Frequent electronic media communication with friends is associated with higher adolescent substance use

Gommans R, Stevens GWJM, Finne E, Cillessen AHN, Boniel-Nissim M, ter Bogt TFM (2015)
International Journal of Public Health 60(2): 167-177.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Objectives This study investigated the unique associations between electronic media communication (EMC) with friends and adolescent substance use (tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis), over and beyond the associations of face-to-face (FTF) interactions with friends and the average level of classroom substance use. Methods Drawn from the cross-national 2009/2010 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in The Netherlands, 5,642 Dutch adolescents (M-age = 14.29) reported on their substance use, EMC, and FTF interactions. Two-level multilevel analyses (participants nested within classrooms) were run. Results Electronic media communication was positively associated with adolescent substance use, though significantly more strongly with alcohol (beta = 0.15, SE beta = 0.02) than with tobacco (beta = 0.05, SE beta = 0.02, t (5,180) = 3.33, p < 0.001) or cannabis use (beta = 0.06, SE beta = 0.02, t (5,160) = 2.79, p < 0.01). Further, EMC strengthened several positive associations of FTF interactions and average classroom substance use with adolescent substance use. Conclusions Electronic media communication was uniquely associated with substance use, predominantly with alcohol use. Thus, adolescents' EMC and other online behaviors should not be left unnoticed in substance use research and prevention programs.
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Gommans R, Stevens GWJM, Finne E, Cillessen AHN, Boniel-Nissim M, ter Bogt TFM. Frequent electronic media communication with friends is associated with higher adolescent substance use. International Journal of Public Health. 2015;60(2):167-177.
Gommans, R., Stevens, G. W. J. M., Finne, E., Cillessen, A. H. N., Boniel-Nissim, M., & ter Bogt, T. F. M. (2015). Frequent electronic media communication with friends is associated with higher adolescent substance use. International Journal of Public Health, 60(2), 167-177.
Gommans, R., Stevens, G. W. J. M., Finne, E., Cillessen, A. H. N., Boniel-Nissim, M., and ter Bogt, T. F. M. (2015). Frequent electronic media communication with friends is associated with higher adolescent substance use. International Journal of Public Health 60, 167-177.
Gommans, R., et al., 2015. Frequent electronic media communication with friends is associated with higher adolescent substance use. International Journal of Public Health, 60(2), p 167-177.
R. Gommans, et al., “Frequent electronic media communication with friends is associated with higher adolescent substance use”, International Journal of Public Health, vol. 60, 2015, pp. 167-177.
Gommans, R., Stevens, G.W.J.M., Finne, E., Cillessen, A.H.N., Boniel-Nissim, M., ter Bogt, T.F.M.: Frequent electronic media communication with friends is associated with higher adolescent substance use. International Journal of Public Health. 60, 167-177 (2015).
Gommans, Rob, Stevens, Gonneke W. J. M., Finne, Emily, Cillessen, Antonius H. N., Boniel-Nissim, Meyran, and ter Bogt, Tom F. M. “Frequent electronic media communication with friends is associated with higher adolescent substance use”. International Journal of Public Health 60.2 (2015): 167-177.
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