Individual and school level correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity among school-children in Germany - a multi-level analysis

Czerwinski F, Finne E, Kolip P, Bucksch J (2015)
BMC Public Health 15: 393.

Download
OA
Journal Article | Published | English
Abstract
Background Young people spend half of their days in school, but evidence concerning the influence of school environment on the physical activity (PA) of pupils is still inconsistent. A better understanding of potential correlates of PA on the school-level and their possible interaction with individual aspects is needed to improve the development of more effective interventions. Methods We used data from the 2009/10 German Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study (HBSC)-sample (n=5,005 students aged 11–15 years) including self-reported moderate to vigorous intensity PA as well as a variety of biological, demographic and behavioral correlates and matched them with school-level data from the national school principals’ HBSC questionnaire. We analyzed the associations of individual- and school-level correlates with MVPA by gender-specific multi-level regression. Results Only a small share of the overall variation in student’s PA was attributable to the school-level. Consequently, the associations of individual-level correlates with PA were stronger than those of the school-level. Our analysis revealed significant associations of individual-level (i.e. age, consumption of softdrinks, overweight) as well as school-level correlates (i.e. the availability of a football ground and a swimming pool) with MVPA. We also observed some gender-specific findings especially for the school level correlates. Cross-level interactions between individual- and school-level were not apparent. Conclusions Our findings indicate the usefulness of applying an ecological framework to understand and explain complex health behaviors like PA. As we found gender-specific association it might be important to acknowledge that boys and girls have specific needs to be more physically active. Further research should also take other features/elements of the school environment and neighborhood as well as socio-cognitive correlates into account to advance the field.
Publishing Year
ISSN
Financial disclosure
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
PUB-ID

Cite this

Czerwinski F, Finne E, Kolip P, Bucksch J. Individual and school level correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity among school-children in Germany - a multi-level analysis. BMC Public Health. 2015;15: 393.
Czerwinski, F., Finne, E., Kolip, P., & Bucksch, J. (2015). Individual and school level correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity among school-children in Germany - a multi-level analysis. BMC Public Health, 15: 393.
Czerwinski, F., Finne, E., Kolip, P., and Bucksch, J. (2015). Individual and school level correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity among school-children in Germany - a multi-level analysis. BMC Public Health 15:393.
Czerwinski, F., et al., 2015. Individual and school level correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity among school-children in Germany - a multi-level analysis. BMC Public Health, 15: 393.
F. Czerwinski, et al., “Individual and school level correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity among school-children in Germany - a multi-level analysis”, BMC Public Health, vol. 15, 2015, : 393.
Czerwinski, F., Finne, E., Kolip, P., Bucksch, J.: Individual and school level correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity among school-children in Germany - a multi-level analysis. BMC Public Health. 15, : 393 (2015).
Czerwinski, Fabian, Finne, Emily, Kolip, Petra, and Bucksch, Jens. “Individual and school level correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity among school-children in Germany - a multi-level analysis”. BMC Public Health 15 (2015): 393.
Main File(s)
Access Level
OA Open Access
Last Uploaded
2016-02-26T06:57:08Z

This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

1 Citation in Europe PMC

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Predictors and grade level trends of school day physical activity achievement in low-income children from the U.S.
Burns RD, Brusseau TA, Fang Y, Myrer RS, Fu Y, Hannon JC., Prev Med Rep 2(), 2015
PMID: 26844162

65 References

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Neighborhood environment and physical activity among youth a review.
Ding D, Sallis JF, Kerr J, Lee S, Rosenberg DE., Am J Prev Med 41(4), 2011
PMID: 21961474
Predicting School Achievement in Boys and Girls
Freudenthaler H, Spinath B, Neubauer A., 2008
Multilevel predictors of adolescent physical activity: a longitudinal analysis.
Hearst MO, Patnode CD, Sirard JR, Farbakhsh K, Lytle LA., Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9(), 2012
PMID: 22309949

AUTHOR UNKNOWN, 0
Theories of how the school environment impacts on student health: systematic review and synthesis.
Bonell CP, Fletcher A, Jamal F, Wells H, Harden A, Murphy S, Thomas J., Health Place 24(), 2013
PMID: 24177419
Built and socioeconomic environments: patterning and associations with physical activity in U.S. adolescents.
Boone-Heinonen J, Evenson KR, Song Y, Gordon-Larsen P., Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 7(), 2010
PMID: 20487564
What proportion of youth are physically active? Measurement issues, levels and recent time trends.
Ekelund U, Tomkinson G, Armstrong N., Br J Sports Med 45(11), 2011
PMID: 21836170
Adjusting for multiple testing--when and how?
Bender R, Lange S., J Clin Epidemiol 54(4), 2001
PMID: 11297884
Understanding physical activity environmental correlates: increased specificity for ecological models.
Giles-Corti B, Timperio A, Bull F, Pikora T., Exerc Sport Sci Rev 33(4), 2005
PMID: 16239834

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

View record in Web of Science®

Sources

PMID: 25928443
PubMed | Europe PMC

Search this title in

Google Scholar