A universal strategy for visually guided landing

Baird E, Boeddeker N, Ibbotson MR, Srinivasan MV (2013)
Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences 110(46): 18686-18691.

Download
No fulltext has been uploaded. References only!
Journal Article | Original Article | Published | English

No fulltext has been uploaded

Author
; ; ;
Abstract
Landing is a challenging aspect of flight because, to land safely, speed must be decreased to a value close to zero at touchdown. The mechanisms by which animals achieve this remain unclear. When landing on horizontal surfaces, honey bees control their speed by holding constant the rate of front-to-back image motion (optic flow) generated by the surface as they reduce altitude. As inclination increases, however, this simple pattern of optic flow becomes increasingly complex. How do honey bees control speed when landing on surfaces that have different orientations? To answer this, we analyze the trajectories of honey bees landing on a vertical surface that produces various patterns of motion. We find that landing honey bees control their speed by holding the rate of expansion of the image constant. We then test and confirm this hypothesis rigorously by analyzing landings when the apparent rate of expansion generated by the surface is manipulated artificially. This strategy ensures that speed is reduced, gradually and automatically, as the surface is approached. We then develop a mathematical model of this strategy and show that it can effectively be used to guide smooth landings on surfaces of any orientation, including horizontal surfaces. This biological strategy for guiding landings does not require knowledge about either the distance to the surface or the speed at which it is approached. The simplicity and generality of this landing strategy suggests that it is likely to be exploited by other flying animals and makes it ideal for implementation in the guidance systems of flying robots.
Publishing Year
ISSN
eISSN
PUB-ID

Cite this

Baird E, Boeddeker N, Ibbotson MR, Srinivasan MV. A universal strategy for visually guided landing. Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences. 2013;110(46):18686-18691.
Baird, E., Boeddeker, N., Ibbotson, M. R., & Srinivasan, M. V. (2013). A universal strategy for visually guided landing. Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences, 110(46), 18686-18691. doi:10.1073/pnas.1314311110
Baird, E., Boeddeker, N., Ibbotson, M. R., and Srinivasan, M. V. (2013). A universal strategy for visually guided landing. Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences 110, 18686-18691.
Baird, E., et al., 2013. A universal strategy for visually guided landing. Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences, 110(46), p 18686-18691.
E. Baird, et al., “A universal strategy for visually guided landing”, Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences, vol. 110, 2013, pp. 18686-18691.
Baird, E., Boeddeker, N., Ibbotson, M.R., Srinivasan, M.V.: A universal strategy for visually guided landing. Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences. 110, 18686-18691 (2013).
Baird, Emily, Boeddeker, Norbert, Ibbotson, Michael R., and Srinivasan, Mandyam V. “A universal strategy for visually guided landing”. Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences 110.46 (2013): 18686-18691.
This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

21 Citations in Europe PMC

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Fabrication of Cu2 O-based Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries.
Zhang L, Li Q, Xue H, Pang H., ChemSusChem (), 2018
PMID: 29316323
The optomotor response of the praying mantis is driven predominantly by the central visual field.
Nityananda V, Tarawneh G, Errington S, Serrano-Pedraza I, Read J., J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 203(1), 2017
PMID: 28005254
A Novel Interception Strategy in a Miniature Robber Fly with Extreme Visual Acuity.
Wardill TJ, Fabian ST, Pettigrew AC, Stavenga DG, Nordström K, Gonzalez-Bellido PT., Curr Biol 27(6), 2017
PMID: 28286000
Neural basis of forward flight control and landing in honeybees.
Ibbotson MR, Hung YS, Meffin H, Boeddeker N, Srinivasan MV., Sci Rep 7(1), 2017
PMID: 29109404
Kinematic compensation for wing loss in flying damselflies.
Kassner Z, Dafni E, Ribak G., J Insect Physiol 85(), 2016
PMID: 26598807
Aerodynamics, sensing and control of insect-scale flapping-wing flight.
Shyy W, Kang CK, Chirarattananon P, Ravi S, Liu H., Proc Math Phys Eng Sci 472(2186), 2016
PMID: 27118897
How Wasps Acquire and Use Views for Homing.
Stürzl W, Zeil J, Boeddeker N, Hemmi JM., Curr Biol 26(4), 2016
PMID: 26877083
The final moments of landing in bumblebees, Bombus terrestris.
Reber T, Baird E, Dacke M., J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 202(4), 2016
PMID: 26868924
Object Recognition in Flight: How Do Bees Distinguish between 3D Shapes?
Werner A, Stürzl W, Zanker J., PLoS One 11(2), 2016
PMID: 26886006
Perching and takeoff of a robotic insect on overhangs using switchable electrostatic adhesion.
Graule MA, Chirarattananon P, Fuller SB, Jafferis NT, Ma KY, Spenko M, Kornbluh R, Wood RJ., Science 352(6288), 2016
PMID: 27199427
Bumblebees Perform Well-Controlled Landings in Dim Light.
Reber T, Dacke M, Warrant E, Baird E., Front Behav Neurosci 10(), 2016
PMID: 27683546
Motion cues improve the performance of harnessed bees in a colour learning task.
Balamurali GS, Somanathan H, Hempel de Ibarra N., J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 201(5), 2015
PMID: 25739517
Science, technology and the future of small autonomous drones.
Floreano D, Wood RJ., Nature 521(7553), 2015
PMID: 26017445
More than colour attraction: behavioural functions of flower patterns.
Hempel de Ibarra N, Langridge KV, Vorobyev M., Curr Opin Insect Sci 12(), 2015
PMID: 27064650
Conceptualization of relative size by honeybees.
Avarguès-Weber A, d'Amaro D, Metzler M, Dyer AG., Front Behav Neurosci 8(), 2014
PMID: 24672444

23 References

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Time course of the housefly’s landing response
Borst A., 1986
Spatio-temporal integration of motion
Borst A, Bahde S., 1988
The landing responses of insects: I. The landing response of the fly, Lucilia sericata, and other Calliphorinae
Goodman LJ., 1960
Landing strategies in honeybees, and possible applications to autonomous airborne vehicles.
Srinivasan MV, Zhang S, Chahl JS., Biol. Bull. 200(2), 2001
PMID: 11341587
How honeybees make grazing landings on flat surfaces.
Srinivasan MV, Zhang SW, Chahl JS, Barth E, Venkatesh S., Biol Cybern 83(3), 2000
PMID: 11007294
The visual control of landing and obstacle avoidance in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster.
van Breugel F, Dickinson MH., J. Exp. Biol. 215(Pt 11), 2012
PMID: 22573757
Flow-field variables trigger landing in flies
Wagner H., 1982
Is the landing response of the housefly (Musca) driven by motion of a flowfield?
Wehrhahn C, Hausen K, Zanker JM., 1981
Visual control of velocity of approach by pigeons when landing
Lee DN, Davies MNO, Green P, van FR., 1993
Optic flow-field variables trigger landing in hawk but not in pigeons.
Davies MN, Green PR., Naturwissenschaften 77(3), 1990
PMID: 2342582
How insects infer range from visual motion.
Srinivasan MV., Rev Oculomot Res 5(), 1993
PMID: 8420547
Depth vision in animals
Collett TS, Harkness LIK., 1982
Zum binokularen Entfernungssehen der Insekten
Burkhardt D, Darnhofer-Demar B, Fischer K., 1973
Local structure of movement parallax of the plane
Koenderink JJ, van AJ., 1976
The moment before touchdown: landing manoeuvres of the honeybee Apis mellifera.
Evangelista C, Kraft P, Dacke M, Reinhard J, Srinivasan MV., J. Exp. Biol. 213(2), 2010
PMID: 20038660
Range perception through apparent image speed in freely flying honeybees.
Srinivasan MV, Lehrer M, Kirchner WH, Zhang SW., Vis. Neurosci. 6(5), 1991
PMID: 2069903
Honeybee navigation en route to the goal: visual flight control and odometry
Srinivasan M, Zhang S, Lehrer M, Collett T., J. Exp. Biol. 199(Pt 1), 1996
PMID: 9317712
Honeybee navigation: properties of the visually driven 'odometer'.
Si A, Srinivasan MV, Zhang S., J. Exp. Biol. 206(Pt 8), 2003
PMID: 12624162
Visual control of flight speed in honeybees.
Baird E, Srinivasan MV, Zhang S, Cowling A., J. Exp. Biol. 208(Pt 20), 2005
PMID: 16215217
The optic flow field: the foundation of vision.
Lee DN., Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. 290(1038), 1980
PMID: 6106236

AUTHOR UNKNOWN, 0

McCulloch CE, Searle SR., 2001

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

View record in Web of Science®

Sources

PMID: 24167269
PubMed | Europe PMC

Search this title in

Google Scholar