Chlorodifluoroacetyl Isothiocyanate, ClF2CC(O)NCS: Preparation and Structural and Spectroscopic Studies

Ramos LA, Ulic SE, Romano RM, Vishnevskiy Y, Mitzel NW, Beckers H, Willner H, Tong S, Ge M, Della Vedova CO (2013)
The Journal Of Physical Chemistry A 117(27): 5597-5606.

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Abstract
Chlorodifluoroacetyl isothiocyanate, ClF2CC(O)NCS, was synthesized by the reaction of ClF2CC(O)Cl with an excess of AgNCS. The colorless product melts at -85 degrees C, and its vapor pressure follows the equation In p = -44714 (1/T) + 11.35 (p [atm], T [K] in the range -38 to 22 degrees C. The compound has been characterized by IR (gas phase, Ar matrix, and matrix photochemistry), by liquid Raman, by F-19 and C-13 NMR, gas UV-vis, and photoelectron spectroscopy (PES), by photoionization mass spectrometry (PIMS), and by gas electron diffraction (GED). The conformational properties of ClF2CC(O)NCS have been analyzed by joint application of vibrational spectroscopy, GED and quantum chemical calculations. The existence of two conformers has been detected in the gas and liquid phases, in which the C-Cl bond adopts a gauche orientation with respect to the C=O group. the C=O group is in syn- or anti-position with respect to the N=C double bond of the NCS group. The computed Delta G degrees difference between these two gauche-syn and gauche-anti forms is Delta G degrees = -0.63 kcal mol(-1) in the B3LYP/6-31G(d) approximation The most significant gas-phase structural parameters for gauche-syn. ClF2CC(O)NCS are r(e)(NC=S) 1.559(2) angstrom, r(e)(N=CS) 1.243(2) angstrom, r(e)(N-C) 1.399(7) angstrom, r(e)(C=O) 1199(2) angstrom, and angle(e) (CNC) 134.7(13)degrees. Photolysis of ClF2CC(O)NCS using an ArF excimer laser (193 nm) mainly Yields ClF2CNCS, CO, and ClC(O)CF2NCS. The valence electronic properties of the title compound were studied using PES and PLMS. The experimental first vertical ionization energy of 10.43 eV corresponds to the ejection primarily of the sulfur lone-pair electrons of the in-plane nonbonding orbital on the NCS group.
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Ramos LA, Ulic SE, Romano RM, et al. Chlorodifluoroacetyl Isothiocyanate, ClF2CC(O)NCS: Preparation and Structural and Spectroscopic Studies. The Journal Of Physical Chemistry A. 2013;117(27):5597-5606.
Ramos, L. A., Ulic, S. E., Romano, R. M., Vishnevskiy, Y., Mitzel, N. W., Beckers, H., Willner, H., et al. (2013). Chlorodifluoroacetyl Isothiocyanate, ClF2CC(O)NCS: Preparation and Structural and Spectroscopic Studies. The Journal Of Physical Chemistry A, 117(27), 5597-5606.
Ramos, L. A., Ulic, S. E., Romano, R. M., Vishnevskiy, Y., Mitzel, N. W., Beckers, H., Willner, H., Tong, S., Ge, M., and Della Vedova, C. O. (2013). Chlorodifluoroacetyl Isothiocyanate, ClF2CC(O)NCS: Preparation and Structural and Spectroscopic Studies. The Journal Of Physical Chemistry A 117, 5597-5606.
Ramos, L.A., et al., 2013. Chlorodifluoroacetyl Isothiocyanate, ClF2CC(O)NCS: Preparation and Structural and Spectroscopic Studies. The Journal Of Physical Chemistry A, 117(27), p 5597-5606.
L.A. Ramos, et al., “Chlorodifluoroacetyl Isothiocyanate, ClF2CC(O)NCS: Preparation and Structural and Spectroscopic Studies”, The Journal Of Physical Chemistry A, vol. 117, 2013, pp. 5597-5606.
Ramos, L.A., Ulic, S.E., Romano, R.M., Vishnevskiy, Y., Mitzel, N.W., Beckers, H., Willner, H., Tong, S., Ge, M., Della Vedova, C.O.: Chlorodifluoroacetyl Isothiocyanate, ClF2CC(O)NCS: Preparation and Structural and Spectroscopic Studies. The Journal Of Physical Chemistry A. 117, 5597-5606 (2013).
Ramos, Luis A., Ulic, Sonia E., Romano, Rosana M., Vishnevskiy, Yury, Mitzel, Norbert W., Beckers, Helmut, Willner, Helge, Tong, Shengrui, Ge, Maofa, and Della Vedova, Carlos O. “Chlorodifluoroacetyl Isothiocyanate, ClF2CC(O)NCS: Preparation and Structural and Spectroscopic Studies”. The Journal Of Physical Chemistry A 117.27 (2013): 5597-5606.
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