Frequency of child maltreatment in a representative sample of the German population

Iffland B, Brähler E, Neuner F, Häuser W, Glaesmer H (2013)
BMC Public Health 13(1).

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Abstract
Background Representative data about the frequency of child maltreatment is needed in order to estimate the extent of the problem in the wider population as well as to provide the basis for interpretation of frequency rates in clinical samples. However, previous representative studies on the frequency of child maltreatment in Germany and other countries were limited as they focused on the assessment of physical and sexual abuse whilst emotional forms of maltreatment were ignored. In addition, previous studies applied scales that had not been validated against external criteria. Methods In a cross-sectional study, standardized questionnaires were administered to a representative sample of the German population. Maltreatment in childhood and adolescence was assessed using the German version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Empirically derived threshold values for the five different types of child maltreatment including emotional maltreatment were applied to determine presence of abuse and neglect. Results Complete data was available from N = 2,500 subjects. Prevalence rates were 13.9% for emotional neglect, 10.2% for emotional abuse, 12.0% for physical abuse, 48.4% for physical neglect, and 6.2% for sexual abuse. Differences between sexes were found for the frequency of sexual abuse. Conclusions Although our analysis has found lower rates of child maltreatment than previous reports that used less well validated criteria, the results of this study confirm that child abuse, with its many different facets, is a significant problem in Germany.
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Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University.
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Iffland B, Brähler E, Neuner F, Häuser W, Glaesmer H. Frequency of child maltreatment in a representative sample of the German population. BMC Public Health. 2013;13(1).
Iffland, B., Brähler, E., Neuner, F., Häuser, W., & Glaesmer, H. (2013). Frequency of child maltreatment in a representative sample of the German population. BMC Public Health, 13(1).
Iffland, B., Brähler, E., Neuner, F., Häuser, W., and Glaesmer, H. (2013). Frequency of child maltreatment in a representative sample of the German population. BMC Public Health 13.
Iffland, B., et al., 2013. Frequency of child maltreatment in a representative sample of the German population. BMC Public Health, 13(1).
B. Iffland, et al., “Frequency of child maltreatment in a representative sample of the German population”, BMC Public Health, vol. 13, 2013.
Iffland, B., Brähler, E., Neuner, F., Häuser, W., Glaesmer, H.: Frequency of child maltreatment in a representative sample of the German population. BMC Public Health. 13, (2013).
Iffland, Benjamin, Brähler, Elmar, Neuner, Frank, Häuser, Winfried, and Glaesmer, Heide. “Frequency of child maltreatment in a representative sample of the German population”. BMC Public Health 13.1 (2013).
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8 Citations in Europe PMC

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Prolonged Exposure for Treating PTSD Among Female Methadone Patients Who Were Survivors of Sexual Abuse in Israel.
Schiff M, Nacasch N, Levit S, Katz N, Foa EB., Soc Work Health Care 54(8), 2015
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Influence of Sex on Suicidal Phenotypes in Affective Disorder Patients with Traumatic Childhood Experiences.
Bernegger A, Kienesberger K, Carlberg L, Swoboda P, Ludwig B, Koller R, Kapusta ND, Aigner M, Haslacher H, Schmoger M, Kasper S, Schosser A., PLoS ONE 10(9), 2015
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Dissociation is associated with emotional maltreatment in a sample of traumatized women with a history of child abuse.
Haferkamp L, Bebermeier A, Mollering A, Neuner F., J Trauma Dissociation 16(1), 2015
PMID: 25365464

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