Highly strain-sensitive magnetostrictive tunnel magnetoresistance junctions

Tavassolizadeh A, Hayes P, Rott K, Reiss G, Quandt E, Meyners D (2015)
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 384: 308-313.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
Tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) junctions with CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB layers are promising for strain sensing applications due to their high TMR effect and magnetostrictive sense layer (CoFeB). TMR junctions available even in submicron dimensions can serve as strain sensors for microelectromechanical systems devices. Upon stress application, the magnetization configuration of such junctions changes due to the inverse magnetostriction effect resulting in strain-sensitive tunnel resistance. Here, strain sensitivity of round-shaped junctions with diameters of 11.3 mu m, 19.2 mu m, 30.5 mu m, and 41.8 mu m were investigated on macroscopic cantilevers using a four-point bending apparatus. This investigation mainly focuses on changes in hard-axis TMR loops caused by the stress-induced anisotropy. A macrospin model is proposed, supported by micromagnetic simulations, which describes the complete rotation of the sense layer magnetization within TMR loops of junctions, exposed to high stress. Below 0.2%,. tensile strain, a representative junction with 30.5 pm diameter exhibits a very large gauge factor of 2150. For such high gauge factor a bias field H = 3.2 kA/m is applied in an angle equal to 3 pi 2 toward the pinned magnetization of the reference layer. The strain sensitivity strongly depends on the bias field. Applying stress along pi/4 against the induced magnetocrystalline anisotropy, both compressive and tensile strain can be identified by a unique sensor. More importantly, a configuration with a gauge factor of 400 at zero bias field is developed which results in a straightforward and compact measuring setup. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved,
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Tavassolizadeh A, Hayes P, Rott K, Reiss G, Quandt E, Meyners D. Highly strain-sensitive magnetostrictive tunnel magnetoresistance junctions. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. 2015;384:308-313.
Tavassolizadeh, A., Hayes, P., Rott, K., Reiss, G., Quandt, E., & Meyners, D. (2015). Highly strain-sensitive magnetostrictive tunnel magnetoresistance junctions. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 384, 308-313.
Tavassolizadeh, A., Hayes, P., Rott, K., Reiss, G., Quandt, E., and Meyners, D. (2015). Highly strain-sensitive magnetostrictive tunnel magnetoresistance junctions. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 384, 308-313.
Tavassolizadeh, A., et al., 2015. Highly strain-sensitive magnetostrictive tunnel magnetoresistance junctions. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 384, p 308-313.
A. Tavassolizadeh, et al., “Highly strain-sensitive magnetostrictive tunnel magnetoresistance junctions”, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 384, 2015, pp. 308-313.
Tavassolizadeh, A., Hayes, P., Rott, K., Reiss, G., Quandt, E., Meyners, D.: Highly strain-sensitive magnetostrictive tunnel magnetoresistance junctions. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. 384, 308-313 (2015).
Tavassolizadeh, Ali, Hayes, Patrick, Rott, Karsten, Reiss, Günter, Quandt, Eckhard, and Meyners, Dirk. “Highly strain-sensitive magnetostrictive tunnel magnetoresistance junctions”. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 384 (2015): 308-313.
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