Gross and Fine Motor Differences Between Cameroonian and German Children Aged 3 to 40 Months: Results of a Cross-Cultural Longitudinal Study

Lohaus A, Lamm B, Keller H, Teubert M, Fassbender I, Glüer M, Borchert S, Voehringer I, Teiser J, Freitag C, Suhrke J, et al. (2014)
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 45(8): 1328-1341.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
Based on longitudinal data, this study compared the gross and fine motor development of Cameroonian Nso children and German middle-class children with assessments at 3, 6, 9, and 40 months. A total of 345 infants from Cameroon (n = 73) and Germany (n = 272) were recruited for this study. Complete longitudinal gross and fine motor assessments based on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development III were available for subsamples of the originally recruited children. As the results show, the predictability of the 40-months assessments from the previous assessments at 3, 6, and 9 months was low. The early gross motor differences between the Cameroonian and the German children decreased across age. Although the differences had disappeared at 40 months at the Bayley scale level, differences at the item level were still substantial. In contrast to gross motor development, the cultural differences regarding fine motor development increased from 3 to 40 months. This increase was not only shown at the scale level but also reflected at the item level. The developmental pattern is discussed with regard to possible consequences for using developmental tests in different cultural contexts.
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Lohaus A, Lamm B, Keller H, et al. Gross and Fine Motor Differences Between Cameroonian and German Children Aged 3 to 40 Months: Results of a Cross-Cultural Longitudinal Study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2014;45(8):1328-1341.
Lohaus, A., Lamm, B., Keller, H., Teubert, M., Fassbender, I., Glüer, M., Borchert, S., et al. (2014). Gross and Fine Motor Differences Between Cameroonian and German Children Aged 3 to 40 Months: Results of a Cross-Cultural Longitudinal Study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45(8), 1328-1341.
Lohaus, A., Lamm, B., Keller, H., Teubert, M., Fassbender, I., Glüer, M., Borchert, S., Voehringer, I., Teiser, J., Freitag, C., et al. (2014). Gross and Fine Motor Differences Between Cameroonian and German Children Aged 3 to 40 Months: Results of a Cross-Cultural Longitudinal Study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 45, 1328-1341.
Lohaus, A., et al., 2014. Gross and Fine Motor Differences Between Cameroonian and German Children Aged 3 to 40 Months: Results of a Cross-Cultural Longitudinal Study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45(8), p 1328-1341.
A. Lohaus, et al., “Gross and Fine Motor Differences Between Cameroonian and German Children Aged 3 to 40 Months: Results of a Cross-Cultural Longitudinal Study”, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, vol. 45, 2014, pp. 1328-1341.
Lohaus, A., Lamm, B., Keller, H., Teubert, M., Fassbender, I., Glüer, M., Borchert, S., Voehringer, I., Teiser, J., Freitag, C., Suhrke, J., Knopf, M., Schwarzer, G.: Gross and Fine Motor Differences Between Cameroonian and German Children Aged 3 to 40 Months: Results of a Cross-Cultural Longitudinal Study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 45, 1328-1341 (2014).
Lohaus, Arnold, Lamm, Bettina, Keller, Heidi, Teubert, Manuel, Fassbender, Ina, Glüer, Michael, Borchert, Sonja, Voehringer, Isabel, Teiser, Johanna, Freitag, Claudia, Suhrke, Janina, Knopf, Monika, and Schwarzer, Gudrun. “Gross and Fine Motor Differences Between Cameroonian and German Children Aged 3 to 40 Months: Results of a Cross-Cultural Longitudinal Study”. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 45.8 (2014): 1328-1341.
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