Using Discriminative Dimensionality Reduction to Visualize Classifiers

Schulz A, Gisbrecht A, Hammer B (2015)
Neural Processing Letters 42(1): 27-54.

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Journal Article | Published | English
Abstract
Albeit automated classifiers offer a standard tool in many application areas, there exists hardly a generic possibility to directly inspect their behavior, which goes beyond the mere classification of (sets of) data points. In this contribution, we propose a general framework how to visualize a given classifier and its behavior as concerns a given data set in two dimensions. More specifically, we use modern nonlinear dimensionality reduction (DR) techniques to project a given set of data points and their relation to the classification decision boundaries. Furthermore, since data are usually intrinsically more than two-dimensional and hence cannot be projected to two dimensions without information loss, we propose to use discriminative DR methods which shape the projection according to given class labeling as is the case for a classification setting. With a given data set, this framework can be used to visualize any trained classifier which provides a probability or certainty of the classification together with the predicted class label. We demonstrate the suitability of the framework in the context of different dimensionality reduction techniques, in the context of different attention foci as concerns the visualization, and as concerns different classifiers which should be visualized.
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Schulz A, Gisbrecht A, Hammer B. Using Discriminative Dimensionality Reduction to Visualize Classifiers. Neural Processing Letters. 2015;42(1):27-54.
Schulz, A., Gisbrecht, A., & Hammer, B. (2015). Using Discriminative Dimensionality Reduction to Visualize Classifiers. Neural Processing Letters, 42(1), 27-54.
Schulz, A., Gisbrecht, A., and Hammer, B. (2015). Using Discriminative Dimensionality Reduction to Visualize Classifiers. Neural Processing Letters 42, 27-54.
Schulz, A., Gisbrecht, A., & Hammer, B., 2015. Using Discriminative Dimensionality Reduction to Visualize Classifiers. Neural Processing Letters, 42(1), p 27-54.
A. Schulz, A. Gisbrecht, and B. Hammer, “Using Discriminative Dimensionality Reduction to Visualize Classifiers”, Neural Processing Letters, vol. 42, 2015, pp. 27-54.
Schulz, A., Gisbrecht, A., Hammer, B.: Using Discriminative Dimensionality Reduction to Visualize Classifiers. Neural Processing Letters. 42, 27-54 (2015).
Schulz, Alexander, Gisbrecht, Andrej, and Hammer, Barbara. “Using Discriminative Dimensionality Reduction to Visualize Classifiers”. Neural Processing Letters 42.1 (2015): 27-54.
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