Are rural-urban migrants living in urban slums more vulnerable in terms of housing, health knowledge, smoking, mental and general health?

Khan MH, Krämer A (2014)
International Journal of Social Welfare 23(4): 373-383.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
The magnitude of rural-urban migration in Bangladesh is increasing. Rapid urbanisation and a growing number of slums (dominated by migrants) pose many challenges to health. To our knowledge, studies regarding internal migration and health are scarce and results are mixed. Therefore, we compared several aspects, namely: housing, health knowledge, smoking, mental and general health, for three groups of migrants, designated urban natives/urban to urban migrants (UN/UU), rural to urban migrants (RU) and rural natives/rural to rural migrants (RN/RR). Results based on a sample of 5,136 adults indicated that the majority of respondents were less than 50 years old, female, married and uneducated. The percentages of UN/UU, RU and RN/RR migrants were 9.6, 69.2 and 21.3, respectively. As both bivariable and multivariable analyses indicated greater vulnerability among RU migrants in terms of the above-mentioned aspects, this particular group deserves more attention from policy-makers and other stakeholders. Some implications are also discussed.
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Khan MH, Krämer A. Are rural-urban migrants living in urban slums more vulnerable in terms of housing, health knowledge, smoking, mental and general health? International Journal of Social Welfare. 2014;23(4):373-383.
Khan, M. H., & Krämer, A. (2014). Are rural-urban migrants living in urban slums more vulnerable in terms of housing, health knowledge, smoking, mental and general health? International Journal of Social Welfare, 23(4), 373-383.
Khan, M. H., and Krämer, A. (2014). Are rural-urban migrants living in urban slums more vulnerable in terms of housing, health knowledge, smoking, mental and general health? International Journal of Social Welfare 23, 373-383.
Khan, M.H., & Krämer, A., 2014. Are rural-urban migrants living in urban slums more vulnerable in terms of housing, health knowledge, smoking, mental and general health? International Journal of Social Welfare, 23(4), p 373-383.
M.H. Khan and A. Krämer, “Are rural-urban migrants living in urban slums more vulnerable in terms of housing, health knowledge, smoking, mental and general health?”, International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 23, 2014, pp. 373-383.
Khan, M.H., Krämer, A.: Are rural-urban migrants living in urban slums more vulnerable in terms of housing, health knowledge, smoking, mental and general health? International Journal of Social Welfare. 23, 373-383 (2014).
Khan, Mobarak Hossain, and Krämer, Alexander. “Are rural-urban migrants living in urban slums more vulnerable in terms of housing, health knowledge, smoking, mental and general health?”. International Journal of Social Welfare 23.4 (2014): 373-383.
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