Subjective memory complaints and memory performance in patients with borderline personality disorder

Beblo T, Mensebach C, Wingenfeld K, Rullkoetter N, Schlosser N, Driessen M (2014)
BMC Psychiatry 14(1).

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Background It is still a matter of debate as to whether patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) suffer from memory deficits. Existing studies indicate no or small impairments in memory test performance. However, it was shown in patients with related disorders, such as depression, that self-reported impairment exceeds test malfunction. In the present study we assessed memory performance of BPD patients through the use of memory tests and a questionnaire for subjective memory complaints (SMC) in everyday life. Methods Thirty-two patients with BPD and 32 healthy control subjects were included in the study. The groups of subjects were comparable with respect to age, education, and gender. Subjects completed verbal and nonverbal memory tests, as well as the everyday memory questionnaire (EMQ). Results BPD patients reported severe SMC but did not show memory test impairment. The results remained stable even when all BPD patients with acute or lifetime depression comorbidity were excluded from analyses. In both groups, SMC and test performances were not related but in BPD patients SMC were related to BPD symptoms. Conclusions Our data indicate memory impairment of BPD patients in everyday life. However, it cannot be ruled out that increased memory complaints result from patients’ negative self-perception. Future research needs to clarify the reasons for memory complaints of BPD patients.
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Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
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Beblo T, Mensebach C, Wingenfeld K, Rullkoetter N, Schlosser N, Driessen M. Subjective memory complaints and memory performance in patients with borderline personality disorder. BMC Psychiatry. 2014;14(1).
Beblo, T., Mensebach, C., Wingenfeld, K., Rullkoetter, N., Schlosser, N., & Driessen, M. (2014). Subjective memory complaints and memory performance in patients with borderline personality disorder. BMC Psychiatry, 14(1).
Beblo, T., Mensebach, C., Wingenfeld, K., Rullkoetter, N., Schlosser, N., and Driessen, M. (2014). Subjective memory complaints and memory performance in patients with borderline personality disorder. BMC Psychiatry 14.
Beblo, T., et al., 2014. Subjective memory complaints and memory performance in patients with borderline personality disorder. BMC Psychiatry, 14(1).
T. Beblo, et al., “Subjective memory complaints and memory performance in patients with borderline personality disorder”, BMC Psychiatry, vol. 14, 2014.
Beblo, T., Mensebach, C., Wingenfeld, K., Rullkoetter, N., Schlosser, N., Driessen, M.: Subjective memory complaints and memory performance in patients with borderline personality disorder. BMC Psychiatry. 14, (2014).
Beblo, Thomas, Mensebach, Christoph, Wingenfeld, Katja, Rullkoetter, Nina, Schlosser, Nicole, and Driessen, Martin. “Subjective memory complaints and memory performance in patients with borderline personality disorder”. BMC Psychiatry 14.1 (2014).
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