Experience with headwear influences the other-race effect in 4-year-old children

Suhrke J, Freitag C, Lamm B, Teiser J, Poloczek S, Fassbender I, Teubert M, Voehringer I, Keller H, Knopf M, Lohaus A, et al. (2015)
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 137: 156-163.

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Abstract
The other-race effect (ORE) implies the better recognition of faces of one's own race compared with faces of a different race. It demonstrates that face recognition is shaped by daily experience with human faces. Such experience mainly includes structural information of own-race faces and also information on the way faces are usually seen, as a whole or partly covered by scarves or other headwear. In two experiments, we investigated how this mode of presentation is related to the occurrence of the ORE during childhood. In Experiment 1, 4-year-old German children (N= 104), accustomed to seeing faces without headwear in daily life, were asked to recognize female Caucasian or African faces, presented either as a whole or wearing a woolen hat, in a forced choice paradigm. In Experiment 2, 4-year-olds from rural Cameroon (N = 70), accustomed to seeing faces with and without headwear in daily life, participated in the same task. In both groups, the ORE was present in the familiar mode of presentation, that is, in whole faces in German children and in whole and partly covered faces in Cameroonian children. The results are discussed in relation to the role of experience for face recognition processes. (c) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Suhrke J, Freitag C, Lamm B, et al. Experience with headwear influences the other-race effect in 4-year-old children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 2015;137:156-163.
Suhrke, J., Freitag, C., Lamm, B., Teiser, J., Poloczek, S., Fassbender, I., Teubert, M., et al. (2015). Experience with headwear influences the other-race effect in 4-year-old children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 137, 156-163.
Suhrke, J., Freitag, C., Lamm, B., Teiser, J., Poloczek, S., Fassbender, I., Teubert, M., Voehringer, I., Keller, H., Knopf, M., et al. (2015). Experience with headwear influences the other-race effect in 4-year-old children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 137, 156-163.
Suhrke, J., et al., 2015. Experience with headwear influences the other-race effect in 4-year-old children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 137, p 156-163.
J. Suhrke, et al., “Experience with headwear influences the other-race effect in 4-year-old children”, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, vol. 137, 2015, pp. 156-163.
Suhrke, J., Freitag, C., Lamm, B., Teiser, J., Poloczek, S., Fassbender, I., Teubert, M., Voehringer, I., Keller, H., Knopf, M., Lohaus, A., Schwarzer, G.: Experience with headwear influences the other-race effect in 4-year-old children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 137, 156-163 (2015).
Suhrke, Janina, Freitag, Claudia, Lamm, Bettina, Teiser, Johanna, Poloczek, Sonja, Fassbender, Ina, Teubert, Manuel, Voehringer, Isabel, Keller, Heidi, Knopf, Monika, Lohaus, Arnold, and Schwarzer, Gudrun. “Experience with headwear influences the other-race effect in 4-year-old children”. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 137 (2015): 156-163.
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PMID: 25935463
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