On the Stability of Perfluoroalkyl-Substituted Singlet Carbenes: A Coupled-Cluster Quantum Chemical Study

Rozhenko AB, Schoeller W, Leszczynski J (2014)
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 118(8): 1479-1488.

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A series of trifluoromethyl-substituted carbenes R-C(:)-CF3 (R = NMe2, OMe, F, PMe2, P(NMe2)(2), P(N(Pr-i)(2))(2), SMe, Cl); (dimethylamino)-(perfluoroalkyl)carbenes Me2N-C(:)-R (R = CF3, C2F5, n-C3F7, i-C3F7, and t-C4F9) and symmetrically substituted carbenes R-C(:)-R (R = NMe2, OMe, F, PMe2, SMe, Cl) have been investigated by means of quantum chemistry methods. Different levels of approximation were used, including the CCSD(T) approach also known in quantum chemistry as the "golden standard", in combination with three different basis sets (TZVP, cc-pVDZ, -cc-pVTZ). Relative stabilities of carbenes have been estimated using the differences between the singlet and triplet ground state energies (Delta E-ST) and energies of the hydrogenation reaction for the singlet and triplet ground states of the carbenes. The latter seem to correlate better with stability of carbenes than the Delta E-ST values. The C-13 NMR chemical shifts of the methylidene carbon indicate the more high-field chemical shift values in the known, isolable carbenes compared to the unstable ones. This is the first report on the expected chemical shifts in the highly unstable singlet carbenes. Using these criteria, some carbene structures from the studied series (as, for instance, Me2N-C(:)-CF3, Me2N-C(:)-C3F7-i) are proposed as good candidates for the experimental preparation.
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Rozhenko AB, Schoeller W, Leszczynski J. On the Stability of Perfluoroalkyl-Substituted Singlet Carbenes: A Coupled-Cluster Quantum Chemical Study. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 2014;118(8):1479-1488.
Rozhenko, A. B., Schoeller, W., & Leszczynski, J. (2014). On the Stability of Perfluoroalkyl-Substituted Singlet Carbenes: A Coupled-Cluster Quantum Chemical Study. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 118(8), 1479-1488.
Rozhenko, A. B., Schoeller, W., and Leszczynski, J. (2014). On the Stability of Perfluoroalkyl-Substituted Singlet Carbenes: A Coupled-Cluster Quantum Chemical Study. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 118, 1479-1488.
Rozhenko, A.B., Schoeller, W., & Leszczynski, J., 2014. On the Stability of Perfluoroalkyl-Substituted Singlet Carbenes: A Coupled-Cluster Quantum Chemical Study. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 118(8), p 1479-1488.
A.B. Rozhenko, W. Schoeller, and J. Leszczynski, “On the Stability of Perfluoroalkyl-Substituted Singlet Carbenes: A Coupled-Cluster Quantum Chemical Study”, The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, vol. 118, 2014, pp. 1479-1488.
Rozhenko, A.B., Schoeller, W., Leszczynski, J.: On the Stability of Perfluoroalkyl-Substituted Singlet Carbenes: A Coupled-Cluster Quantum Chemical Study. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 118, 1479-1488 (2014).
Rozhenko, Alexander B., Schoeller, Wolfgang, and Leszczynski, Jerzy. “On the Stability of Perfluoroalkyl-Substituted Singlet Carbenes: A Coupled-Cluster Quantum Chemical Study”. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 118.8 (2014): 1479-1488.
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1,2-migration in N-phosphano functionalized N-heterocyclic carbenes.
Kirilchuk AA, Yurchenko AA, Kostyuk AN, Rozhenko AB., J Comput Chem 36(1), 2015
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