Second-order motor planning in children: insights from a cup-manipulation-task

Wunsch K, Weiss DJ, Schack T, Weigelt M (2015)
Psychological Research 79(4): 669-677.

Journal Article | Published | English

No fulltext has been uploaded

Author
; ; ;
Abstract
The present study examined the development of anticipatory motor planning in an object manipulation task that has been used to successfully demonstrate motor planning in non-human primates (Weiss et al. in Psychol Sci 18:1063-1068, 2007). Seventy-five participants from four different age groups participated in a cup-manipulation task. One group was preschool children (average age of 5.1 years), two groups were primary school children (7.7 and 9.8 years old respectively) and the final group was comprised of adults. The experimental task entailed reaching for a plastic cup that was vertically suspended in an apparatus in either upright or inverted orientation, removing the cup by its stem and then retrieving a small toy from the inside of the cup. When the cup was inverted in the apparatus, evidence for anticipatory motor planning could be achieved by initially gripping the stem using an inverted (thumb-down) grip posture. We found that when the cup was in upright orientation, all participants reached for the cup using an upright grip (i.e. thumb-up posture). However, when the cup was inverted in the apparatus, only adults consistently used an inverted grasping posture, though the percentage of inverted grips among participants did increase with age. These results suggest a protracted development for anticipatory motor planning abilities in children. Surprisingly, the performance of adults on this task more closely resembles the performance of several nonhuman primate species as opposed to children even at approximately 10 years of age. We discuss how morphological constraints on flexibility may help account for these findings.
Publishing Year
ISSN
PUB-ID

Cite this

Wunsch K, Weiss DJ, Schack T, Weigelt M. Second-order motor planning in children: insights from a cup-manipulation-task. Psychological Research. 2015;79(4):669-677.
Wunsch, K., Weiss, D. J., Schack, T., & Weigelt, M. (2015). Second-order motor planning in children: insights from a cup-manipulation-task. Psychological Research, 79(4), 669-677.
Wunsch, K., Weiss, D. J., Schack, T., and Weigelt, M. (2015). Second-order motor planning in children: insights from a cup-manipulation-task. Psychological Research 79, 669-677.
Wunsch, K., et al., 2015. Second-order motor planning in children: insights from a cup-manipulation-task. Psychological Research, 79(4), p 669-677.
K. Wunsch, et al., “Second-order motor planning in children: insights from a cup-manipulation-task”, Psychological Research, vol. 79, 2015, pp. 669-677.
Wunsch, K., Weiss, D.J., Schack, T., Weigelt, M.: Second-order motor planning in children: insights from a cup-manipulation-task. Psychological Research. 79, 669-677 (2015).
Wunsch, Kathrin, Weiss, Daniel J., Schack, Thomas, and Weigelt, Matthias. “Second-order motor planning in children: insights from a cup-manipulation-task”. Psychological Research 79.4 (2015): 669-677.
This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

1 Citation in Europe PMC

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

29 References

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Influences of grasp selection in typically developing children.
Wilmut K, Byrne M., Acta Psychol (Amst) 148(), 2014
PMID: 24594384

DM, Neural Networks 11(7–8), 1998

K, Journal of Motor Learning and Development 1(3), 2013

SL, Animal Behaviour 86(6), 2013

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

View record in Web of Science®

Sources

PMID: 25030813
PubMed | Europe PMC

Search this title in

Google Scholar