Novice Differences in SMR Activity during Dart Throwing. Biological Psychology, 110, 212-218. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.08.003
Cheng, M. - Y., Hung, C. - L., Huang, C. - J., Chang, Y. - K., Lo, L. - C., Shen, C., and Hung, T. - M. (2015). Expert-Novice Differences in SMR Activity during Dart Throwing. Biological Psychology 110, 212-218.
Cheng, M.-Y., et al., 2015. Expert-Novice Differences in SMR Activity during Dart Throwing. Biological Psychology, 110, p 212-218.
M.-Y. Cheng, et al., “Expert-Novice Differences in SMR Activity during Dart Throwing”, Biological Psychology, vol. 110, 2015, pp. 212-218.
Cheng, M.-Y., Hung, C.-L., Huang, C.-J., Chang, Y.-K., Lo, L.-C., Shen, C., Hung, T.-M.: Expert-Novice Differences in SMR Activity during Dart Throwing. Biological Psychology. 110, 212-218 (2015).
Cheng, Ming-Yang, Hung, Chiao-Ling, Huang, Chung-Ju, Chang, Yu-Kai, Lo, Li-Chuan, Shen, Cheng, and Hung, Tsung-Min. “Expert-Novice Differences in SMR Activity during Dart Throwing”. Biological Psychology 110 (2015): 212-218.
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