A just gender pay gap? Three factorial survey studies on justice evaluations of earnings for male an female employees

Sauer C (2014) SFB 882 Working Paper Series; 29.
Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities.

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Abstract
The study investigates justice evaluations of earnings for male and female employees and links them to the actual inequality people are embedded in. Previous studies in non-reflexive sociological justice research found mixed results. Some studies report a just gender pay gap favoring men; others do not find this gap. This study provides an explanation for these mixed results by combining sociological justice research and status construction theory. Three factorial survey studies were carried out consisting of descriptions of employees with varying characteristics including gender. One study was conducted with social sciences students and two with population samples of German inhabitants. Results show that social sciences students revealed no gender gap in their ratings. In the population surveys, both men and women, showed a rating behavior favoring male employees. The findings indicate that actual inequalities between men and women influence the existence, sign, and size of a just gender pay gap.
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Sauer C. A just gender pay gap? Three factorial survey studies on justice evaluations of earnings for male an female employees. SFB 882 Working Paper Series. Vol 29. Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities; 2014.
Sauer, C. (2014). A just gender pay gap? Three factorial survey studies on justice evaluations of earnings for male an female employees (SFB 882 Working Paper Series, 29). Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities.
Sauer, C. (2014). A just gender pay gap? Three factorial survey studies on justice evaluations of earnings for male an female employees. SFB 882 Working Paper Series, 29, Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities.
Sauer, C., 2014. A just gender pay gap? Three factorial survey studies on justice evaluations of earnings for male an female employees, SFB 882 Working Paper Series, no.29, Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities.
C. Sauer, A just gender pay gap? Three factorial survey studies on justice evaluations of earnings for male an female employees, SFB 882 Working Paper Series, vol. 29, Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities, 2014.
Sauer, C.: A just gender pay gap? Three factorial survey studies on justice evaluations of earnings for male an female employees. SFB 882 Working Paper Series, 29. DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities, Bielefeld (2014).
Sauer, Carsten. A just gender pay gap? Three factorial survey studies on justice evaluations of earnings for male an female employees. Bielefeld: DFG Research Center (SFB) 882 From Heterogeneities to Inequalities, 2014. SFB 882 Working Paper Series. 29.
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