Unfair Pay and Health: The Effects of Perceived Injustice of Earnings on Physical Health

Schunck R, Sauer C, Valet P (2015)
European Sociological Review 31(6): 655-666.

Journal Article | Published | English

No fulltext has been uploaded

Abstract
While there is ample evidence that income inequalities influence individuals’ health status, the mechanisms behind this income inequality–health correlation are only partially understood. This study shows that inequalities evaluated on the basis of individual perceptions of injustice are a driving force behind this connection. Two main questions are addressed: Does perceiving one’s earnings as unfair affect physical health? Do such perceptions contribute to structural health inequalities? The hypotheses presented are based on the effort–reward imbalance model, according to which experiencing injustice causes stress, which can have a negative effect on individual health. Analyses of large-scale longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel of the years 2005–2010 show that female employees who perceive their earnings as unjustly low display significantly worse physical health, and that if employees perceive their earnings to be unjust for an extended period, this contributes to the deterioration of individual physical health in male and female employees. Employees from lower social classes, in particular unskilled blue-collar workers, more frequently perceive their earnings to be unjust. Experience of unjust earnings mediates the relationship between social class and physical health, if to a limited extent. Our conclusion is that differential exposure to unjust earnings contributes to the emergence of structural health inequalities.
Publishing Year
ISSN
eISSN
PUB-ID

Cite this

Schunck R, Sauer C, Valet P. Unfair Pay and Health: The Effects of Perceived Injustice of Earnings on Physical Health. European Sociological Review. 2015;31(6):655-666.
Schunck, R., Sauer, C., & Valet, P. (2015). Unfair Pay and Health: The Effects of Perceived Injustice of Earnings on Physical Health. European Sociological Review, 31(6), 655-666.
Schunck, R., Sauer, C., and Valet, P. (2015). Unfair Pay and Health: The Effects of Perceived Injustice of Earnings on Physical Health. European Sociological Review 31, 655-666.
Schunck, R., Sauer, C., & Valet, P., 2015. Unfair Pay and Health: The Effects of Perceived Injustice of Earnings on Physical Health. European Sociological Review, 31(6), p 655-666.
R. Schunck, C. Sauer, and P. Valet, “Unfair Pay and Health: The Effects of Perceived Injustice of Earnings on Physical Health”, European Sociological Review, vol. 31, 2015, pp. 655-666.
Schunck, R., Sauer, C., Valet, P.: Unfair Pay and Health: The Effects of Perceived Injustice of Earnings on Physical Health. European Sociological Review. 31, 655-666 (2015).
Schunck, Reinhard, Sauer, Carsten, and Valet, Peter. “Unfair Pay and Health: The Effects of Perceived Injustice of Earnings on Physical Health”. European Sociological Review 31.6 (2015): 655-666.
This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

View record in Web of Science®

Search this title in

Google Scholar