Transverse Spin Seebeck Effect versus Anomalous and Planar Nernst Effects in Permalloy Thin Films

Schmid M, Srichandan S, Meier D, Kuschel T, Schmalhorst J-M, Vogel M, Reiss G, Strunk C, Back CH (2013)
Physical Review Letters 111(18): 187201.

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Transverse magnetothermoelectric effects are studied in Permalloy thin films grown on MgO and GaAs substrates and compared to those grown on suspended SiNx membranes. The transverse voltage along platinum strips patterned on top of the Permalloy films is measured versus the external magnetic field as a function of the angle and temperature gradients. After the identification of the contribution of the planar and anomalous Nernst effects, we find an upper limit for the transverse spin Seebeck effect, which is several orders of magnitude smaller than previously reported.
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Schmid M, Srichandan S, Meier D, et al. Transverse Spin Seebeck Effect versus Anomalous and Planar Nernst Effects in Permalloy Thin Films. Physical Review Letters. 2013;111(18): 187201.
Schmid, M., Srichandan, S., Meier, D., Kuschel, T., Schmalhorst, J. - M., Vogel, M., Reiss, G., et al. (2013). Transverse Spin Seebeck Effect versus Anomalous and Planar Nernst Effects in Permalloy Thin Films. Physical Review Letters, 111(18), 187201. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.187201
Schmid, M., Srichandan, S., Meier, D., Kuschel, T., Schmalhorst, J. - M., Vogel, M., Reiss, G., Strunk, C., and Back, C. H. (2013). Transverse Spin Seebeck Effect versus Anomalous and Planar Nernst Effects in Permalloy Thin Films. Physical Review Letters 111:187201.
Schmid, M., et al., 2013. Transverse Spin Seebeck Effect versus Anomalous and Planar Nernst Effects in Permalloy Thin Films. Physical Review Letters, 111(18): 187201.
M. Schmid, et al., “Transverse Spin Seebeck Effect versus Anomalous and Planar Nernst Effects in Permalloy Thin Films”, Physical Review Letters, vol. 111, 2013, : 187201.
Schmid, M., Srichandan, S., Meier, D., Kuschel, T., Schmalhorst, J.-M., Vogel, M., Reiss, G., Strunk, C., Back, C.H.: Transverse Spin Seebeck Effect versus Anomalous and Planar Nernst Effects in Permalloy Thin Films. Physical Review Letters. 111, : 187201 (2013).
Schmid, Maximilian, Srichandan, Sasmita, Meier, Daniel, Kuschel, Timo, Schmalhorst, Jan-Michael, Vogel, Michael, Reiss, Günter, Strunk, Christoph, and Back, Christian H. “Transverse Spin Seebeck Effect versus Anomalous and Planar Nernst Effects in Permalloy Thin Films”. Physical Review Letters 111.18 (2013): 187201.
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