Antioxidant enzyme activities and gene expression patterns in peanut nodules during a drought and rehydration cycle

Laura Furlan A, Bianucci E, del Carmen Tordable M, Castro S, Dietz K-J (2014)
Functional Plant Biology 41(7): 704-713.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
Drought stress is one of the most important environmental factors that affect plant growth and limit biomass production. Most studies focus on drought stress development but the reversibility of the effects receives less attention. Therefore, the present work aims to explore the biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) of the symbiotic association between peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) and Bradyrhizobium sp. during a drought-recovery cycle with a focus on the response of enzyme activity and gene expression of the antioxidant system. Peanuts exposed to drought stress had impaired BNF, as indicated by lower nitrogenase activity, and decreased leghaemoglobin content; the latter was reversed to control values upon rehydration. Previous results demonstrated that reactive oxygen species (O-2(center dot-) and H2O2) were accumulated as a consequence of drought stress, suggesting that nodules experience oxidative stress. In addition, marker transcripts responsive to drought, abscisic acid and H2O2 were upregulated. Increased transcript levels of glutathione reductase were associated with an increased enzyme activity but superoxide dismutase and glutathione S-transferase activities were unchanged, despite upregulated gene transcription. In contrast, increased activity of ascorbate peroxidase (APX) was unrelated with changes in cytosolic APX transcript levels suggesting isogene specificity. In conclusion, the work exemplarily demonstrates the efficient and dynamic regulation of antioxidant enzymes and marker compounds during drought cycling, which is likely to be a prerequisite for functional optimisation of nodule metabolism.
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Laura Furlan A, Bianucci E, del Carmen Tordable M, Castro S, Dietz K-J. Antioxidant enzyme activities and gene expression patterns in peanut nodules during a drought and rehydration cycle. Functional Plant Biology. 2014;41(7):704-713.
Laura Furlan, A., Bianucci, E., del Carmen Tordable, M., Castro, S., & Dietz, K. - J. (2014). Antioxidant enzyme activities and gene expression patterns in peanut nodules during a drought and rehydration cycle. Functional Plant Biology, 41(7), 704-713.
Laura Furlan, A., Bianucci, E., del Carmen Tordable, M., Castro, S., and Dietz, K. - J. (2014). Antioxidant enzyme activities and gene expression patterns in peanut nodules during a drought and rehydration cycle. Functional Plant Biology 41, 704-713.
Laura Furlan, A., et al., 2014. Antioxidant enzyme activities and gene expression patterns in peanut nodules during a drought and rehydration cycle. Functional Plant Biology, 41(7), p 704-713.
A. Laura Furlan, et al., “Antioxidant enzyme activities and gene expression patterns in peanut nodules during a drought and rehydration cycle”, Functional Plant Biology, vol. 41, 2014, pp. 704-713.
Laura Furlan, A., Bianucci, E., del Carmen Tordable, M., Castro, S., Dietz, K.-J.: Antioxidant enzyme activities and gene expression patterns in peanut nodules during a drought and rehydration cycle. Functional Plant Biology. 41, 704-713 (2014).
Laura Furlan, Ana, Bianucci, Eliana, del Carmen Tordable, Maria, Castro, Stella, and Dietz, Karl-Josef. “Antioxidant enzyme activities and gene expression patterns in peanut nodules during a drought and rehydration cycle”. Functional Plant Biology 41.7 (2014): 704-713.
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