Corynebacterium glutamicum ATP-phosphoribosyl transferases suitable for L-histidine production - Strategies for the elimination of feedback inhibition

Kulis-Horn R, Persicke M, Kalinowski J (2015)
Journal of Biotechnology 206: 26-37.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
L-Histidine biosynthesis in Corynebacterium glutamicum is mainly regulated by L-histidine feedback inhibition of the ATP-phosphoribosyltransferase HisG that catalyzes the first step of the pathway. The elimination of this feedback inhibition is the first and most important step in the development of an L-histidine production strain. For this purpose, a combined approach of random mutagenesis and rational enzyme redesign was performed. Mutants spontaneously resistant to the toxic L-histidine analog beta-(2-thiazolyl)-DL-alanine (2-TA) revealed novel and unpredicted mutations in the C-terminal regulatory domain of HisG resulting in increased feedback resistance. Moreover, deletion of the entire C-terminal regulatory domain in combination with the gain of function mutation S143F in the catalytic domain resulted in a HisG variant that is still highly active even at L-histidine concentrations close to the solubility limit. Notably, the S143F mutation on its own provokes feedback deregulation, revealing for the first time an amino acid residue in the catalytic domain of HisG that is involved in the feedback regulatory mechanism. In addition, we investigated the effect of hisG mutations for L-histidine production on different levels. This comprised the analysis of different expression systems, including plasmid- and chromosome-based overexpression, as well as the importance of codon choice for HisG mutations. The combination of domain deletions, single amino acid exchanges, codon choice, and chromosome-based overexpression resulted in production strains accumulating around 0.5 gl(-1) L-histidine, demonstrating the added value of the different approaches. (C) 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V.
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Kulis-Horn R, Persicke M, Kalinowski J. Corynebacterium glutamicum ATP-phosphoribosyl transferases suitable for L-histidine production - Strategies for the elimination of feedback inhibition. Journal of Biotechnology. 2015;206:26-37.
Kulis-Horn, R., Persicke, M., & Kalinowski, J. (2015). Corynebacterium glutamicum ATP-phosphoribosyl transferases suitable for L-histidine production - Strategies for the elimination of feedback inhibition. Journal of Biotechnology, 206, 26-37.
Kulis-Horn, R., Persicke, M., and Kalinowski, J. (2015). Corynebacterium glutamicum ATP-phosphoribosyl transferases suitable for L-histidine production - Strategies for the elimination of feedback inhibition. Journal of Biotechnology 206, 26-37.
Kulis-Horn, R., Persicke, M., & Kalinowski, J., 2015. Corynebacterium glutamicum ATP-phosphoribosyl transferases suitable for L-histidine production - Strategies for the elimination of feedback inhibition. Journal of Biotechnology, 206, p 26-37.
R. Kulis-Horn, M. Persicke, and J. Kalinowski, “Corynebacterium glutamicum ATP-phosphoribosyl transferases suitable for L-histidine production - Strategies for the elimination of feedback inhibition”, Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 206, 2015, pp. 26-37.
Kulis-Horn, R., Persicke, M., Kalinowski, J.: Corynebacterium glutamicum ATP-phosphoribosyl transferases suitable for L-histidine production - Strategies for the elimination of feedback inhibition. Journal of Biotechnology. 206, 26-37 (2015).
Kulis-Horn, Robert, Persicke, Marcus, and Kalinowski, Jörn. “Corynebacterium glutamicum ATP-phosphoribosyl transferases suitable for L-histidine production - Strategies for the elimination of feedback inhibition”. Journal of Biotechnology 206 (2015): 26-37.
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PMID: 25892668
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