Halogenotrinitromethanes: A Combined Study in the Crystalline and Gaseous Phase and Using Quantum Chemical Methods

Klapoetke TM, Krumm B, Moll R, Rest SF, Vishnevskiy Y, Reuter C, Stammler H-G, Mitzel NW (2014)
Chemistry - A European Journal 20(40): 12962-12973.

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Abstract
The halogenotrinitromethanes FC(NO2)(3) (1), BrC(NO2)(3) (2), and IC(NO2)(3) (3) were synthesized and fully characterized. The molecular structures of 1-3 were determined in the crystalline state by X-ray diffraction, and gasphase structures of 1 and 2 were determined by electron diffraction. The Hal C bond lengths in F, Cl, and Br C(NO2)(3) in the crystalline state are similar to those in the gas phase. The obtained experimental data are interpreted in terms of Natural Bond Orbitals (NBO), Atoms in Molecules (AIM), and Interacting Quantum Atoms (IQA) theories. All halogenotrinitromethanes show various intra- and intermolecular non-bonded interactions. Intramolecular N...O and Hal...O (Hal = F (1), Br (2), I (3)) interactions, both competitors in terms of the orientation of the nitro groups by rotation about the C N bonds, lead to a propeller-type twisting of these groups favoring the mentioned interactions. The origin of the unusually short Hal C bonds is discussed in detail. The results of this study are compared to the molecular structure of CIC (NO2)(3)and the respective interactions therein.
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Klapoetke TM, Krumm B, Moll R, et al. Halogenotrinitromethanes: A Combined Study in the Crystalline and Gaseous Phase and Using Quantum Chemical Methods. Chemistry - A European Journal. 2014;20(40):12962-12973.
Klapoetke, T. M., Krumm, B., Moll, R., Rest, S. F., Vishnevskiy, Y., Reuter, C., Stammler, H. - G., et al. (2014). Halogenotrinitromethanes: A Combined Study in the Crystalline and Gaseous Phase and Using Quantum Chemical Methods. Chemistry - A European Journal, 20(40), 12962-12973.
Klapoetke, T. M., Krumm, B., Moll, R., Rest, S. F., Vishnevskiy, Y., Reuter, C., Stammler, H. - G., and Mitzel, N. W. (2014). Halogenotrinitromethanes: A Combined Study in the Crystalline and Gaseous Phase and Using Quantum Chemical Methods. Chemistry - A European Journal 20, 12962-12973.
Klapoetke, T.M., et al., 2014. Halogenotrinitromethanes: A Combined Study in the Crystalline and Gaseous Phase and Using Quantum Chemical Methods. Chemistry - A European Journal, 20(40), p 12962-12973.
T.M. Klapoetke, et al., “Halogenotrinitromethanes: A Combined Study in the Crystalline and Gaseous Phase and Using Quantum Chemical Methods”, Chemistry - A European Journal, vol. 20, 2014, pp. 12962-12973.
Klapoetke, T.M., Krumm, B., Moll, R., Rest, S.F., Vishnevskiy, Y., Reuter, C., Stammler, H.-G., Mitzel, N.W.: Halogenotrinitromethanes: A Combined Study in the Crystalline and Gaseous Phase and Using Quantum Chemical Methods. Chemistry - A European Journal. 20, 12962-12973 (2014).
Klapoetke, Thomas M., Krumm, Burkhard, Moll, Richard, Rest, Sebastian F., Vishnevskiy, Yury, Reuter, Christian, Stammler, Hans-Georg, and Mitzel, Norbert W. “Halogenotrinitromethanes: A Combined Study in the Crystalline and Gaseous Phase and Using Quantum Chemical Methods”. Chemistry - A European Journal 20.40 (2014): 12962-12973.
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