Knowledge and attitude towards child marriage practice among women married as children-a qualitative study in urban slums of Lahore, Pakistan

Nasrullah M, Zakar R, Zakria Zakar M, Abbas S, Safdar R, Shaukat M, Krämer A (2014)
BMC Public Health 14(1).

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Background Child marriage (<18 years) is prevalent in Pakistan which is associated with negative health outcomes. Our aim is to describe women’s knowledge and attitude towards child marriage practice who themselves were married as children. Methods Women of reproductive age (15–49 years) who were married prior to 18 years, for at least 5 years and had at least one child birth were recruited from most populous slum areas of Lahore, Pakistan. Themes for the interview were developed using published literature and everyday observations of the researchers. Interviews were conducted by trained interviewers in Urdu language and were translated into English. The interviews were tape-recorded, transcribed, analyzed and categorized into themes. Results Nineteen of 20 participants who agreed to participate were married between 11–17 years. Most respondents were uneducated, poor and were working as housemaids. The majority participants were unaware of the negative health outcomes of child marriages. They appeared satisfied by the decision of their parents of marrying them before 18 years, and even condemned banning child marriages in Pakistan. Strong influence of culture and community perceptions, varying interpretation of religion, and protecting family honor are some of the reasons that were narrated by the participants, which seems playing a role in continuation of child marriage practice in Pakistan. Conclusion Raising awareness of the negative health outcomes of child marriage, implementing and enforcing strict laws against child marriage practice, promoting civil, sexual and reproductive health rights for women, can help eliminate child marriages in Pakistan.
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Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
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Nasrullah M, Zakar R, Zakria Zakar M, et al. Knowledge and attitude towards child marriage practice among women married as children-a qualitative study in urban slums of Lahore, Pakistan. BMC Public Health. 2014;14(1).
Nasrullah, M., Zakar, R., Zakria Zakar, M., Abbas, S., Safdar, R., Shaukat, M., & Krämer, A. (2014). Knowledge and attitude towards child marriage practice among women married as children-a qualitative study in urban slums of Lahore, Pakistan. BMC Public Health, 14(1).
Nasrullah, M., Zakar, R., Zakria Zakar, M., Abbas, S., Safdar, R., Shaukat, M., and Krämer, A. (2014). Knowledge and attitude towards child marriage practice among women married as children-a qualitative study in urban slums of Lahore, Pakistan. BMC Public Health 14.
Nasrullah, M., et al., 2014. Knowledge and attitude towards child marriage practice among women married as children-a qualitative study in urban slums of Lahore, Pakistan. BMC Public Health, 14(1).
M. Nasrullah, et al., “Knowledge and attitude towards child marriage practice among women married as children-a qualitative study in urban slums of Lahore, Pakistan”, BMC Public Health, vol. 14, 2014.
Nasrullah, M., Zakar, R., Zakria Zakar, M., Abbas, S., Safdar, R., Shaukat, M., Krämer, A.: Knowledge and attitude towards child marriage practice among women married as children-a qualitative study in urban slums of Lahore, Pakistan. BMC Public Health. 14, (2014).
Nasrullah, Muazzam, Zakar, Rubeena, Zakria Zakar, Muhammad, Abbas, Safdar, Safdar, Rabia, Shaukat, Mahwish, and Krämer, Alexander. “Knowledge and attitude towards child marriage practice among women married as children-a qualitative study in urban slums of Lahore, Pakistan”. BMC Public Health 14.1 (2014).
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