Probing Atmospheric Electric Fields in Thunderstorms through Radio Emission from Cosmic-Ray-Induced Air Showers

Schellart P, Trinh TNG, Buitink S, Corstanje A, Enriquez JE, Falcke H, Horandel JR, Nelles A, Rachen JP, Rossetto L, Scholten O, et al. (2015)
Physical Review Letters 114(16): 165001.

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Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
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Abstract / Bemerkung
We present measurements of radio emission from cosmic ray air showers that took place during thunderstorms. The intensity and polarization patterns of these air showers are radically different from those measured during fair-weather conditions. With the use of a simple two-layer model for the atmospheric electric field, these patterns can be well reproduced by state-of-the-art simulation codes. This in turn provides a novel way to study atmospheric electric fields.
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Physical Review Letters
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114
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16
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165001
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Schellart P, Trinh TNG, Buitink S, et al. Probing Atmospheric Electric Fields in Thunderstorms through Radio Emission from Cosmic-Ray-Induced Air Showers. Physical Review Letters. 2015;114(16): 165001.
Schellart, P., Trinh, T. N. G., Buitink, S., Corstanje, A., Enriquez, J. E., Falcke, H., Horandel, J. R., et al. (2015). Probing Atmospheric Electric Fields in Thunderstorms through Radio Emission from Cosmic-Ray-Induced Air Showers. Physical Review Letters, 114(16), 165001. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.165001
Schellart, P., Trinh, T. N. G., Buitink, S., Corstanje, A., Enriquez, J. E., Falcke, H., Horandel, J. R., Nelles, A., Rachen, J. P., Rossetto, L., et al. (2015). Probing Atmospheric Electric Fields in Thunderstorms through Radio Emission from Cosmic-Ray-Induced Air Showers. Physical Review Letters 114:165001.
Schellart, P., et al., 2015. Probing Atmospheric Electric Fields in Thunderstorms through Radio Emission from Cosmic-Ray-Induced Air Showers. Physical Review Letters, 114(16): 165001.
P. Schellart, et al., “Probing Atmospheric Electric Fields in Thunderstorms through Radio Emission from Cosmic-Ray-Induced Air Showers”, Physical Review Letters, vol. 114, 2015, : 165001.
Schellart, P., Trinh, T.N.G., Buitink, S., Corstanje, A., Enriquez, J.E., Falcke, H., Horandel, J.R., Nelles, A., Rachen, J.P., Rossetto, L., Scholten, O., ter Veen, S., Thoudam, S., Ebert, U., Koehn, C., Rutjes, C., Alexov, A., Anderson, J.M., Avruch, I.M., Bentum, M.J., Bernardi, G., Best, P., Bonafede, A., Breitling, F., Broderick, J.W., Brueggen, M., Butcher, H.R., Ciardi, B., de Geus, E., de Vos, M., Duscha, S., Eisloeffel, J., Fallows, R.A., Frieswijk, W., Garrett, M.A., Griessmeier, J., Gunst, A.W., Heald, G., Hessels, J.W.T., Hoeft, M., Holties, H.A., Juette, E., Kondratiev, V.I., Kuniyoshi, M., Kuper, G., Mann, G., McFadden, R., McKay-Bukowski, D., McKean, J.P., Mevius, M., Moldon, J., Norden, M.J., Orru, E., Paas, H., Pandey-Pommier, M., Pizzo, R., Polatidis, A.G., Reich, W., Rottgering, H., Scaife, A.M.M., Schwarz, D., Serylak, M., Smirnov, O., Steinmetz, M., Swinbank, J., Tagger, M., Tasse, C., Toribio, M.C., van Weeren, R.J., Vermeulen, R., Vocks, C., Wise, M.W., Wucknitz, O., Zarka, P.: Probing Atmospheric Electric Fields in Thunderstorms through Radio Emission from Cosmic-Ray-Induced Air Showers. Physical Review Letters. 114, : 165001 (2015).
Schellart, P., Trinh, T. N. G., Buitink, S., Corstanje, A., Enriquez, J. E., Falcke, H., Horandel, J. R., Nelles, A., Rachen, J. P., Rossetto, L., Scholten, O., ter Veen, S., Thoudam, S., Ebert, U., Koehn, C., Rutjes, C., Alexov, A., Anderson, J. M., Avruch, I. M., Bentum, M. J., Bernardi, G., Best, P., Bonafede, A., Breitling, F., Broderick, J. W., Brueggen, M., Butcher, H. R., Ciardi, B., de Geus, E., de Vos, M., Duscha, S., Eisloeffel, J., Fallows, R. A., Frieswijk, W., Garrett, M. A., Griessmeier, J., Gunst, A. W., Heald, G., Hessels, J. W. T., Hoeft, M., Holties, H. A., Juette, E., Kondratiev, V. I., Kuniyoshi, M., Kuper, G., Mann, G., McFadden, R., McKay-Bukowski, D., McKean, J. P., Mevius, M., Moldon, J., Norden, M. J., Orru, E., Paas, H., Pandey-Pommier, M., Pizzo, R., Polatidis, A. G., Reich, W., Rottgering, H., Scaife, A. M. M., Schwarz, Dominik, Serylak, M., Smirnov, O., Steinmetz, M., Swinbank, J., Tagger, M., Tasse, C., Toribio, M. C., van Weeren, R. J., Vermeulen, R., Vocks, C., Wise, M. W., Wucknitz, O., and Zarka, P. “Probing Atmospheric Electric Fields in Thunderstorms through Radio Emission from Cosmic-Ray-Induced Air Showers”. Physical Review Letters 114.16 (2015): 165001.

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A large light-mass component of cosmic rays at 10(17)-10(17.5) electronvolts from radio observations.
Buitink S, Corstanje A, Falcke H, Hörandel JR, Huege T, Nelles A, Rachen JP, Rossetto L, Schellart P, Scholten O, ter Veen S, Thoudam S, Trinh TN, Anderson J, Asgekar A, Avruch IM, Bell ME, Bentum MJ, Bernardi G, Best P, Bonafede A, Breitling F, Broderick JW, Brouw WN, Brüggen M, Butcher HR, Carbone D, Ciardi B, Conway JE, de Gasperin F, de Geus E, Deller A, Dettmar RJ, van Diepen G, Duscha S, Eislöffel J, Engels D, Enriquez JE, Fallows RA, Fender R, Ferrari C, Frieswijk W, Garrett MA, Grießmeier JM, Gunst AW, van Haarlem MP, Hassall TE, Heald G, Hessels JW, Hoeft M, Horneffer A, Iacobelli M, Intema H, Juette E, Karastergiou A, Kondratiev VI, Kramer M, Kuniyoshi M, Kuper G, van Leeuwen J, Loose GM, Maat P, Mann G, Markoff S, McFadden R, McKay-Bukowski D, McKean JP, Mevius M, Mulcahy DD, Munk H, Norden MJ, Orru E, Paas H, Pandey-Pommier M, Pandey VN, Pietka M, Pizzo R, Polatidis AG, Reich W, Röttgering HJ, Scaife AM, Schwarz DJ, Serylak M, Sluman J, Smirnov O, Stappers BW, Steinmetz M, Stewart A, Swinbank J, Tagger M, Tang Y, Tasse C, Toribio MC, Vermeulen R, Vocks C, Vogt C, van Weeren RJ, Wijers RA, Wijnholds SJ, Wise MW, Wucknitz O, Yatawatta S, Zarka P, Zensus JA., Nature 531(7592), 2016
PMID: 26935696

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