Complex Regulation of the Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase Gene pck and Characterization of Its GntR-Type Regulator IolR as a Repressor of myo-Inositol Utilization Genes in Corynebacterium glutamicum

Klaffl S, Brocker M, Kalinowski J, Eikmanns BJ, Bott M (2013)
Journal Of Bacteriology 195(18): 4283-4296.

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Abstract
DNA affinity chromatography with the promoter region of the Corynebacterium glutamicum pck gene, encoding phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, led to the isolation of four transcriptional regulators, i.e., RamA, GntR1, GntR2, and IolR. Determination of the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase activity of the Delta ramA, Delta gntR1 Delta gntR2, and Delta iolR deletion mutants indicated that RamA represses pck during growth on glucose about 2-fold, whereas GntR1, GntR2, and IolR activate pck expression about 2-fold irrespective of whether glucose or acetate served as the carbon source. The DNA binding sites of the four regulators in the pck promoter region were identified and their positions correlated with the predicted functions as repressor or activators. The iolR gene is located upstream and in a divergent orientation with respect to a iol gene cluster, encoding proteins involved in myo-inositol uptake and degradation. Comparative DNA microarray analysis of the Delta iolR mutant and the parental wild-type strain revealed strongly (>100-fold) elevated mRNA levels of the iol genes in the mutant, indicating that the primary function of IolR is the repression of the iol genes. IolR binding sites were identified in the promoter regions of iolC, iolT1, and iolR. IolR therefore is presumably subject to negative autoregulation. A consensus DNA binding motif (5'-KGWCHTRACA-3') which corresponds well to those of other GntR-type regulators of the HutC family was identified. Taken together, our results disclose a complex regulation of the pck gene in C. glutamicum and identify IolR as an efficient repressor of genes involved in myo-inositol catabolism of this organism.
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Klaffl S, Brocker M, Kalinowski J, Eikmanns BJ, Bott M. Complex Regulation of the Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase Gene pck and Characterization of Its GntR-Type Regulator IolR as a Repressor of myo-Inositol Utilization Genes in Corynebacterium glutamicum. Journal Of Bacteriology. 2013;195(18):4283-4296.
Klaffl, S., Brocker, M., Kalinowski, J., Eikmanns, B. J., & Bott, M. (2013). Complex Regulation of the Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase Gene pck and Characterization of Its GntR-Type Regulator IolR as a Repressor of myo-Inositol Utilization Genes in Corynebacterium glutamicum. Journal Of Bacteriology, 195(18), 4283-4296.
Klaffl, S., Brocker, M., Kalinowski, J., Eikmanns, B. J., and Bott, M. (2013). Complex Regulation of the Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase Gene pck and Characterization of Its GntR-Type Regulator IolR as a Repressor of myo-Inositol Utilization Genes in Corynebacterium glutamicum. Journal Of Bacteriology 195, 4283-4296.
Klaffl, S., et al., 2013. Complex Regulation of the Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase Gene pck and Characterization of Its GntR-Type Regulator IolR as a Repressor of myo-Inositol Utilization Genes in Corynebacterium glutamicum. Journal Of Bacteriology, 195(18), p 4283-4296.
S. Klaffl, et al., “Complex Regulation of the Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase Gene pck and Characterization of Its GntR-Type Regulator IolR as a Repressor of myo-Inositol Utilization Genes in Corynebacterium glutamicum”, Journal Of Bacteriology, vol. 195, 2013, pp. 4283-4296.
Klaffl, S., Brocker, M., Kalinowski, J., Eikmanns, B.J., Bott, M.: Complex Regulation of the Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase Gene pck and Characterization of Its GntR-Type Regulator IolR as a Repressor of myo-Inositol Utilization Genes in Corynebacterium glutamicum. Journal Of Bacteriology. 195, 4283-4296 (2013).
Klaffl, Simon, Brocker, Melanie, Kalinowski, Jörn, Eikmanns, Bernhard J., and Bott, Michael. “Complex Regulation of the Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase Gene pck and Characterization of Its GntR-Type Regulator IolR as a Repressor of myo-Inositol Utilization Genes in Corynebacterium glutamicum”. Journal Of Bacteriology 195.18 (2013): 4283-4296.
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