African Versus Caucasian Faces in a Visual Expectation Paradigm: A Longitudinal Study With German and Cameroonian Infants

Faßbender I, Lohaus A, Thomas H, Teubert M, Vierhaus M, Lamm B, Freitag C, Graf F, Keller H, Schwarzer G, Knopf M (2014)
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 45(8): 1273-1287.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
This article focuses on sequence learning on the Visual Expectation Paradigm (VExP) using human faces as stimulus material. For a sample of 133 Caucasian German infants assessed longitudinally at 3 and 6 months of age, a previous study has shown that the response latency of 6-month-old infants was shorter when the infants solved the task with Caucasian own-race faces in contrast to African other-race faces. The advantage for own-race faces occurs at the same age the Other-Race-Effect (ORE) has been reported to emerge. As studies on ORE development have shown the phenomenon in infants from various cultural backgrounds, the follow-up question to be answered here is whether the performance differences on the VExP can also be found in other than Caucasian infants. As a complement to the German sample, 30 African infants from Cameroon were assessed longitudinally with the same VExP task at ages 3 and 6 months. Our results indicate that perception differences between own-race and other-race faces influence performance on the VExP in both samples. As expected, the Cameroonian infants improved performance on the VExP from 3 to 6 months only in their own-race African faces condition.
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Faßbender I, Lohaus A, Thomas H, et al. African Versus Caucasian Faces in a Visual Expectation Paradigm: A Longitudinal Study With German and Cameroonian Infants. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2014;45(8):1273-1287.
Faßbender, I., Lohaus, A., Thomas, H., Teubert, M., Vierhaus, M., Lamm, B., Freitag, C., et al. (2014). African Versus Caucasian Faces in a Visual Expectation Paradigm: A Longitudinal Study With German and Cameroonian Infants. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45(8), 1273-1287.
Faßbender, I., Lohaus, A., Thomas, H., Teubert, M., Vierhaus, M., Lamm, B., Freitag, C., Graf, F., Keller, H., Schwarzer, G., et al. (2014). African Versus Caucasian Faces in a Visual Expectation Paradigm: A Longitudinal Study With German and Cameroonian Infants. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 45, 1273-1287.
Faßbender, I., et al., 2014. African Versus Caucasian Faces in a Visual Expectation Paradigm: A Longitudinal Study With German and Cameroonian Infants. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45(8), p 1273-1287.
I. Faßbender, et al., “African Versus Caucasian Faces in a Visual Expectation Paradigm: A Longitudinal Study With German and Cameroonian Infants”, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, vol. 45, 2014, pp. 1273-1287.
Faßbender, I., Lohaus, A., Thomas, H., Teubert, M., Vierhaus, M., Lamm, B., Freitag, C., Graf, F., Keller, H., Schwarzer, G., Knopf, M.: African Versus Caucasian Faces in a Visual Expectation Paradigm: A Longitudinal Study With German and Cameroonian Infants. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 45, 1273-1287 (2014).
Faßbender, Ina, Lohaus, Arnold, Thomas, Hoben, Teubert, Manuel, Vierhaus, Marc, Lamm, Bettina, Freitag, Claudia, Graf, Frauke, Keller, Heidi, Schwarzer, Gudrun, and Knopf, Monika. “African Versus Caucasian Faces in a Visual Expectation Paradigm: A Longitudinal Study With German and Cameroonian Infants”. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 45.8 (2014): 1273-1287.
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