Health-related quality of life in adolescent chronotypes - A model for the effects of sleep problems, sleep-related cognitions, and self-efficacy

Roeser K, Brückner D, Schwerdtle B, Schlarb A, Kübler A (2012)
Chronobiology International 29(10): 1358-1365.

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In adolescence, the circadian preference shifts toward eveningness orientation. Eveningness seems to be negatively correlated with quality of life. The present study investigates influencing factors of this association and proposes a model for the mediating effects of sleep, sleep-related cognitions, and self-efficacy according to chronotype. The sample comprised N = 280 adolescents (172 girls) aged 14–16 yrs (mean = 15.19, SD = .76). Circadian preference, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), sleep disturbances, sleep-related dysfunctional cognitions, and general perceived self-efficacy were assessed online. Morning-orientated adolescents reported significantly higher HRQoL and less insomnia symptoms compared with evening-oriented chronotypes. In the total sample, insomnia symptoms mediated the relationship of chronotype and HRQoL. The strongest predictor of HRQoL in evening types was the degree of sleep-related dysfunctional cognitions. HRQoL in morning types was most strongly predicted by general self-efficacy, i.e., the global confidence in coping abilities. The findings support a negative relationship of eveningness and HRQoL in adolescents. Insomnia symptoms were identified to be mediating factors in this relationship. The influence of the mediating factors on HRQoL differed between morning and evening types. The model provides implications of how to enhance HRQoL in adolescents according to their circadian preference. (Author correspondence: karolin.roeser@uni-wuerzburg.de)
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Roeser K, Brückner D, Schwerdtle B, Schlarb A, Kübler A. Health-related quality of life in adolescent chronotypes - A model for the effects of sleep problems, sleep-related cognitions, and self-efficacy. Chronobiology International. 2012;29(10):1358-1365.
Roeser, K., Brückner, D., Schwerdtle, B., Schlarb, A., & Kübler, A. (2012). Health-related quality of life in adolescent chronotypes - A model for the effects of sleep problems, sleep-related cognitions, and self-efficacy. Chronobiology International, 29(10), 1358-1365.
Roeser, K., Brückner, D., Schwerdtle, B., Schlarb, A., and Kübler, A. (2012). Health-related quality of life in adolescent chronotypes - A model for the effects of sleep problems, sleep-related cognitions, and self-efficacy. Chronobiology International 29, 1358-1365.
Roeser, K., et al., 2012. Health-related quality of life in adolescent chronotypes - A model for the effects of sleep problems, sleep-related cognitions, and self-efficacy. Chronobiology International, 29(10), p 1358-1365.
K. Roeser, et al., “Health-related quality of life in adolescent chronotypes - A model for the effects of sleep problems, sleep-related cognitions, and self-efficacy”, Chronobiology International, vol. 29, 2012, pp. 1358-1365.
Roeser, K., Brückner, D., Schwerdtle, B., Schlarb, A., Kübler, A.: Health-related quality of life in adolescent chronotypes - A model for the effects of sleep problems, sleep-related cognitions, and self-efficacy. Chronobiology International. 29, 1358-1365 (2012).
Roeser, K., Brückner, D., Schwerdtle, B., Schlarb, Angelika, and Kübler, A. “Health-related quality of life in adolescent chronotypes - A model for the effects of sleep problems, sleep-related cognitions, and self-efficacy”. Chronobiology International 29.10 (2012): 1358-1365.
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